This year plague came early to Madagascar and spread quickly. When it began to move out from the areas where it traditionally occurs, people became increasingly alarmed – both within the island nation and in neighbouring territories and countries.
From August to late October 2017, more than 1800 suspected, probable or confirmed plague cases were reported, resulting in 127 deaths. This outbreak is unusually severe, and there are still five more months to go before the end of the plague season.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
A plague outbreak in Madagascar has raised concern in neighbouring countries. As of 12 October, a total of 684 cases (suspected, probable and confirmed) including 57 deaths (CFR 8.3%) have been reported from 35 out of 114 districts. Of these 474 were clinically classified as pneumonic plague.
The Madagascar Ministry of Health (MoH) reported caseload on 16 October was 805 (confirmed and suspected) with 74 deaths.
Tropical Cyclone CARLOS continued moving west south-west over the south-west Indian Ocean, slightly weakening, but remaining a Tropical Storm. On 8 February, its centre was located approximately 300 km south south-west of the south-western coast of La Reunion (France).
Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving south-west, strengthening. As of 8 February, Meteo France-La Reunion has issued an Orange Alert for heavy rain and strong winds, and a Cyclone Alert for the whole island.
• TC CARLOS continued moving westsouthwest over the south-west Indian Ocean, remaining a Tropical Storm. On 7 February at 0.00 UTC, its center was located approx. 174 km north-northwest of Port Louis capital (Mauritius island) and 210 km north north-east of La Réunion (France). It had max. sustained winds speed of 83 km/h.
By Brigitte Leoni
PORT VICTORIA, Seychelles, 5 September 2016 - Memories of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami which claimed some 230,000 lives, will be revived this week as 24 countries take part in one of the largest tsunami simulations ever staged.
- A new Tropical Cyclone, DAYA, formed over the south-western Indian Ocean between Madagascar and La Reunion on 10 February and started moving south, slightly strengthening.
- Heavy rains affected eastern Madagascar, as well as the islands of La Reunion and Mauritius over the last few days. Approx. 100 mm of rain in 24 h were observed in Saint-Denis (La Reunion) and 111 mm in Vacoas (Mauritius) over 9-10 February. In the island of Mauritius, according to local media, several homes and roads were flooded, especially in the northern areas, displacing hundreds of people.
LA REUNION, MAURITIUS, MADAGASCAR – TROPICAL CYCLONE HALIBA
• HALIBA passed south of La Reunion over 9-10 March, as a Tropical Storm, causing heavy rain and winds. Then it turned south, weakening into a Tropical Depression, and it started moving away from land, over the Indian Ocean.
• As of 10 March morning, a warning for heavy rainfall was still in effect in Mauritius (National Meteorological Service of Mauritius), and for some areas of La Reunion (Meteo-France La Reunion).
En déplacement en Polynésie française, George PAU-LANGEVIN, Ministre des Outre-mer, se tient informée heure par heure de l’évolution de la trajectoire de la tempête tropicale « Haliba ». Les dernières informations sont globalement rassurantes malgré l’intensité des intempéries.
• Tropical Cyclone BANSI formed in the south-west Indian Ocean on 11 January and started moving southeast and then east, significantly strengthening. On 12 January at 6.00 UTC it had max. sustained winds of 185 km/h and its centre was located over sea, approx. 355 km north-west of the island of Mauritius.
Tropical Storm Adjali:
Tropical Storm Adjali is forecast to move in a south-westerly direction towards north-east Madagascar. However, for the forecast period of 18 to 23 November, Adjali is expected to decrease in strength and remain a significant distance from any populated area. OCHA is monitoring the situation and will issue updates as required.
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
St Louis, St Paul, Le Port et l’Etang Salé reçoivent un avis favorable de la commission interministérielle des catastrophes naturelles
La ministre des Outre-mer, George Pau-Langevin, prend acte et salue la décision rendue le 15 avril par la commission interministérielle des catastrophes naturelles concernant les communes de St Louis, St Paul, Le Port et l’Etang Salé de l’ile de la Réunion.
Indian Ocean - Tropical Cyclone BEJISA (COGIC)
As a result of the passage of Cyclone Bejisa, in the island La Reunion, there are around 131 000 homes without electricity, 49% of population without access to drinking water.
Air traffic is gradually coming back to normal after the Saint-Denis airport has been reopened on Friday morning.
The number of victims remains unchanged: one fatality, two serious injuries, 15 minor injuries.
Victorin LUREL à La Réunion, samedi 4 janvier, après le passage du cyclone Bejisa
Après le passage du cyclone Bejisa, le ministre des Outre-mer, Victorin LUREL, arrivera sur l’île de La Réunion ce samedi à 9h20 (heure locale), accompagné de nouveaux renforts de militaires des formations de la Sécurité civile mis à la disposition du préfet de La Réunion par le ministère de l’Intérieur.
INDIAN OCEAN – Tropical Cyclone BEJISA
- BEJISA passed close to the French island of La Reunion on 2 January, affecting this island and the island of Mauritius with heavy rains and strong winds.
- La Reunion: 1 dead, 16 people injured (two of them seriously), power outages (over 170 000 people), water and telecommunication disruptions.
- After passing La Reunion it started turning southwest, weakening. In the next 48 h it is forecast to continue moving south-west weakening further.
BOLIVIA – Severe Weather
• Tropical Cyclone BEJISA continues moving south-east, close to the French island of La Réunion, in the southern Indian Ocean.
• On 2 January, 06:00 UTC, BEJISA’s centre was located approx. 120km north-west of La Réunion and had maximum sustained wind speed of 204km/h.
By Andy McElroy
GENEVA, 4 December 2013 – Indian Ocean states are taking important steps to strengthen their individual and collective disaster risk management.
Six islands – the Union of the Comoros, France/Reunion Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Zanzibar – are working to establish and manage disaster loss databases.
9 April 2013 – The international community is losing vast amounts of agricultural production due to the effects of continuing land degradation such as desertification, a new United Nations study has warned, adding that without sustainable land management, development initiatives the world over will be stymied.