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30 Jun 2009 description

Policy Brief 4 2009

Jon Harald Sand Lie and Benjamin de Carvalho


Ever since the concept of the Protection of Civilians (PoC) was coined by then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in an attempt to place civilians in armed conflict at the core of UN peacekeeping, there have been diverging interpretations of the meaning of the concept and its intended application. Simply put, PoC has meant different things in theory at UN headquarters and practice in the field.

06 Jul 2007 description

[Abstract] Militias and other armed groups embody a special dimension in warfare that transcends the classic inter-state and intra-state (government/guerrilla movement) disputes of the past. These militarised entities are prone to pursue conflict first and foremost in terms of local interests, which make them notoriously difficult to manage in the context of post-conflict transitions to peace, and as a consequent pose particular challenges for DDR programmes.

01 Jan 2007 description

The report analyses the international engagement in Sudan since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in relation to the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations, which the OECD/DAC is currently developing. The report concludes that donor coordination has been quite advanced in Sudan, with a number of innovative mechanisms tried out. Furthermore, there has been a concerted effort towards contributing to the building of the South Sudan state.