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A. Introduction / Humanitarian situation
FATA remains one of the least developed regions in Pakistan having experienced man-made, as well as natural disasters for many years. From 2008 to 2014more than 5 million people were displaced from the FATA due to the security operations by the military against non-state armed groups.
On 3 January 2018, Pakistan granted Afghan refugees in Pakistan a residence extension until the end of January. This is the shortest extension ever given to Afghan refugees in Pakistan and raises concerns of imminent large-scale forced returns. Some 1.39 million Afghan refugees are registered in Pakistan, as well as an estimated one million unregistered Afghans. If returns are enforced, it is likely to have a major impact on shelter, protection, and food needs. However, previous deadlines have been threatened but not enforced, reducing the probability of the risk.
Operating environment was marked with small-scale attacks, political tensions between the State of Puntland and ‘Somaliland’ and forced evictions.
Drought, insecurity and conflicts, remain key drivers of displacement and lack of comprehensive land tenure framework remains one of the key drivers for forced evictions.
According to monitoring agencies drought will continue in 2018 and can lead to further increased vulnerability of persons of concern.
A whole-of-society approach – a new improved way of UNHCR response
315 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan
11,678 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran
718 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018
20,759 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018
92% of returnees from Pakistan (290 individuals) assisted
4% of returnees from Iran (427 individuals) assisted
60 Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC) from Iran among those assisted, 0 from Pakistan
88 Medical Cases (MC) from Iran among those assisted, 0 from Pakistan
Based On A Review Of Multiple Sources, Including The Household Survey Of The FATA Vulnerability Analysis.
SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION
In the past week, more than 1,000 displaced people reportedly arrived in Nili district, Daykundi, from Gizab district, Uruzgan.
Some 1,000 people were displaced within Chawkay and Khaskunar districts, Kunar Province, according to authorities.
From 7 to 13 January, a total of 11,993 Afghans returned to their home country from Pakistan and Iran.
During the past week, more than 150,000 displaced people, returnees, refugees and host families received some form of humanitarian aid.
(Kabul, 15 January 2018): Aid agencies in Afghanistan need US$430 million this year to help the most vulnerable girls, women, boys and men across the country. The money will be used to assist 2.8 million people displaced by conflict or natural disasters with emergency shelter and food, to treat patients injured by conflict, to feed malnourished children or assist vulnerable families returning home after years in Iran or Pakistan.
In December 2017, the average retail price of wheat and wheat flour increased by 2.4% and 0.8%, respectively; the price of rice Irri‐6 and rice Basmati negligibly increased by 0.8% and 0.2%, respectively, from the previous month (November 2017);
Headline inflation based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) has negligibly decreased by 0.37% from November 2017, whereas it slightly increased by 4.57% from the same month last year (December 2016);
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid,
and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
• Approximately 155,200 refugees and undocumented persons return to Afghanistan from Pakistan between January and November 2017
• GoP restrictions constrain INGO activities in Pakistan
• USAID responds to needs of vulnerable returnee populations in FATA and KPk
This report focuses on lessons learned by WFP from the Ready to Respond project, a joint UN humanitarian preparedness programme funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
Ready to Respond was instigated in late 2013 by UNICEF and WFP, who were joined in 2015 by OCHA and UNHCR. DFID’s support enabled the agencies to implement a wide range of preparedness activities, aiming at reinforcing their own capacity and the capacity of partners in being better prepared to respond to disasters.
Inside this Newsletter
- FSAC achievements up to 3rd quarter 2017
- Update on Seasonal Food Security Assessment (SFSA) 2017
- Update on IPC analysis workshop in Kabul
- CHF & CERF 2017 update
- Study on Vertical Home Gardening Pilot Activity in Kabul Informal Settlement by ACF
- FSAC early warning information working group update
- Afghanistan market price update
In many protracted emergencies, the prevalence rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) regularly exceed the emergency threshold of > 15% of children with acute malnutrition (< -2 weight-for-height z-scores (WHZ) or with nutritional edema), despite ongoing humanitarian interventions. The widespread scale and long-lasting nature of “persistent GAM” means that it is a policy and programming priority.
Poor early season precipitation delayed the planting of winter wheat in most areas
Precipitation received during the early part of the wet season through December 17th has been below average, particularly across the north and northeast (Figure 3). The weak start of the wet season delayed planting of winter wheat in most areas. As of mid-December, the planting process was not yet complete in many areas, as in a typical year.
• Conflict displaces approximately 438,000 Afghans from January 1–December 19, 2017
• GoA, humanitarian agencies to address winter needs of 78,000 households
• Afghanistan HRP requests $430 million to assist approximately 2.8 million people