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Appeals & Funding
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- Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Mar 2016
- Afghanistan/Pakistan: Earthquake - Oct 2015
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The current report is the synthesis of the participatory research carried out as part of the Tax, Privatisation and Right to Education multi country project, and is based on the national reports produced by ActionAid in Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Pakistan respectively. It aims to shed light on how much families pay for education in these four countries and how these direct and indirect fees could be eliminated to enable access to education.
With the rights of women and girls at the very heart of what we do at ActionAid we’re celebrating with our colleagues in ActionAid Pakistan today as the Sindh province declares child marriage illegal - the first province in Pakistan to pass such a law.
Note: This need assessment is focussed on ActionAid’s Local Rights Programme (LRP) areas within the drought affected region.
SECTION 1: DESCRIPTION OF THE EMERGENCY
Following the massive earthquake that hit Pakistan on 24 September, news has slowly trickled out that over 120,000 people were affected and that there were an estimated 600 deaths. What's worse is that those numbers are likely to rise once all transport systems are finally re-opened and a more detailed headcount can be made.
Balochistan is remote, barren and dry and the BBC has reported that the Pakistan authorities are still struggling to deliver aid.
Head of News
This week marks three years since particularly heavy Monsoon rains caused devastating flooding over large areas of Pakistan. They were the worst floods to hit Pakistan in 80 years, with more than 18 million people affected, some 1,980 deaths and 1.6 million houses destroyed.
Then - just a year later - part of Sindh and Punjab provinces in the south of the country were again hit by floods. More than 70 per cent of the total area of Pakistan was either affected or severely damaged by the consecutive years of flooding.
Missing out on an education, healthcare and proper nutrition, child workers are denied their right to a childhood. With no chance to play and exposed to exploitation, they are forced to grow up much too fast.
In Pakistan, one of the most common places to find these children is in brick kilns. The statistics are appalling:
Women make peace but men negotiate it
A new report from ActionAid, IDS, and Womankind looks at the role of women in local peacebuilding initiatives, finding that women are more likely than men to adopt a broad definition of peace which includes the household level and focuses on the attainment of individual rights and freedoms such as education, healthcare and freedom from violence.
In contrast, men have a greater tendency to associate peace with the absence of formal conflict and the stability of formal structures such as governance and infrastructure.
The floods that began in August 2011 and swept across the province of Sindh and parts of neighbouring Balochistan resulted in one of the most destructive disasters that Pakistan has experienced. More than five million people have been affected: 1.8 million people were left homeless and more than 2.2 million acres of crops were lost, resulting in agricultural losses of nearly $2 billion.
Today is International Day for Disaster Reduction, an opportunity to raise awareness of what we can all do to reduce our risk to disasters. With a number of major disasters hitting the headlines – including the drought and food crisis in the Horn of Africa and floods across Asia – the message is more relevant than ever.
A triple crisis
Umerkot is one of the worst flood affected districts of Sindh, Pakistan. It is contrary to environmental characteristics of the area that it floods with rainwater. People have constructed their houses on desert mounds that are designed to resist scorching sun heat.
Houses in Umerkot have little capacity to withstand immense rainfall. Mud and wood are used as major input for house construction. People of this land are famous for performing certain rituals and prayer ceremonies to beseech the rainmaker for rainfall.
Floods 2011 have unleashed heavy loss of life and property. Houses are smashed away by angry water waves, livestock is either dead or sold, crops are destroyed and the land is submerged in the deep water. More than 5.4 million people are affected only in Sindh. The number of flood affectees in Balochistan is huge too.
Floods have turned the local communities classless as there are no more poor and rich; all of them are merely helpless flood affectees
ActionAid is providing emergency relief to 173,000 of the most vulnerable people affected by the huge floods in India and Pakistan.
Bijay Kumar, ActionAid’s Head of Emergencies, said: “The scale of India and Pakistan’s flood devastation is massive; more than 8 million people are affected. ActionAid’s flood relief effort is well underway, targeting those that ordinarily have the least access to relief and rehabilitation, including women and children, people with disabilities and minority groups.
Heavy monsoon rains have started to cause havoc across large parts of Bangladesh, Pakistan and India with Nepal now facing severe floods.
ActionAid programmes in the region have been placed on high alert and we are responding in close co-operation with international organisations and local partners.
Islamabad, Wednesday May 25: The unique visual stunt put together by flood-hit rural women culminated in Islamabad in a women’s assembly. The women’s caravan that started on Tuesday comprising a large number of women and girls from flood hit areas demanded women’s prioritisation in the flood rehabilitation process, and budgetary allocation for women support programme.
Islamabad, 24 May 2011: A caravan of flood-affected women demands for fiscal allocation in federal budget 2011-2012 to address women specific issues including protection from violence, discrimination and hunger as well as land ownership and control over productive resources.
Glyn Duke, Head of supporter care
If you've never left your home, and your home gets washed away, how do you cope?
Today I talked to Charmaine, the child sponsorship manage from Pakistan. In the communities hit hardest by the floods, the last six months have been all about responding to the emergency. That hasn't just meant delivering the supplies that were so generously provided by ActionAid supporters - it's involved all sorts of complexities, and especially helping women face the terrible affects of the disaster.
New NGO inter-agency group learning review highlights successes and challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction initiatives
ActionAid concerned over alarming increase in hunger, violence in flood hit areas.
Islamabad: Saturday, Jan 29, 2011. International anti poverty agency ActionAid has raised concerns about growing hunger, food insecurity and gender based violence in the flood affected areas..
ActionAid Pakistan's country representative Jemal Ahmed says "Through our close interaction with flood affected communities, we are much concerned about growing incidents of violence against women including harassment and domestic violence.
ActionAid has now reached a total of 220,952 people
At the end of July 2010, heavy rains triggered both flash floods and riverine floods across up to one fifth of the country, killing over 1,900 people and affecting more than 20 million. An estimated 1.7million homes were partially or wholly destroyed across 78 districts, and $10bn worth of damage caused.
Six months on many areas, particularly in the south of the country, remain submerged under flood waters - approximately 170,000 people are still living in camps and spontaneous settlements across the provinces of Sindh, Khyber …