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31 Dec 2006 description
  1. Introduction

    This independant evaluation examined the work of the World Food Programme Emergency Operation (EMOP) in Darfur in Western Sudan from April 2004 to December 2005. The purposes of this evaluation were threefold:

    - Accountability not just to WFP's Executive Board and donors, but to the extent possible and practical, to beneficiaries and cooperating partners. In the discussions in Rome prior to the start of the fieldwork WFP's Office of Evaluation stressed that accountability should be the primary focus of this evaluation.

    - Guidance for the operation.

31 Dec 2006 description

En el origen del proyecto que ha dado lugar a la creación del Observatorio de la Acción Humanitaria percibíamos la necesidad de hacer un seguimiento estable de la acción humanitaria en nuestro país, compartiendo un sentimiento muy extendido por aquellos que buscan la mejora del trabajo solidario a través de la reflexión, la discusión franca y la crítica (y autocrítica). Con esa intención los Informes anuales, iniciados con el análisis de 2003, pretenden ir cubriendo ese hueco, con clara vocación de permanencia y de apertura a la colaboración con la comunidad humanitaria española.

31 Dec 2006 description

Agricultural Training Supports Southern Families

Due to insecurity, unpredictable weather extremes, a high number of returnees, and limited resources, food production is an acute challenge for many families in Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan. To assist these communities in reviving their agricultural livelihoods, USAID partner Food for the Hungry International (FHI) is working to restore food security for more than 10,000 families-approximately 80,000 people-in Upper Nile.

Under the USAID-funded program, FHI works in coordination with three Sudanese nongovernmental organizations to …

31 Dec 2006 description

2007 WORK PLAN FOR SUDAN

The 2007 Work Plan for Sudan, the planning, funding and coordination document conceived jointly by the UN, NGOs and Government, was launched in Geneva and Khartoum in December by Deputy Special Representative to the Secretary- General and Humanitarian/Resident Coordinator Manuel Aranda da Silva and representatives from the Government.

31 Dec 2006 description

1. HIGHLIGHTS

Lack of access for humanitarian operations in Darfur: The problem and challenge of inaccessibility in Darfur continued in December unchanged.

31 Dec 2006 description
report Oxfam

"Vous ne devez pas expliquer à ces enfants ce que c'est la guerre. Ils l'ont vécue », raconte Abakar Adam, professeur dans une école coranique dans l'un des blocs qui constituent le camp de réfugiés de Djabal, au Tchad oriental. « Leurs villages ont été attaqués et ils ont expérimenté la peur. Je n'ai pas besoin de leur expliquer pourquoi ils sont là.

31 Dec 2006 description
report Oxfam

"You don't have to explain to these children what war is - they've lived it," says Abakar Adam, a professor at a Koranic school in one of the blocks that makes up the Djabal Refugee Camp in Eastern Chad. "They have seen their villages attacked and they have experienced fear.

31 Dec 2006 description

Inside this issue:

- December Achievements

- Mine Incidents

- To Date Key Achievements

- Funding Update

Juba Customs Market Cleared

In February 2005 an ammunition bunker exploded in the centre of Juba town, causing massive damage in the immediate area and throwing out thousands of items of ordnance. The explosion killed 39 people and injured 90. Significant damage was inflicted on the Custom Market, destroying three quarters of this important city center.

31 Dec 2006 description
report Tufts University
A Situation Analysis of the Ongoing Conflict and its Continuing Impact on Livelihoods

31 Dec 2006 description

Chapter 1

Introduction and background

This Discussion Paper is part of a study on 'protection in practice' by the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). The study aims to examine current practice in humanitarian protection and explore strategies, programmes and initiatives undertaken in different contexts to support the protection of civilians.

31 Dec 2006 description
report Small Arms Survey

On 5 May 2006 the Government of Sudan (GoS) and one rebel group, SLM-Minawi, signed the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA). This ceasefi re and peace agreement was the result of intense pressure from the international community and the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council on both the parties and the mediators in the hope of ending the killing and human rights violations in Darfur. Six previous rounds of talks and the agreements they produced had failed to accomplish this.

Yet it quickly became apparent that, like previous agreements, the DPA was doomed to fail.

31 Dec 2006 description
report UN Children's Fund

Darfur Overview

Insecurity

Breaches of the ceasefire provisions of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) continued in November and December. November saw the build up of militia rumoured to be supported by the Government of Sudan (GoS) and increased fighting between rebel groups.

31 Dec 2006 description

Highlights

- Over 2,26 million children vaccinated against Polio during the last round of National Immunization Days (NIDS) with a coverage of 99.2%.

- Guinea Worm survey conducted by Polio NIDS volunteers among targeted children

WHO delegation visits Juba

Senior WHO officers from the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) and the WHO Representative of Sudan visited Juba, Southern Sudan from December 6 to 9, 2006 to liaise with the Ministry of Health of the Government of Southern Sudan and be updated on the activities of WHO Southern Sudan.

31 Dec 2006 description
report Oxfam

"Life has changed much around here," says Fatima with a proud twinkle in her eyes as she walks around the Djabal refugee camp in Eastern Chad. The site is located just a few dozen kilometers from the border with the Sudanese region of Darfur, which she and her family fled three years ago. Here Fatima and the rest of the refugees have begun to take control of their lives.

As a result Djabal is clean and orderly and Fatima has developed the confidence of an active woman who works for her community and earns a little money for her children.

31 Dec 2006 description

Note: Map production date estimated.

29 Dec 2006 description

Note: The last situation report was dated December 15, 2006.

BACKGROUND

In 2006, Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, displacement, and insecurity. The formation of the joint Government of National Unity (GNU) was a requirement of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that the former Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) signed in January 2005, officially ending Africa's longest running civil war.

29 Dec 2006 description
report IRIN

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

NAIROBI, 29 December (IRIN) - Conflicts between communities and the large-scale movement of people could affect food supplies in 2007 despite recent harvests, a food early warning agency has warned.

According to the Food Early Warning System (FEWS Net), food security has improved in the northern parts of southern Sudan, but insecurity and population resettlement threaten the recent gains in Aweil East, West, North and South counties; in Northern Bahr El Gazal state; parts of Warrap state; and Wuror, Diror, …

29 Dec 2006 description
report European Union

S363/06 REV

Brussels, 29 December 2006 - Javier Solana, EU High Representative for the CFSP, welcomes the acceptance, by the authorities of Sudan, of UN support arrangements for the African Union Force in Darfur

The High Representative welcomes President Bechir's acceptance of UN support measures to the African Union force in Darfur, in particular the deployment of a hybrid international force (African Union/United Nations).

These measures must now be fully and urgently implemented in order to contribute to solve the crisis in Darfur.

It is clear that these measures …

29 Dec 2006 description
report European Union

S363/06

Bruxelles, le 29 décembre 2006 - Le SG/HR salue l'acceptation, par le président Béchir, des mesures de soutien des Nations Unies à la force de l'Union Africaine dans le Darfour, et notamment le déploiement d'une force internationale hybride (Union Africaine/ONU).

Ces mesures doivent maintenant, de manière urgente, être intégralement mises en oeuvre afin de contribuer à la résolution de la crise du Darfour.

Il va de soi que ces mesures n'auront de sens que si les parties au conflit s'engagent à respecter un véritable cessez-le-feu, préalable à des …