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This working paper examines the role of local institutions during and after conflict in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, in order to inform and ensure the success of future relief and rehabilitation efforts in the region.
Richard Mallet and Rachel Slater
Type: Briefing Paper
This synthesis briefing outlines the background and findings of the SLRC longitudinal panel survey, which was conducted in 2012 and 2015 in five countries of 10,000 people.
Since 2011, the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) has sought to understand how processes of post- conflict recovery and state-building play out in some of the world’s most challenging contexts – and to equip policy- makers and practitioners with better information on how to support these processes.
Public-goods provision, equitable growth and rights-based development are at their most challenging in places affected by fragility, conflict and violence – which is why donors and agencies maintain a particular focus on such areas. However, while it is essential that such investments are based on solid evidence, understanding of how post-conflict recovery and state-building processes happen is limited.
Helping economies recover in the aftermath of war is a top policy priority for international donors and aid agencies, motivated by perceptions that persisting economic grievances are capable of sliding countries back into violence. However, while post-conflict economic programming is often aimed at resuscitating markets and developing the private sector, there is limited evidence to support investments in these areas.
State-building has provided the framework for international engagement in countries affected by conflict for at least the past decade. Service delivery is considered one of the few viable ‘entry points’ into this complex enterprise, offering donors and agencies a relatively tangible means of supporting these processes.
Every year a quarter of all international aid – approximately US$15 billion – is spent on capacity development. However, despite the continued dominance of capacity development, results are frequently disappointing.
Livelihoods are fundamentally about what people do to meet their needs over time, including how they cope with and recover from shocks. Understanding how people do this is a central part of the work of the Secure Livelihood Research Consortium (SLRC).
This report synthesizes findings on livelihoods from quantitative and qualitative research projects conducted by SLRC from 2011 to 2016 in eight countries affected by fragility and conflict to varying degrees: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nepal, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.
Working Paper 52
Babar Shahbaz, Abid Suleri, Mohsin Ali and Huma Khan
With input from Georgina Sturge, Richard Mallett and Jessica Hagen-Zanker
Author(s): Abid Suleri, Babar Shahbaz and Qasim Shah
Type: Working Paper
Working Paper 31
Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Rachel Slater and Georgina Sturge
Working Paper 29
Qasim Ali Shah and Babar Shahbaz
Author(s): Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Richard Mallett, Anita Ghimire, Qasim Ali Shah, Bishnu Upreti and Haider Abbas
Type: Research Reports
Working Paper 5
Babar Shahbaz, Qasim Ali Shah, Abid Q. Suleri, Steve Commins and Akbar Ali Malik
Full summary: This working paper synthesises and assesses evidence from the existing literature on poverty and livelihoods, access to basic services and social protection, and aid and its governance in conflict-affected areas of Pakistan, particularly the north-western province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administrative Tribal Areas (FATA). More specifically, it focuses on a number of important questions, including: