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31 Dec 2007 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The Karamojong live astride the borders of Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The estimated 1.4 million members of the pastoral and agro-pastoral ethnic groups who constitute what is known as the Karamoja Cluster mostly share a common language and culture. They have long been politically and economically marginalized and exploited. Successive colonial and post-independence regimes have failed to understand the root causes of cattle raiding and arms trafficking in the region or to seek any non-violent responses to endemic violence and anarchy.

31 Dec 2007 description

Sudanese Mine Clearance NGO receives UNMAS Grant

Muluk Ruya Abugrenat joined the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) when he was seventeen years old. Initially trained as a military engineer and, during the civil war in Sudan, appointed head of the engineering unit, he was also trained by and worked for an international organization in Sudan as a deminer in 1998.

31 Dec 2007 description
report Tufts University

Summary

The study sought to document and analyze community responses to recent violence and local efforts to bring about relative security in Ikotos County, Eastern Equatoria, South Sudan.

31 Dec 2007 description

INTRODUCTION

From Afghanistan to Sudan, WFP is on the frontline of crises across the globe.

31 Dec 2007 description

The African Union Mission Transfers Authority to the International Force in a Historic Ceremony in El Fasher

UNAMID Press Release #1 (2007)

El Fasher / N. Darfur - The Joint United Nations / African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) has formally taken over from the African Union Mission in the Sudan (AMIS) in an official ceremony at the new mission headquarters in El Fasher, this morning.

The ceremony kicked off with a formal salutation of the flag of the African Union, before it was lowered.

31 Dec 2007 description
report UN Mission in Sudan

Special Representative of the Secretary-General Ashraf Qazi Attends Ceremony for Transfer of Authority from AMIS to UNAMID, Stresses Need for Comprehensive Peace in Sudan.

SRSG Ashraf Qazi attended the ceremony held today in El Fasher, North Darfur, to mark the transfer of authority from the African Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to the UN/AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1769 (2007).

31 Dec 2007 description
report IRIN

SUDAN, 31 December 2007 (IRIN) - The transformation at the start of 2008 of the African Union's peacekeeping force in Darfur into one jointly commanded by the UN will not significantly increase the number of troops on the ground and, say aid workers, do little to immediately improve the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

Under Security Council resolution 1769, passed 31 July 2007, the joint African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), is supposed to consist of up to 19,555 military personnel, 3,772 police officers and 5,105 civilians, making it one of the …

31 Dec 2007 description

Dec 31 (Reuters) - Ethiopia and Egypt will send 850 troops each early in the new year to serve with a joint United Nations-African Union force (UNAMID) in Sudan's troubled Darfur region, an AU official told Reuters on Monday.

The 26,000-strong mission will absorb a struggling AU force which has failed to stem the violence in Sudan's remote west.

31 Dec 2007 description
report UN News Service

The joint United Nations-African Union force set up to stem the violence in Darfur took the reigns today from the existing AU operation in the war-torn Sudanese region, but Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned that critical gaps remain in what will be the world body's largest peacekeeping operation at full strength.

The official transfer of authority from the AU Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to the hybrid force - with AU troops exchanging their green headgear for the UN's blue beret - took place at a ceremony in the North Darfur capital of El Fasher, the headquarters of the new …

31 Dec 2007 description

Polio Vaccination in Southern Sudan Over 2.7 Million under five children were vaccinated against polio

Polio National Immunization Days

Following the confirmation of importation of wild polio virus to South Darfur in October (Date of onset of paralysis on September 9), Southern Sudan conducted 2 rounds of NIDs in Oct/Nov and December. The NIDs in October were staggered in two phases- the first phase was conducted from 29-31 October 2007 and the second from 5-7 November 2007. The December round was conducted from 5-7.

31 Dec 2007 description

2007 a été une année de profonds changements pour le Comité d'Aide Médicale. Néanmoins, nous avons, une fois de plus, relevé le défi d'implanter des programmes malgré des situations souvent difficiles et dans des conditions de plus en plus dangereuses. Dans un contexte toujours plus délicat et complexe, l'équipe du CAM, tant au siège à Montreuil, que sur le terrain, a souvent du trouver des solutions innovantes pour faire face aux nombreuses contraintes qui ont affecté l'implantation du programme.

31 Dec 2007 description

1. Background

Competition over land and natural resources has long been a source of tension between different groups in Sudan. In colonial times, confrontation mainly took place over land access, especially among pastoralists and between pastoralists and farmers. The British administration accepted customary rules over land, though the title to land was vested in the government. The Native Administration was delegated to arbitrate between different groups.

31 Dec 2007 description
1 September - 31 December 2007

The Regional Humanitarian Funding Update provides a quarterly overview of funding levels and trends in the countries of the Central and East African region (CEA) based on data reported to the Financial Tracking System (FTS)

The CEA region faces the greatest level of humanitarian need anywhere in the world.

31 Dec 2007 description

WHO/CDS/NTD/DCE/2007.1

INTRODUCTION

Recurrent drought following several poor rainy seasons has led to food insecurity and widespread malnutrition in the countries of the Horn of Africa region (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan). The public health and food security situation is poor. Poor nutrition, a rising number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and increasing incidence of other infectious diseases all contribute to high levels of morbidity and mortality in the subregion.

31 Dec 2007 description

As the north-south conflict unfolded in Sudan, displaced families from the south took refuge in squatter settlements and camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) on the outskirts of Khartoum. In these camps and settlements, IDPs have had little access to basic education and social services. Some children attend classes in neighboring communities, but for most families, the cost to transport their children to distant schools is prohibitive.

31 Dec 2007 description

Highlights

- Insecurity in Geneina locality, West Darfur, has significantly impacted humanitarian activity.

31 Dec 2007 description
report Tufts University

This report primarily draws on information from fieldwork conducted from 2005-2007 throughout Karamoja and in neighboring districts of Uganda, Sudan and Kenya. We interviewed over 900 individuals and carried out direct and participant observation in manyattas (the social, cultural, political, and economic unit for an extended family or several families), kraals (mobile cattle camps/fortified cattle enclosures) and town centers throughout Karamoja.