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20 Apr 2018 description

The Five Questions Series is a forum for scholars, government officials, civil society leaders, and foreign policy practitioners to provide timely analysis of new developments related to the advancement of women and girls worldwide.

Blog Post by Jamille Bigio

26 Apr 2012 description

Interviewee: Jendayi Frazer, Adjunct Senior Fellow for Africa Studies

Interviewer: Christopher Alessi, Associate Staff Writer

14 Mar 2012 description

Following their return from South Sudan with the Enough Project, George Clooney and John Prendergast assess the in-country situation in the year since southern Sudan's independence referendum, with Andudu Adam Elnail, Anglican bishop of Kadugli, Sudan, and Omer Ismail, Darfur activist and senior adviser at the Enough Project.

Listen to the lecture.

01 Jun 2011 description

Expert Brief

Author: John Campbell, Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies

May 31, 2011

19 Apr 2011 description

Policy Innovation Memorandum No. 3

Author: Payton L. Knopf, International Affairs Fellow in Residence
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations Press

Release Date: April 2011


10 Jan 2011 description

January 10, 2011

Author: John Campbell, Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies

The people of south Sudan began voting January 9 on a referendum to separate from the north. Polls will remain open until January 15, with the final results announced February 6 at the earliest. The electoral law's requirement that 60 percent of registered voters participate will likely be easily met.

07 Jan 2011 description

Author: Deborah Jerome, Deputy Editor

Six years after the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) ended decades of civil war between northern and southern Sudan, citizens of semi-autonomous South Sudan will start voting Sunday on whether to become an independent country. The long-anticipated referendum has sparked concerns about disputes over the rich oil fields on the border between north and south and worries over another civil war.

04 Oct 2010 description

Authors: Toni Johnson, Staff Writer

04 Oct 2010 description

Author: Payton L. Knopf, International Affairs Fellow in Residence

October 4, 2010

President Barack Obama's presence at a high-level meeting on Sudan at the United Nations on September 24 was the most recent sign of his administration's intensified diplomatic efforts to avert a catastrophic return to war in Africa's largest state. On January 9, southern Sudan is scheduled to vote in two referenda. One is on self-determination for the south; the other is on the disposition of the oil-rich and ethnically divided region of Abyei.

04 Mar 2009 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson

In July 2008, chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo asked the International Criminal Court to indict the president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, for abuses committed against the people of the Darfur region. The move set off a firestorm of controversy about whether it would obstruct efforts to bring peace to Darfur. "I cannot adjust to political considerations. Politicians have to adjust to the law," Moreno-Ocampo responded. After months of debate, the court followed through and on March 4, 2009, indicted Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

28 Jul 2008 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson

On July 14, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court took the first steps toward indicting Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. Bashir is accused of genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur, where an estimated 200,000 have died and more than 2.5 million have been displaced from their homes. The move toward indicting him set off controversy and a debate about whether it would further complicate efforts to bring peace to the country.

02 Jun 2008 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson

Sudanese government troops and southern Sudanese forces have led a tense coexistence for months in the oil-rich area of Abyei, which straddles Sudan's north and south. Accounts of what ignited the recent fighting (Economist) between the two groups differ, but no one disputes the end result: a town destroyed (WashPost), roughly one hundred thousand people displaced, and the probability of civil war on the rise with each passing day. Abyei exemplifies the most contentious elements of a 2005 peace deal between north and south Sudan.

20 Feb 2007 description

Interviewee: Andrew S. Natsios

Interviewer: Robert McMahon, Deputy Editor

February 20, 2007

The crisis in Darfur enters its fifth year with prospects for peace more remote than ever. A huge displaced population remains under threat from militias nominally controlled by the Sudanese government while the international community attempts to broker a settlement between Khartoum and rebel leaders in the area. The U.S.

02 Jan 2007 description

Author:  Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor


The conflict in Sudan's Darfur region increasingly threatens two neighboring countries-Chad and the Central African Republic. The Sudanese government and rebel groups signed a peace agreement in May, but violence in Darfur has escalated since then. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has barred deployment of a UN peacekeeping force in Darfur (authorized by UN Security Council Resolution 1706).

02 Jan 2007 description

Prepared by:  Stephanie Hanson

Four months after the UN Security Council approved an UN peacekeeping mission in Sudan's Darfur region, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir continues to bar such troops, as well as a hybrid AU-UN force offered as a compromise. Recent international efforts to budge Bashir have involved everyone from British Prime Minster Tony Blair to actor George Clooney. Blair announced he would back a no-fly zone (BBC) over Sudan, while Clooney urged China and Egypt to pressure Khartoum.

17 Nov 2006 description

Prepared by: Stephanie Hanson

After an extended deadlock, the Sudanese government has "agreed in principle" (Reuters) to a hybrid peacekeeping force in Darfur. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan convened a conference in Ethiopia on Thursday to address the region's escalating violence (AP), proposing the deployment of an international force (LAT) on the border of Chad and Sudan or a hybrid force of African Union (AU) and UN troops. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has blocked the deployment of a 20,000-strong UN peacekeeping force there for the past three months.

17 Nov 2006 description

Author: Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor


The four-year-old International Criminal Court (ICC) recently began its first case, a hearing to determine whether there is enough evidence to bring to trial a Congolese citizen accused of conscripting child soldiers to fight in the country's civil war. The world's first permanent court dealing with grave crimes has focused its initial efforts on Africa and already is creating a stir related to two of Africa's most serious problems-the crisis in Darfur and the conflict in northern Uganda.

10 Oct 2006 description


ANNOUNCER: This is a podcast from CFR.org, the web site of the Council on Foreign Relations.

MS. HANSON: The UN Security Council has authorized a large peacekeeping force for Sudan's violence-torn Darfur region, but the Sudanese Government refuses to accept the troops. With the Security Council paralyzed, the African Union has agreed to expand their peacekeeping force.