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25 Mar 2010 description

Walter Kälin, Representative of the UN Secretary General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons and Co-director , Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement

Addressing Internal Displacement in Peace Processes and Agreements Launch Event

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen,

A police officer guards a gate where ethnic Tamils will vote at a polling station in Manik Farm camp for the internally displaced in Vavuniya.

Let me start with two short quotes:

"The exclusion of IDPs from peace processes is both unjust and unwise. ...

25 Mar 2010 description

By: Roberta Cohen

Introduction

The concept of the responsibility to protect (R2P) developed in large measure from efforts to design an international system to protect internally displaced persons (IDPs).

The explosion of civil wars emanating from and following the Cold War brought into view millions of persons inside their own countries who were uprooted from their homes and in need of international protection and assistance. Many had little or no access to food, medicine or shelter and were vulnerable to assault, sexual violence, and all manner of human rights abuse.

23 Oct 2009 description

Meeting at the Special Summit of the African Union in Kampala, Uganda on 22-23 October 2009, African heads of state and government have undertaken significant commitments to solve one of the continent's (and the world's) most pressing humanitarian crises-the displacement of an estimated 11.6 million men, women, and children within the borders of their own countries.

05 Jun 2009 description

2008 marked the 10th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement which was an occasion both to commemorate efforts over the past decade to uphold the human rights of IDPs and to remind ourselves that much remains to be done. There are still an estimated 26 million people who have been forced from their communities by conflict and many more who have been displaced by natural disasters and large-scale development projects.

20 Apr 2009 description

INTRODUCTION

Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo's July 2008 request to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to issue an arrest warrant for President al Bashir of Sudan on charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide sparked a firestorm of praise, criticism, anxiety, and relief in equal measure among peacekeepers, aid workers, diplomats, and human rights activists. Opponents of the Prosecutor's move argued that it amounted to a call for regime-change and would imperil any future peace negotiations and the still-incomplete deployment of peacekeepers.

16 Feb 2009 description

Hady Amr, Director, Brookings Doha Center
Elizabeth Ferris, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy

28 Oct 2008 description

In recent years, studies have been carried out, campaigns have been launched, and considerable thought has gone into how to resolve protracted refugee situations. Academics and practitioners alike have grappled with the difficulties in finding solutions for refugees who have lived in camps for far too long.

While millions of IDPs, like refugees, have languished in camps for extended periods of time, protracted IDP situations have received virtually no attention from academic researchers.

16 Oct 2008 description

Carlos Pascual, Vice President and Director, Foreign Policy

26 Sep 2008 description

Elizabeth Ferris, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy

Searching for Peace and Justice in Sudan: The Role of the International Criminal Court

September 26, 2008 - "Whenever the Save Darfur Coalition launches a new campaign, we feel it on the ground," a representative of an operational humanitarian NGO told me.

16 Sep 2008 description

INTRODUCTION

Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are the best placed to articulate their needs and evaluate the national, regional and international responses to those needs,(1) but most decisions on situations of internal displacement still do not sufficiently reflect their thinking.

The purpose of this report is to make better known how IDPs view the major issues affecting them. Listening to their voices is important because:

- The special needs of IDPs are often different from those of other war affected populations.

07 May 2008 description

By Elizabeth Ferris

Darfur has been on the international agenda for the past four years and despite the advocacy campaigns, the growing public awareness, the large and expensive relief operations, and (eventual) Security Council action, the war is far from over. In this presentation, I would like to review some of the things we know about Darfur, highlight the complexities of the situation and explain some of the consequences of Darfur for Darfur, Sudan, and the international community. Unfortunately, I can say at the outset that I'm not going to come up with solutions for Darfur.

06 May 2008 description

by Jacquie Kiggundu, Junior Professional Consultant and Research Assistant

Introduction

30 Nov 2007 description

Introduction

Bruising debates within the human rights and humanitarian communities have centered on the numbers who have died in Darfur, the use of the term genocide, the efficacy of military versus political solutions and the extent to which human rights advocacy can undermine humanitarian programmes on the ground.

Essential to effective planning in an emergency is knowing the scope of the disaster, the number of civilians who died, and from what cause.

30 Sep 2007 description

September 2007 - Internally displaced persons (IDPs) were central to the humanitarian reform initiated by Jan Egeland, then-Emergency Relief Coordinator in 2005. It was widely recognized that the collaborative approach which had been developed to assign institutional responsibilities for IDPs was not working. Humanitarian reform was intended to "fill the gaps" in humanitarian response - particularly for IDPs -- but over time it became something else.

09 Aug 2007 description

The Security Council's July 31 resolution on Darfur is the strongest so far. To begin with, it was unanimously adopted, which sharply contrasts with earlier resolutions, whose authority was undercut by the abstentions of China, Russia or members of the Arab League. Second, it promises nearly to quadruple the number of troops and police on the ground from the current 7,000 African Union (AU) forces, which proved insufficient to Darfur's size, to 26,000 AU/United Nations forces.

15 Mar 2007 description

STATEMENT BY ROBERTA COHEN
NON-RESIDENT SENIOR FELLOW AND SENIOR ADVISER
BROOKINGS-BERN PROJECT ON INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT

PANEL ON THE DISPLACEMENT FROM DARFUR:
THE LEGAL AND HUMAN IMPLICATIONS

08 Feb 2007 description

Testimony for the Record Susan E. Rice, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution, Before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, February 8, 2007

Mr. Chairman, distinguished members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to provide testimony on the vitally important issue of the escalating crisis in Darfur. Let me also take this opportunity to thank you, Mr.