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Global Overview DECEMBER 2017
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 26 November - 2 December 2017 and includes updates on influenza, plague, monkeypox, yellow fever, chikungunya, dengue and Zika.
The global burden of Improvised Explosive Devices
Iain Overton and Jennifer Dathan
There is no day that goes past without the impact of an improvised explosive device (IED) making headlines around the world. Of all explosive weapons used, the IED is the most widespread, the most harmful and the most pernicious. Based on the belief that to overcome a problem, we must first understand it, this monitor is a small step in seeking to address the terrible realities of today.
It is a monitor that is, also, a response to a call to action.
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
General inflation in the region in June was estimated at 3.9 percent, and food inflation was 4.9 percent.
Sri Lanka recorded the highest monthly food price increase in the Asia-Pacific region in June, with a rise of 4.3 percent compared to May.
Afghanistan reported higher prices for wheat flour (high and low quality) and rice (low quality) compared to a month and a year ago.
• TC NEPARTAK made landfall along the coast of Fujian (China) on 9 July, as a Tropical Storm. Then it moved inland weakening. Heavy rains affected the areas along its path, causing floods.
• In Fujian and Jiangxi provinces (China): nine people died, at least 18 went missing, over 213 000 evacuated and over 11 400 houses damaged.
• In Taiwan: three people died and at least 300 were injured.
The pace of general and food inflation in the region remained strong in April, rising by 3.8 percent and 7.2 percent, respectively, compared to the same month last year.
The Government of India imposed limits on sugar stocks because of rising prices, as sugar prices increased 9.1 percent in April.
Wholesale rice prices in Thailand (25 percent broken rice) increased 1.2 percent month on month but were up 7.6 percent year on year.
The month saw violent extremist movements, including the Islamic State (IS) and al-Qaeda-linked groups, carry out major deadly attacks in Turkey, Pakistan, Côte d’Ivoire, Tunisia and Belgium. In Libya, the arrival of Prime Minister Serraj in Tripoli despite warnings from multiple factions could lead to further destabilisation. Meanwhile in Central Africa, political violence rose in Burundi and could break out in Chad around the 10 April presidential election.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
General inflation in the region was estimated at 2.3 percent, and food price inflation at 2.6 percent in November compared to one year ago.
In China, prices for fresh vegetables rose as unusually cold weather in November hampered transport and disrupted supplies to markets.
In Indonesia, drought conditions linked to El Niño over large parts of the country resulted in major delays in planting of the main season crops.
December 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Niger
- Improved situations
January 2016 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
- Conflict resolution opportunities
Food Price Index registers first decline in nine months
The month of March saw a slight easing of global food prices as the FAO Food Price Index fell 2.9 percent for its first decline since June 2010. Nonetheless, food prices remained at poverty-inducing levels, were 37 percent higher than at the same time last year, and the global decline masked rising prices of key commodities in certain countries and regions.
The Asia Pacific region is home to more than half of the world's population, the majority of whom are poor and among the most disadvantaged in the world. Some 600 million women, men and children in the region live below the USD 1 a day poverty line, while 1.8 billion survive on less than USD 2 a day. Compounding the situation, the region is also highly disaster-prone. The diversity, scale and frequency of natural disasters across the region are daunting.