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17 Oct 2017 description
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Introduction

Hopes that the August 2015 peace agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government of Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) of Riek Machar would end the conflict in South Sudan collapsed with the return to fighting on 8 July 2016. A year later the fighting has continued and spread, the humanitarian crisis has deepened, and the international peacemakers are reduced to making appeals to end the violence that are ignored.

27 Jun 2017 description
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The chaos that engulfed Libya following the collapse of the Qaddafi regime has attracted fighters from northern Chad and Darfur, placing the Chad–Sudan–Libya triangle at the centre of a regional system of armed conflicts. This has led to the re-emergence since 2011 of a regional market for cross-border combatants. These ‘guns for hire’ offer their services as militiamen, rebels, mercenaries, traffickers, and bandits.

19 May 2017 description
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Following fighting in Juba in July 2016 and Riek Machar’s flight into the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the peace agreement between the Government of South Sudan and opposition forces has not only collapsed but has led to new conflict in Greater Equatoria, along the DRC border, according to a new report from the Small Arms Survey.

20 Apr 2017 description
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A new report from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project examines the history of Sudan’s militia strategy and the role of paramilitaries and militias in the country’s armed conflicts, notably in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. It also discusses the long-term economic, political, and social costs of Sudan’s militia strategy for the state and society, as well as its implications for any future security sector reform process in Sudan.

Key findings include the following:

24 Mar 2017 description
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Policing in South Sudan

Transformation Challenges and Priorities

15 Dec 2016 description
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Legitimacy, exclusion, and power

Taban Deng Gai and the South Sudan peace process

02 Nov 2016 description
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The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan project is pleased to release two new publications and a new portal of archival research. Please see below for descriptions and URL links.
 
Symposium Report on the Future of Human Security in Sudan and South Sudan, “Learning from a Decade of Empirical Research”
 

11 Aug 2016 description
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The Small Arms Survey’s mission is to provide authoritative, policy-relevant information and analysis to help inform policies and programmes. The Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project for Sudan and South Sudan benefits from a network of expert researchers and peer reviewers, and receives feedback from practitioners and others with valuable insights.

12 Jul 2016 description
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Introduction and key findings

The UN arms embargo on Darfur— imposed in 2004, expanded in 2005, and elaborated in 2010 with additional due-diligence requirements—has demonstrably failed to prevent the delivery of materiel to Darfur’s armed actors. A transnational supply chain based in locations as diverse as the remote Central African trading town of Am Dafok and the commercial centres of Dubai continues to furnish weapons, ammunition, and other military equipment to all sides in a 14-year-old conflict.

27 Apr 2016 description
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Since the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations released its seminal report in 2000, UN peacekeeping missions have grown considerably in size and complexity. More than 100,000 uniformed personnel were serving in these missions as of November 2015, an increase of 300 per cent since 2000. These soldiers and police officers are operating in challenging environments, often in underdeveloped countries amidst violent armed groups with little interest for political compromise and no compunctions about attacking their perceived enemies, including UN forces.

16 Feb 2016 description
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Describing events through 24 January 2016

Updated on 9 February 2016

20 Nov 2015 description
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By Laura M. James

I. Introduction and key findings

Oil and security in Sudan and South Sudan are, in the words of one former oil minister, ‘two faces of the same coin’.1 At the international, regional, national, state, and community levels, it is possible to trace how oil exploration, extraction, and exploitation have contributed to insecurity, both directly and indirectly.

05 Oct 2015 description
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In an article and a documentary released in August, National Geographic documented the journey of specially constructed fake tusks from southeastern Central African Republic (CAR) to a small town in Darfur via the disputed enclave of Kafia Kingi. The fake tusks, embedded with GPS-emitting devices, were planted by National Geographic journalists near the small town of Mboki in CAR. After 53 days, the tusks were recorded for the last time in the East Darfur town of Ed Daein, 590 miles northeast of Mboki and about 90 miles southwest of Nyala, the capital of South Darfur state.

01 Oct 2015 description
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This paper describes the establishment, evolution, and internal dynamics of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in Opposition (SPLM-IO) following the events of December 2013; the distinct motivations and objectives of its political and military leaderships; and the state of the organization immediately prior to the signing of the compromise peace agreement brokered by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in August 2015.

02 Sep 2015 description
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The deployment of United Nations (UN) Blue Helmets (comprising police and military personnel) has reached record highs, numbering at least 100,000. More than one in four Blue Helmets serving in the 16 current UN peacekeeping operations is deployed in South Sudan or Sudan. The Small Arms Survey recently reviewed the 11 peace operations1 undertaken in these two countries from 2002 to 2014. It focused on those authorized by the African Union (AU) and the UN.

25 Aug 2015 description
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The conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile (the ‘Two Areas’) between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ Army-North (SPLM/A-N) has entered its fourth year, characterized by continuous high-intensity military action and air attacks.