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06 Jun 2012 description

South Sudan's messy separation from the North has provided the perfect conditions for conflict between the new neighbors. Oil pipelines and production set the scene for the most recent source of tension.

Prepared by: Richard Downie

25 Jan 2012 description

Today's podcast considers the important relationship of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept in relation to conflict management and intervention. Our guest David Lanz reflects on the Darfur conflict, which became a test case for emerging R2P norms.

Listen to the Podcast

15 Jul 2011 description

James Hedlund, an independent analyst on Sudan and freelance adviser supporting indigenous aid intervention, discusses the violence and humanitarian crisis in South Kordofan. He considers prospects for cease fire deals given the long history of conflict in the Nuba Mountains and examines the dire need for international aid in this remote and isolated region of in the south of Sudan.

Listen to the podcast

15 Apr 2011 description

As South Sudan inches closer to formal independence in July, fighting has escalated between ethnic southern and northern tribes in the disputed province of Abyei. Indeed, a long and bitter history of conflict exists between north and south over this oil-rich region.

By Daniel Ooko for ISN Insights

15 Feb 2011 description

The US has outlined a new strategy to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels into Ugandan society in an effort to bring peace and stability to the region.

06 Jan 2011 description

On January 9, southern Sudanese voters will decide in a referendum if they should separate from the North or remain a part of a united Sudan. As the southern Sudanese are expected to opt for independence, the referendum is likely to be the prelude for the division of Africa's largest country into two.

By Martina Santschi and David Lanz for ISN Insights


The North and South in Sudan have a long history of division and conflict.

02 Nov 2009 description

Sudanese rebel leader Abu Garda's move to surrender himself to the International Criminal Court for a pre-trial charges hearing is full of political traps that may not translate into a victory for justice, Séverine Koen comments for ISN Security Watch.

By Séverine Koen for ISN Security Watch

The pre-trial confirmation-of-charges hearing of Sudanese rebel leader Bahr Idriss Abu Garda at the International Criminal Court (ICC) sets an important precedent that will require the Court to further examine the political implications of surrender.

Abu Garda - accused of having been …

09 Sep 2009 description

Experts predict that by 2025, two-thirds of the world's population will face water shortages, and Europe will be no exception, Diana Ionescu writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Diana Ionescu for ISN Security Watch

Worldwide, more than 1 billion people live without access to safe water and up to 4 million people (mostly children) die every year from water-related diseases.

Dry and densely populated regions often lack the necessary water resources as well as the infrastructure to ensure the vital amount of freshwater needed.

03 Sep 2009 description

As the Lord's Resistance Army steps up its brutality against civilians in response to failed peace talks and military efforts to end the violence, African governments seek to join forces against the group and the UN promises new peacekeeping mandates, Edoardo Totolo writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Edoardo Totolo for ISN Security Watch

After being chased out of Uganda in 2006, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) - a rebel group fighting for the establishment of a Bible-based theocracy in Uganda - has become a major threat for people living in the vast area between the …

14 Aug 2009 description

As conflicts on the African continent become increasingly characterized by gross human rights abuses - particularly the rape and abduction of women and girls - governments move to make peacekeepers out of local police, Steve Mbogo writes for ISN Security Watch.

On average, some 40 women are raped every day in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, according to data from the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. In the first quarter of this year some 463 women were raped there, …

12 Aug 2009 description

Despite the adjustments to the International Humanitarian Law, the basic application of the Geneva Conventions, which are celebrating their 60th birthday, still constitutes a major challenge as the example of the Afghanistan conflict shows, Georg-Sebastian Holzer writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Georg-Sebastian Holzer for ISN Security Watch

One hundred and fifty years ago, 38,000 soldiers and civilians died on the battlefield of Solferino. The Swiss civilian Henry Dunant witnessed the battle in person.

27 Jul 2009 description

A new ruling by an international court redraws the boundaries of north and south Sudan in a politically astute way, but peace is far from secured, Georg-Sebastian Holzer comments for ISN Security Watch.

By Georg-Sebastian Holzer for ISN Security Watch

The oil-rich Abyei region, which straddles Sudan's north-south border, is sometimes referred to as the country's Kashmir.

05 Jun 2009 description

With the rainy season fast approaching, Darfur's next humanitarian crisis looms large and recently expelled aid agencies wonder who will fill the gaps as the peace process marks time, writes Claudio Guler for ISN Security Watch.

By Claudio Guler for ISN Security Watch

Khartoum's 4 March expulsion of 13 private international aid agencies in retaliation for the International Criminal Court's (ICC) arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir has left a significant aid gap in its wake.

08 May 2009 description

Khartoum's aces of stonewalling may be at it again. Discrete diplomacy is an apt first step, but if it fails to yield results, Obama should speak up, Claudio Guler writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Claudio Guler for ISN Security Watch

Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir on 4 March on seven counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and as anticipated, he retaliated.

14 Apr 2009 description

Climate change must be considered from a security perspective as it portends to generate millions of climate refugees, rendering the issue of 'environmentally induced migrants' a leading 21st-century global security challenge, Claudio Guler writes for ISN Security Watch.

By Claudio Guler for ISN Security Watch

The chief obstacle in marshalling resources to curb climate change lies in clarifying the abstract nature and inconsistent onset of the issue. When and where will climate change occur? How long does the world have to react?

21 Feb 2007 description

The most commonly agreed upon definition of a child soldier is based on the "Cape Town Principles" from 1997 and describes a child soldier as "any person under 18 years of age who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to cooks, porters, messengers and anyone accompanying such groups, other than family members.

07 Sep 2006 description

Sudan rebuffs attempts to send UN peacekeepers to Darfur amid a renewed military offensive against rebels.

By Simon Roughneen for ISN Security Watch (07/09/06)

Not only has the Sudanese government refused to give consent to a UN mission in Darfur and threatened to expel African Union (AU) peacekeepers, it has also renewed its military offensive in northern Darfur, apparently in alliance with the Janjaweed militia and the rebel faction that signed the May Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) - a peace agreement that is now basically defunct.

The developments come on the heels of a United …

05 Apr 2006 description

A senior Chadian general died in a battle with rebels near the Chad-Sudan border, close to the Darfur region, on 30 March. It was the latest sign that the three-year-old Darfur conflict is set to degenerate in the coming months, and could also lead to the destabilization of Chad and a Sudan-Chad war.

21 Mar 2006 description

By Simon Roughneen for ISN in Nairobi and Turkana, Kenya (21/3/06)

The failure of the long rains in late 2005 has left at least 11 million east Africans vulnerable to a severe drought and debilitating food shortages. As animals die due to lack of water and pasture, the people who depend on their livestock for milk, meat, and income are growing hungrier by the day.

07 Mar 2006 description

By ISN Security Watch staff in Nairobi and Khartoum (07/03/06)

With conflict rife in Sudan's troubled Darfur, and peace still tenuous in the south, another of Sudan's marginalized regions could be set to erupt. Eastern Sudan ostensibly exhibits many of the same traits that led to war in Darfur since 2003 and in southern Sudan from 1983-2005.

Claims of marginalization exacerbated by national and local ethnic differences and clashes over natural resources has contributed to the conflicts southern Sudan and Darfur.