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07 Apr 2018 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 1-7 April 2018 and includes updates on avian influenza, dengue, poliomyelitis, seasonal influenza, MERS-CoV, and yellow fever.

06 Apr 2018 description

This short report presents a selection of the key findings, achievements and lessons learned from the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) over the period 2012– 2017. A more comprehensive overview of all of HICAP’s work is provided in the annual programme reports. This summary report focuses on selected HICAP approaches to science, action research, pilot activities, and communications and outreach. In doing so, we aim to highlight:

06 Apr 2018 description

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 15,289 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through the first 95 days of 2018, with about 44 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece (33%) Spain (23%) and Cyprus (less than 1%).

This compares with 31,060 at this point in 2017, and with 172,089 at this point in March in 2016.

IOM Rome’s Flavio Di Giacomo on Thursday shared data released this week in Italy concerning the top 11 countries of origin where arriving migrants are coming from (see chart below).

06 Apr 2018 description

Repatriation of registered Afghan refugees doubled this week compared to 337 refugees that repatriated between 18 and 24 March 2018. Return of undocumented Afghans also increased, by 37%, compared to last week’s figure of 720. Some 96% (946 individuals) of the undocumented returnees were provided with needs-based assistance while 98% (661 individuals) of the registered Afghan refugee returnees were provided with cash assistance.

06 Apr 2018 description

Islamabad,April 04th, 2018:

The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on April 04th, 2018, in line with its agenda to implement a Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction approach in preparing and responding to disasters, as well as early recovery.

Chairman NDMA, Lt. Gen. Omar Mahmood Hayat and Country Representative of IUCN, Mr. Mahmood Akhtar Cheema signed the agreement.

05 Apr 2018 description

Due to inadequate and erratic rain patterns, the Thar Desert, in south-eastern Pakistan’s Sindh province, is a drought-prone region. The latest drought has been ongoing since 2013 and has taken a heavy toll on people living in the area.

As a result of the prolonged dry spell, the Thar has seen years of below-average crop production and losses of cattle, which have exacerbated the already-dire food insecurity and malnutrition situation in the area. Limited access to clean water and proper sanitation has also compromised health conditions of the affected households.

05 Apr 2018 description
  • The cost of climate change adaptation in South Asia could be as much as US$500 billion per year by 2050[1]. Insufficient funding remains one of the biggest barriers to climate adaptation action. However, few countries have successfully accounted for public spending on climate adaptation.

  • A new framework that makes sure government spending on adaptation is effective, has been successfully tested in South Asia.

04 Apr 2018 description

As at 21 March, 1,052 refugees have returned to Afghanistan from neighboring and nonneighboring countries (756 from Pakistan) in 2018. 34,381 as at 2 March individuals have been newly displaced by conflict since 1 January 2018 and profiled by OCHA as internally displaced persons (IDPs) in need. 76,000 Pakistani refugees from North-Waziristan Agency biometrically registered in Khost province and verified in Paktika province.

Main Activities

Repatriation

04 Apr 2018 description

SITUATION

  • More than three decades of war, sustained flows of returnees, civil unrest, insurgent activity and recurring natural disasters have contributed to chronic humanitarian need in Afghanistan. As of March, conflict has internally displaced over 42,200 people, 147,500 undocumented Afghans have returned from Iran and Pakistan and natural disasters have affected roughly 3,900 people since January, according to the UN.

04 Apr 2018 description

In the period between 18—24 March 2018, 354 Undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan through the Chaman/Spin Boldak border crossing whilst 347 individuals used the Torkham border crossing, bringing the total number of returns this week to 701 (138 families). The total number of Undocumented Afghans that returned spontaneously to Afghanistan since 1st January 2018 through Torkham and Chaman now stands at 5,385 (excluding deportations). Out of the total number of returns during the present reporting period, 48% returnees were male whereas 52% were female.

04 Apr 2018 description

PESHAWAR, 4 April, 2018: The UN refugee agency has procured high-tech machines worth Rs.710 million (USD 6.2million) for Peshawar’s Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer hospital to support free-of-cost treatment to thousands of needy cancer patients in Pakistan, including Afghan refugees.

04 Apr 2018 description

Building on collaborations on disaster management in Gilgit Baltistan in 2017, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Gilgit Baltistan Disaster Management Authority (GB-DMA), and the Aga Khan Agency for Habitat (AKAH) have reinforced their commitment to improve disaster risk management in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan, by joining hands to develop the Disaster Risk Management Plan of Gilgit Baltistan.

04 Apr 2018 description
report Frontier Post

Islamabad: Federal Minister for Climate Change Senator Mushahidullah Khan issued a statement regarding heat wave. He said that I want to take this opportunity to elucidate the issue pertaining to severe heat wave incidents. Heat-wave is a prevalent climate related natural hazard. Heat-waves are understood as unusual period of hot and humid or hot and dry conditions which prevail from three to five day during a summer season.

04 Apr 2018 description

Desert Locust situation remains calm

Unusually dry and unfavourable breeding conditions prevailed and locust populations did not increase this year during the winter as a result of poor rainfall for four consecutive months. Consequently, current locust numbers are very low in all areas and this is expected to continue during the spring and summer unless good rains fall.

03 Apr 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• GoP extends legal status for Afghan refugees through June 2018

• Humanitarian NGOs continue operations while awaiting registration decisions from the GoP

• USG responds to needs of vulnerable IDPs, returnees in FATA and KPk

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

03 Apr 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch

Authorities Should Promote Equal Participation in Elections

For the first time in more than 40 years, women turned out in significant numbers to vote in one of Pakistan’s districts.

03 Apr 2018 description

Global Overview MARCH 2018