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06 Sep 2012 description

Monday July 9th 2012 marked South Sudan’s first anniversary as an independent state. But one year down the road, what is there to celebrate for this newborn polity? Faced with political stability and enduring external and domestic threats to its security, the nascent state of South Sudan has evolved into a patronage and crisis management tool for the ruling elite, putting the benefits of governance well beyond the reach of the majority of the population.

25 Jun 2010 description
report Clingendael

Expert Meeting Report

Conflict Research Unit, Clingendael Institute, 25 June 2010

Prepared by Jort Hemmer, in cooperation with Niki Frencken


Northern Uganda became the scene of armed conflict after President Yoweri Museveni took power in 1986 by overthrowing a military regime dominated by the Acholi, the largest ethnic group in Uganda's northern districts of Gulu, Kitgum and Pader. In the wake of this coup, and amid fears of political and economic marginalisation, several protest movements emerged in the North challenging the newly established leadership.

30 Mar 2010 description
report Clingendael

As Sudan has entered the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries comprising the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan's self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could result in partition of the country and may possibly prompt the resurgence of violent North-South conflict. In any case, the emergence of an independent South would have profound regional implications.

17 Sep 2009 description
report Clingendael

Executive summary

The future of Sudan is uncertain. At present the international community, governments, international organisations and civil society groups are primarily focused on stimulating implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and making sure an election and referendum take place. Consequently, little time is given to thinking strategically about the period after 2011. What will happen in 2012 is barely touched on.

01 Sep 2009 description
report Clingendael


In Sudan, the country's first national elections since ending more than two decades of war are planned for April 2010. This report aims to deepen the understanding of the context in which these elections are to take place and to assess their possible impact. To this end, it first briefly explores the rationale behind the post-conflict ballot, before moving on to consider the framework of Sudan's 2010 elections, the nature of the Sudanese state and politics, contemporary flashpoints, and the calculations of key political players.

31 Aug 2009 description
report Clingendael

Exploring the Connections between Community Security and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)

Executive Summary

The connection between community security and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) is a largely omitted topic in most current policy approaches and is relatively unexplored in both academic and policy literature.

01 Sep 2005 description
report Clingendael

Executive summary
The present study was undertaken in the framework of the research project "Resolving Intractable Conflicts in Africa", which focuses on international conflict management and resolution strategies. This paper provides a thorough narrative and analysis of the Sudan peace process - or the Sudan's 'tortuous ascent to heights of peace' to use John Garang's words - from the failed peace attempts of the early 1990s to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005.

(pdf* format - 811MB)