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World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
The information presented covers two main areas: humanitarian needs and assistance in 2016, and humanitarian trends, challenges and opportunities.
This brochure is the sixth compilation of good practices on integrating gender into humanitarian action in the Asia-Pacific region, developed on behalf of the Regional Network Working Group on Gender in Humanitarian Action. It highlights examples that support equal treatment of all before, during and after disasters, including on LGBTIQ+ rights and inclusion, the inclusion of diverse gender identities and sexual orientations in Fiji, and the transgender community in Pakistan.
This report, the result of internal research by CARE International, argues that partnerships in humanitarian response not only meet lifesaving needs but can also address gender inequalities. Based on the review of five recent emergency responses, the report explores which partnership models and practices can best foster gendertransformative humanitarian action.
“We are in danger of ending life as we know it on our planet” Islamic Declaration on Climate Change
Authors Pearl-Martinez, Rebecca Publication date 13 Oct 2017 DOI 10.21201/2017.0889 ISBN 978-1-78748-088-9
STATE OF THE FIELD
Violent conflict upends and polarizes societies, disrupting social structures and gender roles.
Projects and policies intended to assist communities that are fragile or affected by violence are more successful if they consider conflict’s different effects on men, women, boys, and girls.
Approaches to conflict resolution that account for gender issues and include a broader array of society reduce gender-based violence, enhance gender equality, defuse conflict, and lead to more sustainable peace.
Has the UN made a difference in Pakistan? The results in this Annual Report confirm that we have. As the era of the Sustainable Development Goals dawns, we marked this new beginning with a fresh resolve to deliver better results for all the people of Pakistan. 2016 was a year of impressive progress.
Hand in hand with our partners, our collective achievements propelled us forward, towards stronger development outcomes across the country.
Delivering as One
1 THE PROJECT
Globally, policies and international standards on gender in emergencies do exist. However, the implementation of humanitarian assistance with a strong gender perspective remains ad hoc, with limited accountability of implementing agencies.
This project: Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice was designed to explore how to better institutionalize gender-related standards in humanitarian assistance.
This final evaluation report reviews the project ‘Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice in the Humanitarian System’, which was funded by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations – Enhanced Response Capacity fund (ECHO-ERC) and implemented by Oxfam in Pakistan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and the Dominican Republic between September 2015 and March 2017.
In 2016, in an effort to further the global understanding of adolescent girls’ rights, Plan International commissioned and undertook a three-country study (in Nicaragua, Zimbabwe and Pakistan) on a set of themes related to the SDGs.
This report summarises the performance of the Australian aid program in 2014-15. It reviews progress with implementation of the Government’s policy and performance framework for the aid program.
Chapter 1 reviews progress towards the 10 strategic targets set by the Government to assess the performance of the aid program as a whole. Good progress has been made against the strategic targets.
This report summarises the performance of the Australian aid program in 2015-16. It reviews progress with implementation of the Government’s policy and performance framework.
Based on a study conducted in the Pakistani town of Haripur that investigated children’s attitudes toward identity, this Peace Brief finds that identity-based divides are in fact not the primary drivers of conflict at the community level, but notes the continuing salience of gender identity, which produces differing social expectations and differing understandings of conflict resolution roles.
1 THE PROJECT IN CONTEXT
Pakistan faces frequent natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, cyclones, drought and tsunami, and there is ongoing conflict and military operations in the northwest of the country (in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the territory of FATA). In general terms, Pakistan is characterized by very low human development and a very large number of people in need of humanitarian assistance.
This is combined with one of the highest levels of gender inequality in the world.
A society defined by patriarchal norms and structural inequalities keeps women and girls on the margins of the society and hinders women’s participation in public and political spheres. Yet women’s participation in decisions related to peace and security in the country is essential to peacebuilding and postconflict reconstruction. This brief examines the challenges in implementing the women, peace, and security framework in Pakistan.
At times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence increase. Reproductive health services—including prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth and emergency obstetric care—are often impacted and sometimes unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to unsafe sex leading to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and sexual exploitation. And many wom- en lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
Increasing the resilience of buildings to natural hazards is essential as we strive to design more sustainable cities. Earthquakes pose considerable risks, as they have caused the highest number of casualties due to natural hazards in the last decade. During the second half of the century, more than 75 % of the total number of earthquake fatalities was caused by building collapse. However, natural hazards do not always translate to tragedy: disasters occur at the intersection of hazards and vulnerability. Preparedness and sound risk reduction policies can help to void them.