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19 Jun 2012 description
report Global Witness

Survey finds sharp rise in killings over land and forests as Rio talks open

New figures collected by Global Witness on the killings of activists, journalists and community members who were defending rights to land and forests show the true, shocking extent of competition for access to natural resources. The briefing, A Hidden Crisis?, finds that over 711 people appear to have been killed in the last decade – more than one a week. In 2011 the toll was 106 people, almost doubling over the past three years.

01 Jul 2011 description

Violations of peace agreement should trigger further sanctions

(1 July 2011) With only days before South Sudan is due to secede on 9 July, Sudan is the closest to war that it has been since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between North and South Sudan in January 2005, said a global coalition of NGOs.

06 Jan 2011 description
report Global Witness

(Extract)

With a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan just days away, oil sector transparency is now more important than ever in preserving the fragile peace.

Suspicions over the sharing of oil revenues under the current peace deal have greatly added to the mistrust between north and south.

25 Oct 2010 description
report Global Witness

Purpose of this Paper

The purpose of this paper is to provide suggestions for ways in which a new, post-referendum oil deal between north and south Sudan could be made as transparent as possible in order to ensure that the deal is stable and that any tension and mistrust between the two sides is minimised. This document outlines the suggested transparency provisions, and the attached annex contains specific suggestions for the wording of these transparency provisions.

24 Sep 2010 description
report Global Witness

Global Witness chastised participants of today's high-level meeting on Sudan, held on the sidelines of the UN summit in New York, for failing to adequately address the important issue of oil revenue sharing in spite of the fact that it is critical to maintaining the peace.

In a communiqué issued after the meeting, the participants, who included U.S.President Barack Obama, former President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki, and Managing Director of the World Bank Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, made no more than a passing reference to resolving "critical post-referenda arrangements -including …

18 Aug 2010 description
report Global Witness

Global Witness today participated in a landmark transparency seminar in Khartoum organised by His Excellency the Minister for Petroleum for the Government of National Unity, Lual Deng, and His Excellency the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Energy and Mining of the Government of Southern Sudan, William Maciek.

The event was themed around transparency in the oil sector in response to a report published by Global Witness in September 2009.

14 Jul 2010 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Renewing the PledgeThe clock is ticking fast towards what might be the most important date in modern sudanese history - two referenda in Sudan that are likely to result in the breakup of Africa's largest state. With six months remaining until 9 January 2011, the scheduled date of the referenda, the run-up to, and outcome of, the vote must be managed with extreme care.

14 Jul 2010 description
report Global Witness

With six months until a referendum on Southern independence, Sudan is alarmingly unprepared according to a new report published today by a global coalition of 26 humanitarian and human rights organisations. The report calls for urgent action from African heads of state who will meet shortly at a major summit of the African Union in Uganda from 19 - 27 July.

03 Jun 2010 description
report Global Witness

Satellite evidence obtained by campaign group Global Witness suggests an area in the far north of Darfur in Sudan is being explored for oil. Darfur, a region roughly the size of Spain, has been torn apart by war since 2003.

17 Mar 2010 description
report Global Witness

Large discrepancies persist between the oil production data published by the government of Sudan and those published by the main Chinese oil company operating in the country, Global Witness said today, six months after the publication of its report which first exposed the gaps.

This problem arises despite promises by the authorities in north and south Sudan to address the inconsistencies by conducting an audit. The promised audit is yet to take place.

27 Jan 2010 description
report Global Witness

Executive Summary

The will and the capacity of the United Nations (UN) and Member States to deal with natural resourcefuelled conflicts is weak. In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), civilians die on a daily basis because of a war that is stoked by the international trade in minerals. The conflict's economic dimension and the identity of those fuelling it have been known for many years; yet increased awareness of the problem has not triggered effective action.

27 Jan 2010 description
report Global Witness

Press Release - 27/01/2010

The lack of a coherent and committed international approach to tackling the role of natural resources in conflict is costing lives in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and heightening the risk of further unrest in other fragile states such as Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea, according to a new report from Global Witness.

Drawing on Global Witness' experience in Angola, Cambodia, DRC, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Sudan, the report, Lessons UNlearned, aims to promote understanding of, and a strategy for dealing with, the problem of natural resource wealth …

07 Jan 2010 description
report Global Witness

A fair and transparent arrangement for sharing and monitoring the revenues from Sudan's oil fields is critical to preventing a return to war between the north and south, said campaign group Global Witness today, ahead of the 5th anniversary on Saturday of the peace agreement.

The civil war was Africa's longest running. Nearly two million people lost their lives and almost four in five southerners had to flee their homes at some point.

15 Sep 2009 description
report Global Witness

A week after the launch of its report on lack of transparency in the oil revenue sharing agreement between north and south Sudan, campaign group Global Witness has welcomed indications from the authorities in Khartoum and Juba that they intend to investigate oil revenue figures.

The report, Fuelling Mistrust, the need for transparency in Sudan's oil industry, warned that lack of transparency in the oil sector could destabilise the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was based on an agreement to share oil revenues.

07 Sep 2009 description
report Global Witness

The 2005 peace agreement which brought to an end the conflict between north and south Sudan - one of Africa's longest-running and most bloody wars - was based on an agreement to share oil revenues. However, new evidence uncovered by Global Witness raises serious questions about whether the revenues are being shared fairly.

07 Sep 2009 description
report Global Witness

Norway's Oil for Development programme does not have sufficient safeguards in place to ensure that the money does not end up fuelling conflict and corruption, warned Global Witness [1] today.

07 Sep 2009 description
report Global Witness

SUMMARY

Background

In 2005, a historic peace agreement brought an end to Africa's longest-running civil war - the 22-year conflict between north and south Sudan. Tensions over the distribution of the country's vast oil wealth had been a driver of the conflict, but oil also helped to provide a key to its resolution.