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- Pakistan: Floods - Sep 2014
- Pakistan: Drought - 2014-2017
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A global fund that provides rapid humanitarian aid for overlooked crises, is marking the second anniversary of the World Humanitarian Summit by sharing the impact of its 4th year, through its new annual report released today.
The Start Fund fills a critical gap in humanitarian financing. It pools funding from donors for immediate release for underfunded small to medium scale crises, spikes in chronic humanitarian crises, and to act in anticipation of impending crises.
2017 in brief
The purpose of this report is to give an overview of the way the Drought Financing Facility is designed, including two proposed pilots in Zimbabwe and Pakistan.
The Drought Financing Facility is based on a risk management approach that involves scientific modelling of drought risks, focused scenario-based contingency planning and ground monitoring, and pre-positioned financing.
How can the humanitarian sector in Pakistan build more effective systems for humanitarian action? And how do we need to work together to achieve it? These were the questions we attempted to answer during Start Network’s ‘The Future of Humanitarian Action in Pakistan’ conference, held in July in Islamabad, with the support of ACTED and the Humanitarian Leadership Academy.
Anticipated scope and scale
Sindh province in Pakistan has been experiencing extreme hot and dry temperatures since 12 April. Many rural areas of Sindh are currently experiencing daily highs above 40°C, which are forecast to continue until early May. Average annual temperatures are in the mid-thirties at this time and increase to reach their peak in May and June, when urban areas including Karachi will be severely affected by the heatwave.
Start Network members have begun working with Pakistan’s disaster authority to develop a new way of funding preventative action, aimed at helping vulnerable families threatened by drought.
The initiative is the first of its kind involving aid agencies. The planned pilot facility will release funds based on scientific triggers of drought, using insurance tools and principles. Aid agencies would be able to draw on the new source of funding to intervene before the worst effects of a drought are felt, enabling farmers and their families to protect their livestock and other assets.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$68.3 million of humanitarian assistance to Pakistan since the start of 2016.
A severe heatwave is expected to strike Pakistan, in particular the southern province of Sindh and its capital Karachi, from the beginning of May up to the first week of June, coinciding with the first week of Ramadan. Karachi has already been affected by a moderate heatwave during the last 10 days of April, which caused two deaths.
On the 29 October 2015 we responded to a funding alert in response to an earthquake in northern regions of Pakistan: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir and Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$233 million of humanitarian assistance to Pakistan so far in 2015. This includes US$59 million of domestic funding from the Government of Pakistan.
On 29 June 2015 we responded to a funding alert in response to the heat wave in Pakistan.
During the past week, the Sindh province of Pakistan has experienced increased temperatures of around 48–52 centigrade, the highest temperature among recorded statistical data. 1,400 people are reported to have died of intense heat stroke across southern Pakistan.
Donors have pledged over US$14.5m to date in response to displacements from North Waziristan according to OCHA.
The domestic response to the needs of IDPs in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province has been strong, with assistance from Federal & Provincial Governments, the army, and civil society.
The Government has made an official request to the UN for assistance.