Appeals & Response Plans
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ISLAMABAD – Pakistan’s leading emergency logistics experts gathered in Islamabad 15-20 January for the nation’s first National Logistics Response Team (LRT) Training, jointly organized by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the Global Logistics Cluster.
In a mix of group learning exercises and emergency simulation, 21 participants from 12 groups including the Government, UN and non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) took part.
• WFP will continue to meet the needs of returnees and internally displaced persons previously served under its emergency operation (which finished on 31 December) under the PRRO.
• WFP, UNOPS and UNHCR made significant progress towards establishing an interagency call centre.
• Security remains the greatest impediment to food security in the country; traders report challenges getting food to markets in the eastern district of Khogiany due to the presence of anti-government elements.
- The World Food Programme (WFP) Afghanistan says NO to Gender Based Violence.
- Afghanistan 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan, published this month, identify 3.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster, which WFP co-chairs, requires USD 91 million in 2018 to reach 1.9 million people.
- Afghanistan launched its Zero Hunger Strategic Review, a consultative document that makes specific recommendations to help Afghanistan achieve zero hunger.
Conflict and displacement continued to affect delivery of health services across the country in December 2017.
In Nangarhar, the Khogiani IDPs continued to burden health services in surrounding districts.
8 health facilities in 4 districts in the west region were closed by Taliban and three health facilities were closed in Kandahar.
1,414 families were displaced in the northeastern region.
Chronic conflicts, drought, earthquakes, floods, seasonal storms, and severe winter weather, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in South Asia. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and man-made disasters in the region.
The Asia-Pacific E-Resilience Toolkit offers insights into a spectrum of available ICT tools and best practices that may benefit policymakers in the Asia-Pacific region to enhance e-resilience and disaster risk management.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid,
and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
This report focuses on lessons learned by WFP from the Ready to Respond project, a joint UN humanitarian preparedness programme funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
Ready to Respond was instigated in late 2013 by UNICEF and WFP, who were joined in 2015 by OCHA and UNHCR. DFID’s support enabled the agencies to implement a wide range of preparedness activities, aiming at reinforcing their own capacity and the capacity of partners in being better prepared to respond to disasters.
• Conflict displaces approximately 438,000 Afghans from January 1–December 19, 2017
• GoA, humanitarian agencies to address winter needs of 78,000 households
• Afghanistan HRP requests $430 million to assist approximately 2.8 million people
Conflict continued to displace families and individuals, which created pressure on health services around the country in November 2017. Due to the newly increased number of IDPs from Khogiani district in the Eastern region, the host communities of the surrounding areas were stretched with patients.
Number of closed health facilities was increased in the southern region due to the deteriorated security situation.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
October saw the closure of four health facilities in the Eastern region and 35 in Urogzan province. In the Southern region, 45 health facilities were partially or completely closed, and of them 15 were later re-opened. Two health facilities were destroyed.
Mobile health services were provided by cluster partners, but some areas were inaccessible due to insecurity.
Ongoing conflict continued to displace families and individuals.
Food security among the poorest has deteriorated in Afghanistan according to recent Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) and Seasonal Food Security (SFSA) post-harvest assessments.
On 16 October, Afghanistan joined the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement. 41 per cent of children under 5 in Afghanistan are stunted.
WFP will increase assistance to vulnerable people in prolonged displacement during the critical winter period.
• Conflict displaces nearly 270,000 Afghans from January–September 2017
• Deteriorating security conditions hinder access to displaced populations in hard-to-reach areas
• Armed groups target health care workers and facilities
On 19 September, Ashraf Ghani, the President of Afghanistan, addressed the UN General Assembly in New York and called for UN reform towards unified partnerships with host governments and for increased accountability to governments and populations.
WFP launched preparation for a new Country Strategic Plan (CSP). The CSP will define WFP’s strategy to support the country’s efforts to achieve zero hunger by 2030.
Analysis of clashes in September point towards a deterioration in security over the coming months.
In the context of a deteriorating security situation, humanitarian needs continue to increase. 168,00 people have been displaced due to conflict since the beginning of 2017. Hotspots in July included Kunduz and Faryab provinces in northern Afghanistan, Ghor province in the east and Kabul city.
In response, WFP Afghanistan assisted 415,000 vulnerable people in July.
During 2017, the government has taken key policy decisions regarding registering the undocumented Afghans and institutionalizing measures to support Afghan refugees. IOM Pakistan is supporting the government through participation in the Provincial Taskforce on Documenting the Unregistered Afghan Nationals.
In keeping with previous years, humanitarian response has continued to be defined by conflict in the first half of 2017 with equally unacceptably high numbers of civilian casualties (‐1 percent) and a steady rise in armed clashes (+4 percent) if compared to the same period last year, despite an overall reduction in displacement (‐15 percent).