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- Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2016
- Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Mar 2016
- Afghanistan/Pakistan: Earthquake - Oct 2015
- Pakistan: Floods - Apr 2015
- Pakistan: Floods - Sep 2014
- Pakistan: Drought - 2014-2017
- Pakistan: Polio Outbreak - 2014-2017
- Pakistan: Dengue Outbreak - Oct 2013
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Last week was marked by a surge in reported fatalities in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as the start of the third session of the 21st Century Panglong Union Peace Conference amidst a spike in violence in Myanmar.
Last week in Afghanistan, a suicide bomber reportedly killed and wounded around 40 people in Jalalabad. Most of the victims belong to Afghanistan’s Sikh and Hindu minority groups and included the only Sikh electoral candidate in the upcoming general election. Additionally, the arrest of a district militia leader and close aide of Vice President Dostum led to a number of demonstrations in several provinces throughout the week, including a riot in Maymana City in which one demonstrator was reportedly killed.
Last week was marked by major protests in Afghanistan, ongoing election turmoil in Pakistan, and militant violence in Indonesia. In Afghanistan, following the end of the ceasefire, levels of political violence further increased by 20% compared to the previous week, which is a total hike of over 78% compared to the week of the ceasefire. In light of this spike in violence, people across 16 provinces took to the streets last week to demand peace negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government and an end to the war.
As Ramadan came to an end on June 14, the Afghan government decided to extend its ceasefire with the Taliban. The Taliban, however, resumed military operations of its spring offensive Eid and launched attacks in several provinces across the country – notably Faryab, Helmand, and Badghis Provinces. Levels of political violence increased by 38% in Afghanistan last week compared to the previous one.
During the week of Eid, overall levels of political violence decreased by 45% in South and Southeast Asia. The decrease in political violence was caused by a significant drop in reported events from Afghanistan (minus 52%) and Pakistan (minus 74%) – two high activity countries which also have a majority Muslim population – while violence levels remained static in India, including the majority Muslim state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Important developments in South and Southeast Asia this past week included ceasefire negotiations in Afghanistan, continued cross-border violence between Pakistan and India, and several protests throughout the region in solidarity with the people of Palestine.
In a surprising move from both sides, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani declared a unilateral ceasefire on June 7 over the Eid holiday period, which was accepted by the Taliban on June 9. This is the first time that the Taliban has accepted a temporary ceasefire offered by the government (Al Jazeera, 9 June 2018).
In this infographic by ACLED Research Director, Dr. Roudabeh Kishi, we explore the question, “Where are humanitarian workers (aid workers, health workers, teachers) most at risk? (2017 – present).
Major instances of political violence were reported from several South and Southeast Asian countries, especially in Indonesia, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
In Indonesia, Islamist groups associated with Jemaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD) carried out a series of bombings and other violent attacks on several Christian churches and a Brimob (Mobile Brigade Corps) police station. These attacks resulted in the killing of 14 people and the death of 13 suicide bombers.
Bangladesh saw a significant increase in violence around the January 2014 elections. The increase began prior to election day (January 5, 2014), with the announcement that certain parties would boycott the elections, and continued in the months and years that followed. On election day alone, there were 20 election related fatalities reported. Twenty more election related fatalities occurred through-out the rest of January, followed by 71 fatalities related to political party violence throughout the rest of 2014. (New York Times, 2014; BBC, 2014)
Welcome to the first trend report for ACLED Asia. In these periodic publications, the ACLED Asia team will discuss and analyze the real-time conflict event trends that are occurring throughout South and South-East Asia. ACLED Asia will release real-time data for eleven states with various conflict profiles. These states include India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam,
Thailand and Myanmar. See Figure 1. Data for January and February 2015 are now available from the CEPSA website and the ACLED website.