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A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rainfall and winds in the districts of Rusizi, Nyamasheke, Huye, Bugesera, Gicumbi, Ngoma, Kirehe, Rubavu and Nyabihu on 17 September 2017, resulted in destruction of houses and community farm lands. The most affected areas were in five districts: Rusizi and Nyamasheke (Western province); Ngoma and Bugesera (Eastern province); and Huye (Southern province).
The situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the world’s most complex and challenging yet forgotten crises. As of 31 May, over 772,000 Congolese refugees are being hosted in countries in Africa.
From 1 January to 31 May alone, some 104,351 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Uganda, Burundi and Zambia.
With a 38% stunting rate, Rwanda needs to accelerate progress on undernutrition, according to the latest economic update
The report notes that stunting rates are highest among the poorest households, and those living in rural areas
Recommendations include to adopt a pro-poor approach, targeting the poorest children and those under two years of age during the critical 1000-day window, beyond which stunting is largely irreversible
What is FFA?
The most food-insecure people often live in fragile and degraded landscapes and areas prone to recurrent natural shocks and other risks.
Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) is one of the WFP’s flagship initiatives aimed at addressing most food-insecure people’s immediate food needs with cash, voucher or food transfers and improving their long-term food security and resilience.
During the month of May 2018, 11,466 persons from South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi and other countries, arrived in Uganda—the majority from South Sudan.
Refugees from South Sudan report fleeing primarily out of fear of being killed by fighters from either side of the conflict inside the country, while those from DRC report violence related to the upcoming elections as main reason for departure.
*The figures presented reflect the refugee population covered by the Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan and includes Burundian refugees who fled since April 2015, as well as some 37,000 Burundian refugees who had sought asylum in the region prior to April 2015. In addition to the population above, there are some 13,200 Burundian refugees in Kenya, 4,800 in Mozambique, 3,600 in Malawi and 2,500 in Zambia who are assisted within the respective country-level programmes. A further 23,000 Burundian refugees, who have lived for decades in Tanzania, no longer receive assistance.
25 May 2018: In Kakuma town, Turkana county, an inter-clan fight at Kakuma refugee camp resulted in the death of a tribal chief and another person. Source: Radio Tamazuj
17 May 2018: In Dikwa town, Borno state, a suspected Boko Haram suicide bomber detonated his explosives at an open-air mosque in an internally displaced people (IDP) camp, killing at least four people and injuring 15 more. Source: Punch
Rotary members have changed the lives of thousands of refugees
By Ryan Hyland
The statistics are staggering. More than 28,000 people are uprooted from their homes each day as a result of war, oppression, and poverty. That’s nearly 20 people per minute.
By the end of 2016, an unprecedented 65.6 million people, from West Africa to South Asia, have been forcibly displaced, making it the world’s worst migrant crisis in history.
309,000 refugees living in camps in Tanzania
70,000 smallholder farmers to be assisted through Farm to Market Alliance
29,000 pregnant and nursing women and children under the age of two supported with food distributions and nutrition sensitization
US$58.4 m six months (JuneNovember 2018) net funding requirements
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2018
Le contexte humanitaire au Burundi s'est légèrement amélioré depuis le début de 2018 mais la situation reste cependant précaire notamment avec un niveau élevé de vulnérabilité. Le nombre de personnes en insécurité alimentaire est passé de 2,6 millions en juillet 2017 à 1,67 million en avril 2018 (15% de la population). Des facteurs climatiques favorables et par conséquence une amélioration de l’accès à l’alimentation sont les principaux facteurs de cette amélioration.
Suite à la notification d’une flambée de maladie à virus Ebola dans la province de l’Équateur, en République démocratique du Congo, le 5 mai 2018, l’OMS a réalisé une évaluation formelle rapide des risques qui a démontré que le risque pour la santé publique est élevé au niveau régional.
In an effort to boost agri-business and enhance food security in Africa, the African Development Bank Board has approved a US$15 million equity investment in Africa Food Security Fund (AFSF), to support enterprises in agri-business SMEs and enhance food security in Africa
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Average 2018B crop production despite significant pulse losses due to excess moisture
Widespread floods in April resulting in displacement of about 9 600 individuals
Above-average 2018A season output due to favourable weather conditions
Prices of maize declining in recent months to low levels, prices of beans on increase
About 1.67 million people estimated to be severely food insecure, 35 percent less than one year earlier, due to improved crop production
Au cours de la période considérée, les conditions de sécurité et la situation humanitaire en République démocratique du Congo ne se sont pas améliorées. Le Groupe d’experts a relevé deux facteurs importants de préoccupation. D’une part, les soldats de la paix ont été la cible de graves attaques dans tout le pays et, d ’autre part, des acteurs armés ont tiré parti du retard pris dans les opérations électorales pour promouvoir constamment la violence.
West Africa remains dry, while heavy rain is forecast over Kenya
Africa Weather Hazards
Poorly-distributed rain since late February has resulted in abnormal dryness across central and northeastern Ethiopia.
A slow onset to seasonal rainfall across the southern Gulf of Guinea countries has led to strengthening moisture deficits throughout the region.
Delays in seasonal rainfall across the southern Gulf of Guinea countries has led to strengthening moisture deficits throughout the region.
During the period under review, the security and humanitarian situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo did not improve. The Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo noted two major factors of concern: peacekeepers across the country faced serious attacks and armed actors continuously used the delay in the electoral process to promote acts of violence.
Following the notification of an Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 5 May 2018, WHO conducted a formal rapid risk assessment which determined that the public risk is high at the regional level.