Appeals & Response Plans
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2018
- Sudan: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Nov 2013
- Sudan: Flash Floods - Aug 2013
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Most read reports
- Sudan: Humanitarian Funds come together to help people support themselves
- 21 Darfur displaced now detained for four months without trial
- 400 Ethiopian refugees arrive in Sudan following ethnic clashes: official
- South Darfur Health Ministry, World Vision inspect Otash camp
- SPLM-N Agar, African mediators discuss peace in Sudan’s Two Areas
Geneva, 11 July 2014 (WMO) - Weather, climate and water-related disasters are on the rise worldwide, causing loss of life and setting back economic and social development by years, if not decades. From 1970 to 2012, 8 835 disasters, 1.94 million deaths, and US$ 2.4 trillion of economic losses were reported globally as a result of hazards such as droughts, extreme temperatures, floods, tropical cyclones and related health epidemics, according to a new report.
Following a decade of decreasing child mortality, recent surveys report worsening of the situation, particularly in border states
Immunisation coverage (MCV) has improved but is still below the recommended level in most states and should remain a priority for aid programming
Certain South Sudanese states perform better than others in the provision of health services
Synopsis of the Darfur Epidemic Sep – Nov 2012.
The current outbreak of YF in Darfur started at the beginning of September 2012. As of the latest WHO situation report from November 30th 2012:
32 out of 64 localities in Darfur are affected
Total number of suspected cases is 677 including 164 deaths (CFR of 24.2%)
The majority of cases are located in Central Darfur (58%) (17.2%, 14.6% and 9.3% are located in West, North and South Darfur respectively).
The nutritional situation is serious in the western part of the country (Amhara and Benishangul Gumuz administrative regions), yet without reporting alarming values. In the other areas, GAM is below 10%. Community-based management of acute malnutrition and outreach activities implemented following the 2002/2003 drought are paying off. Severe malnutrition and mortality rates are low as well. Measles vaccination remains inadequate in four out of five regions, with alarming minimum values reported in Oromia (35.8%) and SNNPR (47%).
In June 2003, representatives of government and multilateral donors, UN institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and other organizations involved in humanitarian action gathered at an international meeting in Stockholm, Sweden. The meeting’s objectives were to review the humanitarian community’s past achievements and to define a new paradigm for Good Humanitarian Donorship.
Refugees in Kenya
There are four refugee camps in Kenya, with three located near the city of Dadaab in Garissa District (North Eastern province) and hosting mostly Somali refugees. The remain-ing camp is located in Kakuma, Turkana district (Rift Val-ley), and hosts mainly Somali and Sudanese refugees. As the number of Somali refugees steadily increased over the last 3 years, transfers from Dadaab to Kakuma camp have been implemented in order to alleviate chronic overcrowding.
2009 Health Indicators in Complex Emergencies
Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur Conflict
In October 2004, the World Health Organization issued a press release stating that the Darfur conflict had cost the lives of 70,000 Darfuris so far. This estimation was soon criticized and by May 2005, 8 months after the press release, 5 other mortality estimates had been published, ranging from 63,000 to 400,000 deaths. Over the next years, many other estimations would follow.
Since 1991, when the last nationally recognised President Siad Barre was ousted, the Somali population has been living without a central functioning government providing any health service. Since then, civil strifes and natural disasters have not spared any of the Somali regions.
In 2005, Sudan ranked as a medium level human development country along with others such as Uganda, Nepal and Ghana. In comparison, Kenya, Nigeria or Rwanda, ranked lower on the same index. On the GDP index however, Sudan remained substantially lower than the Sub-Saharan average, making it a low income country by most economic indicators.
Within Sudan, the 6 million Darfurians are some of the very poorest.
The exact number of deaths in the Darfur region due to the conflict will probably never be known. But most certainly, it is far too many. Estimating mortality in conflicts is a notoriously difficult exercise, even more so in Darfur where the conditions causing death are extremely variable. Malnutrition, epidemics and violence occur sporadically, claiming many lives in some areas and none in others.
This documents contains:
- An analysis based on data held in CE-DAT
- CMR (Crude Mortality Rate) is defined as the number of deaths in a given time period divided by the average population during the same period
- U5MR (Under 5 Mortality Rate) is defined as the number of deaths of children aged under five years in a given time period divided by the average population of children aged under five years during the same period
- GAM (Global Acute Malnutrition) is defined as children with a weight-for-height index lower than -2 Z-scores
Major events during the last 2 weeks
Week 10/01/2005 - 16/01/2005
January 10-12, 2005: Three-day polio vaccination campaign. Parties respect cease-fire.
January 12, 2005: Sudanese president says he will bring peace to the entire country; vice-president in charge of peace efforts.
January 13, 2005: UN special envoy warns for escalation of violence, even outside Darfur.
Week 17/01/2005 - 23/01/2005
January 17, 2005: Peace talks between Sudanese government and NMRD.
January 20, 2005: Sudanese committee of inquiry concludes that rights abuse took place but no genocide.
The Darfur region was a single state until 1994, when it was divided in to 3 states - West, North and South. To facilitate, international aid decisionmaking purposes, CEDAT recognises the three states in its data compilation and standardises past data using location details into these three new states. The CEDAT team has analysed a total of 30 surveys undertaken in the Darfur region since 2000 of which 17 were undertaken in 2004. All except one survey were from N and W Darfur. We have therefore limited out brief to these two regions from which we have the most information.