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17 Dec 2017 description

This report summarises discussions from a workshop to explore sub-state political settlements in conflict-affected borderlands and the possibilities for more effective and inclusive peacebuilding interventions. It looks at four key themes: concepts of borderlands, inclusion and political settlement; the particular types of violence, (in)security, governance and authority that emerge in borderlands; the challenges of working in borderlands, and innovative methods and tools to better engage with their dynamics; and peacebuilding responses and practice in borderland spaces.

15 Feb 2016 description

Publication date: Feb 2016

The transnational nature of armed groups is a hallmark of contemporary conflict in Africa. Our former East and Central Africa Projects Manager, Ned Dalby, shares his reflection

Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin, Al-Shabaab in the Horn and a cocktail of criminal, extremist and rebel groups in the Sahel defy easy solutions in part because of their cross-border reach. 

28 Apr 2014 description

Alex de Waal explains how peace processes work in the political “marketplace”. In complex conflicts involving multiple armed actors, diverse forms of violence and a breakdown in central political authority, much of politics functions through patronage. De Waal explains how external actors failed to navigate the political order in Darfur, where violence has been used not to achieve military victory but to raise actors’ status in a patronage hierarchy.

17 Mar 2013 description

Global policy highlights the importance of women’s participation in peace processes and peacebuilding. Yet the impact of international commitments is not felt on the ground. Most peace agreements do not address the specific concerns of women. And women are still excluded from political processes.

31 Oct 2010 description


The 25 year-old Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) conflict has left a terrible legacy in Africa's Great Lakes region. Military action and local, national, regional and international diplomatic attempts to end this war have all failed. Although considerably weakened in recent times, the LRA continues to ruthlessly attack civilians in remote areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Central African Republic (CAR) and Southern Sudan.

21 Sep 2010 description

Twenty-four years of civil war between the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government has caused great suffering to people living in northern Uganda, southern Sudan and more recently, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic.

Peace talks with from 2006 until 2008 offered the best hope for a settlement in recent times.

02 Oct 2009 description


The destruction by the LRA conflict continues to escalate in the face of a stalled Peace process. The growing tendency to resort to military strategy tends to result in a backlash and increased attack by LRA on the civilian communities. Yet the staggering humanitarian crisis unfolding as a result is not being adequately addressed.

There is an urgent need to find a sustainable solution to the conflict and address its consequences.

30 Sep 2009 description


In places emerging from conflict, trade offers opportunities to revitalize a region, re-establish relationships and build new links between communities estranged by violence. This study explores how trade policy and practice along the Uganda-Sudan border is contributing to peacebuilding and socio-economic recovery in the region - and in some cases is exacerbating or creating tensions that require careful management.

30 Jun 2009 description

A boom in trade along Southern Sudan and Uganda's borders is helping recovery after decades of war. Yet its potential to build peace between local communities remains unexploited.

On June 30, 2009 over 45 government officials, academics, lawyers and civil society activists took part in our Kampala workshop to explore the links between increased trade and conflict.

Participants agreed certain aspects of cross-border trade need careful treatment to make sure growth strengthens peace rather than strains it. These include:


28 Apr 2009 description

By Mareike Schomerus and Kennedy Tumutegyereize


Operation Lightning Thunder

The military offensive known as Operation Lightning Thunder, launched on 14 December 2008, marked the end of two years of peace negotiations between the Lord's Resistance Army's (LRA) and the Ugandan government.

08 Apr 2009 description

In March 2009 Conciliation Resources held a civil society peacebuilding conference in northern Uganda.

Over 70 people attended from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Uganda.

12 Feb 2009 description

Twenty-three years of civil war between the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government has caused great suffering to people living in northern Uganda, southern Sudan and more recently, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic.

Peace talks between the LRA and the Ugandan government from 2006 until 2008 provided the best hope for a settlement in recent times.

31 Dec 2008 description


Incentives and sanctions are used by external actors to try to stop armed conflicts in the short term. But are they effective in promoting peace? This research by Conciliation Resources argues that these instruments are often not used as part of a broader strategy aimed at resolving conflict. They are often a confused mix of coercion and assistance, which neither force nor encourage the conflict parties towards a negotiated settlement.

24 Nov 2008 description


The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) is conventionally considered by outsiders to be a Ugandan issue, with its Sudanese dimension poorly understood and often overlooked. This is the first study of how armed conflict by the LRA and other armed groups has affected Sudanese communities living along the Sudan-Uganda border. It documents local people's views from the LRAaffected areas of Eastern and Central Equatoria on the conflicts, the current security and development situation, and on reintegration, reconciliation, accountability and cross-border relations.

15 Feb 2007 description

Atta el-Battahani (2006)

The last fifty years of Sudan's history have been marred by civil war. Protracted armed conflict in many parts of the country has killed, wounded and displaced millions of people. Education and health services have been disrupted, livelihoods destroyed. Much of Sudan's physical, human and social capital has been destroyed and development opportunities have been squandered.

30 Jun 2005 description

Lam Akol

In 1988, the United Nations Secretary-General, Javier Perez de Cuellar, appointed James P. Grant, Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to organize a special relief operation in Sudan. This decision was taken against the backdrop of repeated media reports of a high death toll resulting from war-induced famine. For southern Sudan, some sources put the figure as high as 500,000 persons, most of them children and the aged.