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31 Jan 2010 description
report Chatham House

Edward Thomas, January 2010

Sudan will hold potentially transformative elections in April 2010 and its complex peace processes require the organisation of three referendums in the coming year, including one in which Southern Sudanese voters will decide on unity or independence.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

18 Nov 2009 description
report Chatham House

Roger Middleton, December 2009, The World Today, Volume 65, Number 12

The north eastern corner of Africa is again witnessing shocking scenes of deprivation. The Horn of Africa, from Sudan through Kenya and Ethiopia to Somalia regularly suffers from prolonged and devastating food shortages and this is one of the worst for many years. Preventing repeats of this suffering depends as much on the politics of the region as on aid and development.

ACCORDING TO THE WORLD FOOD Programme, around twenty million people in the Horn of Africa need food aid.

09 Jun 2009 description
report Chatham House

In a major key note speech aimed at people across Africa, Lord Malloch-Brown, Minister for Africa, called for an 'Africa first' policy to counter the growing threats from global recession, and increase Africa's influence in global affairs.

Lord Mark Malloch-Brown, formerly a United Nations Deputy Secretary General, warned that the continent of Africa 'is in trouble' because of the world economic crisis but with an 'Africa first' approach to regional markets, infrastructure and institutions, 'African lions' may emerge from the financial recession with …

31 Mar 2009 description
report Chatham House

By Sonya Sceats

Summary points

- Human rights abuses on a massive scale continue to afflict the lives of millions of people across the continent of Africa. As in other parts of the world, the obstacles in pursuing justice are currently insurmountable for most victims.

- Against this troubling backdrop, the African Union (AU) has decided to add a human rights section to its new court which has been agreed upon but not yet set up.

09 Jan 2009 description
report Chatham House

Executive Summary

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed in 2005, ending two decades of war between Sudan's central government and the Southern-based Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army. The CPA shares wealth and power between Sudan's powerful centre, a newly autonomous South, and Sudan's other vast, diverse, impoverished peripheries. The bold peace gave new legitimacy to the two parties, who agreed to face their first competitive elections in 2009. Southern Sudan will have a referendum on self-determination in 2011.

23 Jun 2008 description
report Chatham House

Executive summary

This report is a study of three peace processes in the Horn of Africa, a region of Africa distinguished by the prevalence and persistence of armed conflict. It deals with the Algiers Agreement of December 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the Somalia National Peace and Reconciliation Process concluded in October 2004 and the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement of January 2005. It examines in turn the background and historical context of the conflicts that these peace agreements were intended to resolve.

22 Feb 2008 description
report Chatham House

China's historic engagement in Africa has strengthened in recent years and with that the complexity of its relations with African nations has increased. From a focus on Darfur, Ambassador Liu expanded to speak about China's role in Africa.

24 Oct 2007 description
report Chatham House


War in Darfur and international responses

Darfur is a typical north-east African civil war, (1) consisting of multiple overlapping conflicts interspersed with large-scale off ensives by the government army and its proxies and rebels. During 2001-2003, local disputes were exacerbated by the breakdown of local governance and combined with the ambitions of a frustrated provincial elite to fuel an insurgency, which escalated more quickly and bloodily than either side anticipated.