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19 Feb 2016 description

Understanding the Political Marketplace May Improve Results, Says Author De Waal

By: Gopal Ratnam

07 May 2014 description

Sudan and South Sudan have seen numerous local peacebuilding efforts in recent years, yet violence continues largely unabated. Using the Western Corridor as a case study, this report outlines the importance of understanding and improving local peace processes through an architecture that begins with conflict analysis, entails a common vision, and focuses on achieving specific objectives. Also essential to the success of the process is including the right people—those with authority, with knowledge of the problems requiring resolution, and with vested interest in sustainable solutions.

10 Sep 2013 description

Summary

  • Civic education provides a positive framework for collective civic identity. As such, it can be a stabilizing factor in societies suffering from violent conflict and its aftermath.

  • The emphasis of civic education on public participation in governance overlaps with human rights, but the two fields have distinct and separate conceptual bases.

13 Aug 2013 description

Sudan urgently needs to embark on a national dialogue and reform process that is led by Sudanese and supported by the international community. Without such a process, Sudan has little chance of breaking its destructive cycle of instability. Authors Ambassador Princeton N. Lyman, a special advisor to the president of USIP and former special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, and Jon Temin, director of USIP’s Horn of African program, examine the way forward.

Summary

26 Jul 2013 description

USIP, Partners Release Report on Realizing ‘Responsibility to Protect’

By: Thomas Omestad

07 Mar 2013 description

March 2013 | Olive Branch Post by Jonathan Temin

01 Aug 2012 description

Reflections on Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Special Report by Susan Hayward

Summary

The field of religious peacebuilding has begun to move closer to the mainstream of conflict resolution practice and theory. The 2011 unrest in the Middle East and North Africa—the Arab Spring—reflects ongoing challenges and opportunities for the field.

06 Jul 2012 description

South Sudan celebrates the first anniversary of its formal independence and nationhood on July 9. Though hopes for progress remain high, the young nation is struggling on several fronts—internal security, relations with Sudan, development, rule of law and statebuilding. The specialists at the U.S. Institute of Peace who work on conflict management and peacebuilding programs in South Sudan examine the gains made and the many challenges ahead.

21 Jun 2012 description

June 2012 | Olive Branch Post by Elizabeth Murray

June 21, 2012

“There is a new radio, talking about the problems between the North and the South. We find it very interesting and we are trying to listen,” says an East Darfuri of the USIP-supported Radio Tamazuj.

31 May 2012 description

A close partnership between the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) and a Sudanese organization over the past seven years is strengthening USIP programming in a key African country that has been torn by conflict--and helping to build a vibrant civil society organization where few have prospered previously.

17 Apr 2012 description

Violence once again has flared up between Sudanese and South Sudanese forces in an oil-rich region on their disputed border. Jon Temin, director of USIP's Sudan programs, discusses what's behind the renewed fighting and what is at stake for the region and international community.

Are Sudan and South Sudan teetering on the brink of war?

30 Mar 2012 description

USIP’s Jon Temin discusses the recent clashes and ongoing tensions between South Sudan and Sudan – and what can be done to prevent more violence.

Q: The armies of Sudan and South Sudan have directly engaged one another in recent days, with Sudanese military aircraft flying over South Sudan and with South Sudanese troops entering Sudan. What does this mean? Is another war starting between the North and the South?

21 Mar 2012 description

Summary

Numerous predictions asserted that the referendum on the secession of southern Sudan would lead to renewed civil war.

Despite ongoing violence in many parts of Sudan and South Sudan, the referendum process was largely peaceful.

This unanticipated result may prove a relatively rare instance of documented success in conflict prevention.

Warnings of impending violence came from many sources. They were timely but tended to be vague. Whether they were overly dire because of faulty assumptions about the conflict dynamics deserves scrutiny.

16 Mar 2012 description

Sudan and the newly independent South Sudan continue to be at loggerheads over whether South Sudanese oil can be sent through Sudan to get to market – and how much South Sudan should pay to use Sudanese pipelines and refineries. Numerous rounds of negotiations between the parties have yielded little progress, and in January South Sudan shut down all its oil production, accusing Sudan of stealing significant quantities of its oil. South Sudanese oil wells remain closed as its leaders speculate about building alternative pipelines through Kenya or Ethiopia and Djibouti.

15 Mar 2012 description

Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Congressional Testimony by Jonathan Temin

March 14, 2012

21 Feb 2012 description

Practitioner Tool by Kelvin Ong

Failure by mediators to fully assess the interests and positions of negotiating parties and accurately identify the strategies and tactics conflict parties employ to avoid disarming and demobilizing their fighting forces can greatly compromise the viability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs. Providing guidance on the mediation and negotiation aspects of DDR, this toolkit lays out eight detailed steps that mediators can take to establish appropriate linkages between DDR and other aspects of a peace process.

30 Jan 2012 description

USIP’s Jon Temin, director of the Sudan program, and Raymond Gilpin, director for Sustainable Economies, take questions about events now unfolding in South Sudan after Juba recently announced a controversial plan to build an oil pipeline through Kenya.

South Sudan announced a deal under which it would export its crude oil through Kenya, excluding its northern neighbor, Sudan. At the same time, the Sudanese government is angry over what it describes as unpaid “transit fees.” What’s going on here?

08 Nov 2011 description

Peace Brief by Julie Flint

Summary

The response to the renewed war in Sudan’s Nuba Mountains has been driven largely by a human rights and humanitarian crisis.

The crisis will continue indefinitely without a political agreement that acknowledges the Nuba rebellion is self-sustaining and reflects a wider malaise within the new Republic of Sudan.

With Sudan facing financial collapse, economic normalization must be part of negotiations with Khartoum to end the war in the Nuba Mountains and promote democratization throughout Sudan.

About This Brief

08 Aug 2011 description

Special Report by Claudia Hofmann and Ulrich Schneckener

Summary

Transnational nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have developed strategies to improve the diffusion of and general adherence to international norms among nonstate armed actors, with the goal of persuading armed actors to adapt their behavior accordingly.