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ISLAMABAD – The food security situation of returned households to their place of origin in Pakistan’s FATA Agencies has improved significantly since 2014, according to a new report released today.
Type of crises: Undocumented Returnees from Pakistan
Assessment Team: IOM, CARE, WFP, DRC, WSTA, DORR, DACAAR, Save the children, and Islamic Relief.
Crises date: Oct 2016 to Jan 2017
Date of Notification: 6 Feb 2017
Date of Assessment: 6 to 12 Feb 2017
Most vulnerable undocumented Population:
1. Assessment Findings
Access to Food: Most of the refugee households in Gurbuz, Matun, Nadir Shah Kot, Tani and Tere Zayi districts of Khost, and Sarobi district of Paktika province, are relying on purchase to buy food, while only some HHs are using coping strategies, such as relying on less expensive foods. The majority of refugee HHs in Mando Zayi district of Khost, and Urgun district of Paktika province, are relying on food assistance, with a limited number relying on purchase to access food.
Pakistan has been facing a fragile security situation in the north-western region of the country since 2007. By the end of 2014, 5.3 million people1 were reported to be displaced at least once due to security situation; whilst return was also taking place to the areas that had been de-notified.
Around 3.75 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to their areas of origin by the end of 2014.
The State of Agriculture, Livelihood, Food Security, Nutrition, Water and Sanitation in Drought Affected Communities in Sindh
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Ladha, Sararogha,
Sarwakai, and Tiarza Tehsils South Waziristan Agency (SWA) from 10 to 13 February 2016. The mission visited eight recently de-notified villages. The Government plans to facilitate the return of some 30,000 IDPs to these areas.
Key findings and recommendations
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Mir Ali Tehsil in North Waziristan Agency (NWA) from 26–29 January 2016. The mission covered a sample of six out of the ten villages that were recently de-notified by authorities. The Government has planned to facilitate the return of some 5,000 to 7,000 families to these areas.
• An estimated 10 per cent of private houses were damaged due conflict and 1.5 years of weather damage.
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to the Sipah area of Bara Tehsil in Khyber Agency on 2 February, 2016. The mission visited Haji Abad where discusions were held with the Military, FDMA, male and female returnees, and community elders. Visits were also conducted to nearby communities and agricultural areas where damages were observed. The Government has planned and is facilitating the return of over 7,000 families to these areas.
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Sarwakai, Sararogha and Tiarza Tehsils South Waziristan Agency from 4 to 7 August 2015. The mission covered a sample of 47 villages that were recently de-notified by authorities. The Government has planned to facilitate the return of some 15,000 to 20,000 families to these areas.
• An estimated 80 to 95 per cent of private houses were damaged due conflict and more than seven years of weather damage.
North Waziristan Agency (NWA) is the second largest agency in FATA. NWA was set up in 1895. It was in the year, 1910 when NWA was constituted as a full- fledged Agency with its headquarters at Miranshah.
Pakistan has a long history of being disproportionately affected by natural disasters. The greater frequency and increasing intensity of these disasters have had an adverse impact on the livelihoods and food security of the affected population; particularly for the poorest and most vulnerable living in the remote, rural parts of the country. Between 2010 and 2012, Pakistan experienced three consecutive floods due to unprecedented monsoon rains.
Findings from the Rapid Market Appraisal in Bannu suggest that the presence of current assistance/modalities (cash and food) do not have an adverse impact on market activity.
The overall supply condition of most commodities was found to be comfortable with the supply of these commodities sufficient to meet current market demand.
1.0 Executive Summary
This report provides an analysis and evaluation of the current status of the displaced families from North Waziristan Agency (NWA) who are living with the host community in Bannu, done jointly by cluster members and local civilian authorities. Noting how displaced families are in various locations, PDMA indicated the assessment would be undertaken in Bannu initially, where the majority of the displaced families are residing.