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19 Oct 2018 description

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 91,093 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 17 October, with 42,494 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.

The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 145,193 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 320,033 at this point in 2016.

19 Oct 2018 description

In Numbers

1,857 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 350,000 cash based transfers made

US$16.06 m six months (Oct 2018 - Mar 2019) net funding requirements

237,000 people assisted in August 2018

Operational Updates

18 Oct 2018 description
  • World Polio Day is coming up on 24 October: join partners around the world in making this year’s World Polio Day a success.
  • Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan – one wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case and five WPV1-positive environmental samples; Pakistan – two WPV1-positive environmental samples; Niger – three circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases; Somalia – one cVDPV type 3 case; and, Papua New Guinea – three cVDPV type 1 cases. See country-specific sections below for further details.
18 Oct 2018 description

Repatriation of Afghan refugees decreased 22% compared to 366 refugees that repatriated between 30 September and 6 October 2018. Returns of undocumented Afghans also decreased by 24%, compared to 706 individuals who returned the previous week.

Some 61% (172 individuals) of the registered Afghan refugee returnees were provided with cash assistance, while 85% (460 individuals) of the undocumented Afghan returnees were provided post-arrival assistance.

18 Oct 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence as well as protests and other events affecting education.

It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.

All decisions made, on the basis of, or with consideration to, such information remains the responsibility of their respective organisations.

Editorial team:
Christina Wille, Laurence Gerhardt and Helen Buck Insecurity Insight

Research team:
James Naudi Insecurity Insight

18 Oct 2018 description

*12,162 Afghan registered refugees (PoR cardholders) repatriated to Afghanistan from 1 March – 30 September 2018.

*19,560 Afghan refugee births registered from 1 January – 30 September 2018.

**83,328 IDP individuals (13,888 families) returned to their areas of origin in Pakistan since 1 January 2018.

Working with Partners

18 Oct 2018 description


The Community-Based Protection and Urban Outreach Strategy (2017-2019) for Afghan Refugees in Pakistan was endorsed in July 2017. The overall goal of the strategy is for Afghan refugees living in Pakistan to be empowered and their resilient capacity strengthened, enabling them to minimize their exposure to protection risks and improve their overall protection environment, with a special focus on the most vulnerable.

The four key priorities of the strategy covers:

18 Oct 2018 description

Key findings

Nine Advice and Legal Aid Centres (ALAC) are operational in the main refugee‐ hosting areas of four provinces and provide free legal support to persons of concern: four in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), one in Sindh and three in Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory through partnership agreements with SHARP and one in Balochistan run by SEHER.

18 Oct 2018 description


Proof of Registration (PoR) card is an important protection tool that provides temporary legal stay and freedom of movement for the 1.39 million registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan. PoR cards which have expired at the end of 2015 have been extended through official notification until 30 June 2019*.

18 Oct 2018 description

Overview of Voluntary Repatriation from Pakistan to Afghanistan

UNHCR facilitates the Voluntary Repatriation of Afghan refugees as part of its mandate to provide durable solutions. UNHCR’s Voluntary repatriation program begins in March and ends in November every year.

18 Oct 2018 description


1,396,904 (Individuals)
Population in Refugee Villages
446,217 (Individuals) ‐ 32%
Population Outside Refugee Villages 950,687
(Individuals) ‐ 68%

18 Oct 2018 description

Naveed Siddiqui

The National Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) for polio eradication on Wednesday notified about two new polio cases — one from Gadap area in Karachi and other from Khyber tribal district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa — bringing the total number of polio cases in the country to six this year, however, the virus failed to cause any clinical paralysis to both the children.

17 Oct 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight



13 August 2018: In Ngo-Ketunjia division, Northwest province, an arson attack of unknown origin completely destroyed the administrative building of the Government Bilingual High School Ndop. Source: Cameroon-Info

Ivory Coast

27 August 2018: In Sikensi town, Lagunes district, a group of men armed with Kalashnikovs and dressed in military fatigues attacked and looted a school before tying up and beating a member of staff.
Source: ACLED


17 Oct 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Threats and violence affecting emergency care



22 September 2018: In Rajbiraj city, Saptari region, Sagarmatha zone, the emergency ward of the Gajendranarayan Singh Sagarmatha Zonal Hospital was vandalized by locals who claimed that doctors had pronounced dead a child who was still living. Source: ACLED

Middle-East and North Africa


17 Oct 2018 description

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 7 and 13 October 2018. 301 Undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan through the Torkham border crossing while 232 individuals used the Chaman/Spin Boldak border crossing, bringing the total number of returns in the reporting period to 533 (132 families). There is an approximate 23% decrease in the total number of returns compared to last week.

17 Oct 2018 description

Islamabad, October 16, 2018 - Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Mahmood Khan has reaffirmed his firm government commitment for polio free Peshawar and assured to provide all available resources to achieve this end. The team for the prevention of polio would be given proper security and it we all will work as a team towards this end, he assured.

16 Oct 2018 description

The overall levels of political violence remained relatively static in the South and Southeast Asian regions over the last few weeks, whereas the number of reported fatalities increased significantly last week. The overall levels of demonstrations decreased across the region, especially in Pakistan and India.