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Joint EU-African Migration Policy Fundamentally Flawed, New Approach Needed
The joint EU-Africa policy on migration from Eritrea and the Horn of Africa is in urgent need of reform, according to a new report from the International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI), The Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), and The Centre for Human Rights Law at SOAS, University of London.
Despite mounting evidence of inhumane treatment faced by Eritreans, both within and outside Eritrea, the EU is doing all it can to prevent them from reaching its shores, says a new report published today by Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF).
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 15 December 2016
The European Union invests €170 million to tackle instability and irregular migration in the Horn of Africa
The European Commission has today approved a package of 11 new actions under the EU Trust Fund for Africa to improve stability and address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement in the Horn of Africa region.
Key mixed migration characteristics
Eritrea is solely a country of origin. Its role in the region as transit or destination country is negligible.
The prolonged national service obligation coupled with poor economic conditions continues to fuel migration of especially young Eritreans.
Eritreans have fled the country in large numbers since the 1960s as a result of war, poverty and a lack of freedom. The 30-year long Independence war produced a diaspora of over a million people, mostly based in Sudan, the Middle East, Europe and the US. Significant numbers displaced during this war returned after Independence in 1993 and throughout the remainder of the 1990s.
Eritrea is one of the most repressive states in the world and the refugee camps offer little freedom or safety, but enslavement and abuse instead.
Television journalist Temesghen Debesai had waited years for an opportunity to make his escape from Eritrea, so when the country’s ministry of information sent him on a journalism training course in Bahrain he was delighted, but fearful too.
GENEVA, November 14 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency on Friday said the number of asylum-seekers in Europe from Eritrea over the first 10 months of this year has risen threefold compared to the same period in 2013. In Ethiopia and Sudan, neighbouring Eritrea, the number of Eritrean refugees has also increased sharply.
UNHCR Operational Highlights for May 2014
• Completion of Child Protection and Best Interest Assessment Training in Umkulu Refugee Camp
• UNHCR Eritrea signed Annual Work Plan for 2014 with the National Union of Eritrean Women for a Joint Programme on Gender and Advancement of Women in Eritrea
• Inauguration of Umkulu Demonstration Center for Urban and Peri-Urban Horticulture
• Conduction of Child Protection Training in Umkulu Refugee Camp
UNHCR Operational Highlights for April 2014
Resettlement cases for 167 Somali refugees forwarded to the United States of America for future movements
Construction of 10 permanent shelter in Umkulu Refugee camp completed
Demonstration center on Urban and Peri-Urban Horticulture set up in Umkulu Refugee Camp
Poultry and Goat/Sheep beneficiaries formed their respective Self-Help Groups and nominated office bearers
KASSALA, Sudan, 16 April (UNHCR) – After 20 members of her religious congregation were imprisoned in Eritrea, Semret knew she had to flee to the safety of Sudan. The 25-year-old woman left on foot with a smuggler recommended by a friend – straight into a tragedy.
The Pentecostal church is among many denominations suffering severe restrictions. Anyone practising outside the four approved religions of Orthodox Christianity, Sunni Islam, Catholicism and Lutheranism can face prison, threats and harassment.
Each month thousands of men, women, and children flee Eritrea as a result of grave violations of human rights committed by the Eritrean government. Traveling via Sudan and Egypt, 36,000 Eritreans have made their way to Israel over the past six years, via a well-organized network of people smugglers and human traffickers. For the last two years, Israeli, Egyptian, and international human rights organizations have reported severe torture and abuse of Eritreans being held hostage in the Sinai by these traffickers.
By Saikou Jammeh
BANJUL , Jun 22 2013 (IPS) - In February 2013, 20-year-old Mohamed*, like hundreds of thousands of other Eritreans, fled the brutal dictatorship in that East African nation in search of a better life in neighbouring Sudan.
But for Mohamed and others like him, escaping into neighbouring countries has brought no end to their suffering. Many of them have become the victims of human traffickers and Mohamed’s family believes that this was his fate too.
Eritrea is considered one of the most repressive countries in the world; Freedom House, in its annual ranking of countries based on democratic freedom, considers Eritrea “one of the worst of the worst”. Since gaining independence from Ethiopia twenty years ago, the destitute and politically isolated country is often accused by international human rights groups of unlawful executions, tor-ture, and citizen detention.
April 28, 2013 (KHARTOUM) - Eritrean women fleeing their country’s oppressive regime are increasingly finding themselves the repeat victim of abuse, exploitation and violence once outside their homeland, a new report by a women’s rights group has found.
This document provides an overview of developments in the Mediterranean Basin and other regions of interest from 05—18 February 2013, with hyperlinks to source material highlighted and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members of the Med Basin Team, or visit our website at www.cimicweb.org
Inside this Issue
In Focus 1
North Africa 2
Northeast Africa 4
Horn of Africa 5
Eritreans Pushed Back to Egypt, Despite Risk of Abuse
The report “Louder than words: An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers” is published to mark the tenth anniversary year of the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. It examines the record of states in protecting children from use in hostilities by their own forces and by state-allied armed groups. It finds that, while governments’ commitment to ending child soldier use is high, the gap between commitment and practice remains wide.
Refugees smuggled with arms from Eritrea to Sinai face weeks of torture as captives of criminal gangs – under noses of the UN
Read the full article in the Guardian.
At least 17 people were arrested yesterday in Tel Aviv for acts of violence against African immigrants during a demonstration against the presence of asylum seekers and illegal migrants in Israel, from various African nations.
According to the Haaretz newspaper, Some 1,000 protesters rallied in Tel Aviv’s Hatikva neighborhood, where numerous people from Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan live.