Appeals & Response Plans
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2018
- Sudan: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Nov 2013
- Sudan: Flash Floods - Aug 2013
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Most read reports
- Sudan: Humanitarian Funds come together to help people support themselves
- SUDAN - South West of Sudan and North-East South-Sudan - OCBA projects
- 400 Ethiopian refugees arrive in Sudan following ethnic clashes: official
- Sudan: Population Dashboard - Refugees from South Sudan (as of 31 October 2018)
- Security Council Adopts Resolution 2445 (2018), Extending Mandate of United Nations Interim Security Force in Abyei
Hopes that the August 2015 peace agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government of Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) of Riek Machar would end the conflict in South Sudan collapsed with the return to fighting on 8 July 2016. A year later the fighting has continued and spread, the humanitarian crisis has deepened, and the international peacemakers are reduced to making appeals to end the violence that are ignored.
The chaos that engulfed Libya following the collapse of the Qaddafi regime has attracted fighters from northern Chad and Darfur, placing the Chad–Sudan–Libya triangle at the centre of a regional system of armed conflicts. This has led to the re-emergence since 2011 of a regional market for cross-border combatants. These ‘guns for hire’ offer their services as militiamen, rebels, mercenaries, traffickers, and bandits.
Following fighting in Juba in July 2016 and Riek Machar’s flight into the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the peace agreement between the Government of South Sudan and opposition forces has not only collapsed but has led to new conflict in Greater Equatoria, along the DRC border, according to a new report from the Small Arms Survey.
A new report from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project examines the history of Sudan’s militia strategy and the role of paramilitaries and militias in the country’s armed conflicts, notably in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. It also discusses the long-term economic, political, and social costs of Sudan’s militia strategy for the state and society, as well as its implications for any future security sector reform process in Sudan.
Key findings include the following:
Policing in South Sudan
Transformation Challenges and Priorities
I. Introduction and key findings
Legitimacy, exclusion, and power
Taban Deng Gai and the South Sudan peace process
The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan project is pleased to release two new publications and a new portal of archival research. Please see below for descriptions and URL links.
Symposium Report on the Future of Human Security in Sudan and South Sudan, “Learning from a Decade of Empirical Research”
The Small Arms Survey’s mission is to provide authoritative, policy-relevant information and analysis to help inform policies and programmes. The Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project for Sudan and South Sudan benefits from a network of expert researchers and peer reviewers, and receives feedback from practitioners and others with valuable insights.
Introduction and key findings
The UN arms embargo on Darfur— imposed in 2004, expanded in 2005, and elaborated in 2010 with additional due-diligence requirements—has demonstrably failed to prevent the delivery of materiel to Darfur’s armed actors. A transnational supply chain based in locations as diverse as the remote Central African trading town of Am Dafok and the commercial centres of Dubai continues to furnish weapons, ammunition, and other military equipment to all sides in a 14-year-old conflict.
Since the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations released its seminal report in 2000, UN peacekeeping missions have grown considerably in size and complexity. More than 100,000 uniformed personnel were serving in these missions as of November 2015, an increase of 300 per cent since 2000. These soldiers and police officers are operating in challenging environments, often in underdeveloped countries amidst violent armed groups with little interest for political compromise and no compunctions about attacking their perceived enemies, including UN forces.
Describing events through 24 January 2016
Updated on 9 February 2016
By Laura M. James
I. Introduction and key findings
Oil and security in Sudan and South Sudan are, in the words of one former oil minister, ‘two faces of the same coin’.1 At the international, regional, national, state, and community levels, it is possible to trace how oil exploration, extraction, and exploitation have contributed to insecurity, both directly and indirectly.
In an article and a documentary released in August, National Geographic documented the journey of specially constructed fake tusks from southeastern Central African Republic (CAR) to a small town in Darfur via the disputed enclave of Kafia Kingi. The fake tusks, embedded with GPS-emitting devices, were planted by National Geographic journalists near the small town of Mboki in CAR. After 53 days, the tusks were recorded for the last time in the East Darfur town of Ed Daein, 590 miles northeast of Mboki and about 90 miles southwest of Nyala, the capital of South Darfur state.
This paper describes the establishment, evolution, and internal dynamics of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in Opposition (SPLM-IO) following the events of December 2013; the distinct motivations and objectives of its political and military leaderships; and the state of the organization immediately prior to the signing of the compromise peace agreement brokered by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in August 2015.
The deployment of United Nations (UN) Blue Helmets (comprising police and military personnel) has reached record highs, numbering at least 100,000. More than one in four Blue Helmets serving in the 16 current UN peacekeeping operations is deployed in South Sudan or Sudan. The Small Arms Survey recently reviewed the 11 peace operations1 undertaken in these two countries from 2002 to 2014. It focused on those authorized by the African Union (AU) and the UN.
The conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile (the ‘Two Areas’) between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ Army-North (SPLM/A-N) has entered its fourth year, characterized by continuous high-intensity military action and air attacks.