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16 Apr 2012 description

In January 2011, after years of civil war, the people of South Sudan voted overwhelmingly for separation from the Republic of Sudan. The Republic of South Sudan obtained its independence six months later, on 9 July 2011.

19 Dec 2011 description

On July 9, 2011, the Republic of South Sudan became Africa’s newest independent state. Among the many issues that were supposed to have been resolved before the formal secession of the new state—in fact, before the January 9 referendum that approved its creation—was the question of citizenship, and the rules for determining who would become a member of the new entity. This never happened.

23 Aug 2011 description

August 22, 2011 | by Alison Cole

As fighting continued in the Libyan capital Tripoli, the International Criminal Court said on Monday that Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the ICC prosecutor, has been in contact with the country’s Transitional National Council regarding the three top Libyan leaders sought on war crime charges—the besieged Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam Qaddafi, and Abdullah al-Senussi, the former head of Libyan military intelligence.

07 Jul 2011 description

Reducing Troops Would Put Civilians at Risk, Global Coalition Warns

(New York, July 6, 2011) – The United Nations should ensure that peacekeepers have a strong mandate to protect civilians and should increase the number of troops deployed to South Sudan after the country becomes independent on July 9, 2011, a global coalition of eight international nongovernmental organizations said today.

12 Apr 2011 description
Letter to President Obama regarding US implementation of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008

Obama Administration Fails to Secure Progress in Key African Countries

(Washington, DC, April 12, 2011) – The Obama administration should make good on its pledge to work with recipients of US military assistance to end their use of child soldiers, four leading human rights and humanitarian organizations said in a letter to President Barack Obama released today.

08 Feb 2011 description

Following the genocide in Rwanda, many activists in the West resolved never to let such crimes happen again. And when evidence of mass atrocities began to filter out of Darfur a decade later, they acted.

03 Feb 2011 description

February 3, 2011 | by Tracey Gurd

Around the world, there are an estimated 5 million children without access to citizenship. The impact is enormous. These "stateless" children are denied the basic services most of us take for granted-education and health care, for starters-and most grow up in extreme poverty. Without rights, they are left vulnerable to a wide range of dangers, including trafficking and exploitation.

06 Aug 2010 description

August 6, 2010 | by James A. Goldston

In recent weeks the International Criminal Court has once again sparked controversy, first by charging Sudan's President Omar-al-Bashir with genocide, then by threatening to abort its first trial and free a Congolese warlord. Shortly thereafter, the African Union refused the ICC's request to open a liaison office in Addis Ababa, and called on member states not to arrest Bashir.

01 Jun 2010 description

June 1, 2010 | by Wairagala Wakabi

This week more than a thousand delegates are converging on the Ugandan capital, Kampala, for a crucial meeting to review the performance of the International Criminal Court (ICC) eight years into its existence. The delegates will also consider making amendments to the Rome Statute that established the court.

The ICC matters, not least because it is the sole independent permanent court with the mandate to try genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

11 May 2010 description

by Alexandra Kirby

Whether it's Afghanistan or Colombia, drug-producing countries face strikingly similar challenges: severe control policies push communities deeper into poverty, worsen conflicts, cause rights violations, uproot people, and damage the environment.

At this year's annual conference of the International Harm Reduction Association in Liverpool in April, Damon Barrett, a senior human rights analyst for the IHRA, moderated a panel of experts from Latin America and Southeast Asia.

Harm reduction strategies-such as easily accessible supplies of clean needles, …

23 Apr 2010 description

Abstract

In its short life, the International Criminal Court (ICC) has issued public warrants of arrest for 14 persons, launched two trials and provoked controversy across the globe. Much unease about the Court boils down to one issue: how should the Prosecutor decide, among thousands of crimes and perpetrators within his jurisdiction, which ones to charge? To date, considerable discussion about the ICC has taken place in an atmosphere of unreality ill-served to educate and inform.

21 Oct 2009 description

By Bronwen Manby

Summary

Laws and practices governing citizenship in too many African countries effectively leave hundreds of thousands of people without a nationality.

21 Oct 2009 description

First comprehensive analysis of Africa's citizenship laws highlights consequences of gender and ethnic discrimination

(Kampala, Uganda, 21 October 2009) - The lack of citizenship rights generates conflict and undermines democracy in many countries in Africa, according to two new studies by the Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Une analyse complète des lois sur la nationalité en Afrique met en exergue les conséquences de la discrimination basée sur le genre et l'appartenance ethnique

(Kampala, Ouganda, 21 octobre 2009) - L'absence de droits en matière de nationalité engendre des conflits et affaiblit la démocratie dans de nombreux pays africains, d'après deux nouvelles études réalisées par l'Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Par Bronwen Manby

Résumé

Dans un trop grand nombre de pays africains, les lois et pratiques régissant la nationalité ont pour effet de laisser des centaines de milliers de gens sans nationalité. Les apatrides africains constituent l'un des groupes des populations les plus vulnérables du continent. Ils ne peuvent ni voter ni se présenter à des élections ; ils ne peuvent ni inscrire leurs enfants à l'école, ni voyager librement ou posséder une propriété foncière ; ils ne peuvent pas être employés par l'État ; ils sont exposés aux violations des droits humains.