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31 Jul 2009 description

Executive Summary

More than two decades of protracted conflict from the late 1970s onward saw Afghan refugee communities settle around the world. At the end of 2007, Afghanistan was still the source of the world's largest number of refugees under the mandate of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). While Afghans are dispersed among 72 different countries, 96 percent of displaced Afghans remain in Pakistan and Iran.

11 Nov 2008 description

Many young Afghans face distinct challenges while returning to a "homeland" they have never actually experienced. Not addressing these issues may threaten the eventual success of their resettlement, suggests a newly released Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit paper.

Many of the millions of refugees who fled during the decades of conflict in Afghanistan relocated to Pakistan and Iran.

10 Nov 2008 description


Looking beyond perspectives limited to a "return to home land," this briefi ng paper focuses on Afghan youth and young adults who were either born or grew up in Pakistan or Iran. By examining personal journeys of their return to Afghanistan, resettlement and, for some, onward movement, it addresses gaps in:

- the understanding ofthe less visible social and emotional trajectories experienced by young Afghan re fugees related to returning to and reintegration in their "homeland"; and

- the crucial links be tween these issues and the challenges they face …

07 Jun 2007 description

Executive Summary

This paper is the first in a series of three country case studies of second-generation Afghans in neighbouring countries: Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. Funding for the studies has been provided by the European Commission (EC), administrated through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). AREU's previous research on Transnational Networks highlighted the existence of a specific information gap regarding the experiences and interests of the large group of second-generation Afghans residing in Pakistan and Iran, which initiated this research.

31 Aug 2006 description

This paper synthesises results that have emerged from AREU's three-country research project on Afghan transnational networks and sustainable reintegration.

30 Mar 2005 description
  1. Introduction

    Cross-border migration between Afghanistan and Pakistan has a long and varied history. The prevalence of political crisis and armed conflict in Afghanistan since the late 1970s resulted in the framing of cross-border migration quite largely in terms of displacement and refugee movements.