Appeals & Response Plans
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2018
- Sudan: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Nov 2013
- Sudan: Flash Floods - Aug 2013
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Most read reports
- Report of the Secretary-General on Situation in Abyei (S/2018/923) [EN/AR]
- Joint Mission Chief Outlines Concept for Supporting Consolidation of Stability as Security Council Considers Darfur
- Report of the Secretary-General on the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (S/2018/912) [EN/AR]
- Sudan renews adherence to unilateral ceasefire until end of year
- Sudan: Population & Operational Update: South Sudanese Refugee Response (1-30 September 2018)
Par le Centre d’études stratégiques de l’Afrique
19 octobre 2018
Les conflits sont un facteur central de la géographie de l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique. Plus un conflit se poursuit, plus l'acuité de cette insécurité s'aggrave.
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires interconnectées, dans un contexte de pauvreté chronique et de faible développement économique et social. La situation sécuritaire dans les pays voisins continue d’engendrer des mouvements de personnes vers le Tchad, en particulier au sud en provenance de la République Centrafricaine (RCA), ainsi que des déplacements internes dans la région du Lac. En outre le retour volontaire des réfugiés se poursuit, avec 353 réfugiés soudanais au Darfour et près de 4 000 réfugiés tchadiens du Soudan dans le Sila.
Chad faces interconnected humanitarian crises in a context of chronic poverty and low economic and social development. The security situation in neighbouring countries continues to generate population movements, particularly from the Central African Republic (CAR) in the south, as well as internal displacement in the Lac region . In addition, the voluntary return of refugees continues, with 353 Sudanese refugees back in Darfur and approximately 4,000 Chadian refugees from Sudan in the Sila region.
Clarifying the roles of the African Union (AU) and subregional organisations is a central element of the AU reforms. It is key in terms of managing expectations about what the AU can or cannot do, as well as coordinating Africa’s responses to avoid duplication of efforts. But this issue is also divisive, and it is unclear whether AU member states will reach a concrete decision on a division of labour at the upcoming extraordinary summit on reforms in Addis Ababa on 17 November.
This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence affecting the delivery of aid. It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence affecting protection of IDPs and refugees. It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
Central African Republic
Dans le Nord du Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis avril 2017 dans la ville de Kalait, suivi par l’installation de points de suivi à Faya et Zouarké en mars 2018. Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d’aout à Faya et Kalait et les mois de juillet-aout a Zouarke, dans le nord du Tchad. Au cours de cette période, une moyenne de 1 293 individus par jour a été observée. Cette augmentation soudaine des mouvements en août est due au fait que le gouvernement tchadien a ordonné à tous les migrants/individus de quitter immédiatement Kouri.
FACTS & FIGURES
Ranks 186 out of 188 countries in Human Development Index (UNDP)
4.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid (OCHA)
4 million people are food insecure, of which 1 million need emergency humanitarian assistance
446 000 refugees from Central African Republic, South Sudan, Nigeria and some 108 000 internally displaced (UNHCR)
EU humanitarian aid funding: €54.7 million in 2018 €309.5 million since 2013
"Access to education is a fundamental human right. It is essential to the acquisition of knowledge and to the full development of the human personality, as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states. More than that, education makes us more resilient and independent individuals."
Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Assemblée générale Deuxième Commission
Soixante-treizième session, 10e et 11e séances – matin & après-midi
GENERAL ASSEMBLY SECOND COMMITTEE
SEVENTY-THIRD SESSION, 10TH & 11TH MEETINGS (AM & PM)
Destructive impacts of climate change like droughts, floods and increasingly severe storms are the primary culprits behind decreased farming output and rising hunger worldwide, speakers told the Second Committee (Economic and Financial), as it took up agriculture, food security and nutrition today.
Tropical cyclone Luban is expected to bring heavy rains to Yemen and Oman
Africa Weather Hazards
Heavy rainfall in previous weeks has resulted in overflowing of the Niger and Benue Rivers of Nigeria. Moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast to continue, maintaining high risks for flooding.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, just under 950 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores, an 85 per cent reduction compared to 6,291 sea arrivals in September 2017. Monthly sea arrivals numbers in September 2018 were the lowest since February 2013.
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 3,254 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16 per cent of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first nine months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 13,800 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-September 2018 period (16 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-September 2017 (13 per cent).
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 persons arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, 947 persons reached Italian shores, most commonly departing from Tunisia. This is a significant reduction compared to the almost 6,300 refugees and migrant arrivals recorded at landing points in southern Italy in September 2017. The number of monthly sea arrivals in September 2018 is the lowest recorded since February 2013.
Overview and developments
Chad is a low-income, land-locked country that suffers from chronic food insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, lack of income-generating opportunities and limited access to social services. An estimated 4.4 million people in Chad require humanitarian assistance, according to the UN.
1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – September 2018
2,143 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
41,794 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include: