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21 Aug 2018 description

- 505,688 total returns from Iran and Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018
- 483,681 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018
- 22,007 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018
- 18,329 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran
- 563 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan
- 4% of returnees from Iran (744 individuals) assisted
- 74% of returnees from Pakistan (416 individuals) assisted

Situation Overview

20 Aug 2018 description

Key issues in the past week:

  • Fighting in Ghazni City has ended and humanitarian assistance is reaching residents.

  • The number of people displaced by drought in the Western Region has surpassed 100,000.

  • Humanitarian agencies provided assistance to more than 61,000 people in need.

2,150 New IDPs reported in the past week
178,000 Total verified IDPs in 2018
61,000 People assisted in the past week

20 Aug 2018 description
  • 3,875 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 19 August (compared to 3,610 two weeks ago), of which 3,382 (i.e. 87%) were accommodated in governmental centres (below chart refers). Close to 500 were observed outside the centres: 150 in Belgrade City, another 240 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary and up to 100 in Loznica, close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.

20 Aug 2018 description

During last week (12 – 18 August 2018), 294 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan (191 from Pakistan, 100 from Iran and 3 from other countries). 11,334 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan in 2018, out of which 10,159 from Pakistan, 1,064 from Iran and 111 from other countries (as of 18 August 2018). This is 75% less compared to the same period in 2017, when 46,047 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan.

20 Aug 2018 description

One of the main drivers of humanitarian needs in Afghanistan in 2018 was displacement due to conflict with more 173,000 people forced from their homes due to fighting. Many of these people remain in displacement across the country, as conflict prevents them from returning to their areas of origin.

Almost 31,500 Afghan citizens returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan in 2018. While the number of returnees is less than the same period last year, a larger influx from Pakistan may arrive in the second half of the year.

19 Aug 2018 description


  • Health Cluster partners are responding to a drought in the northern region where up to 2.2 million people may be affected by water- and vector-borne diseases and malnutrition.

  • The top two communicable diseases during July were acute diarrheal diseases (356,940 cases) and acute respiratory infections (346,407 cases).

  • Seventy-one (71) attacks on healthcare were reported in July, including 42 attacks/closures of health facilities, 27 attacks on health personnel and two attacks on ambulances.

17 Aug 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Threats and violence affecting emergency care

Middle-East and North Africa

Syrian Arab Republic

19 July 2018: In Manjib city and district, Aleppo governorate, a mine exploded near an ambulance carrying patients, slightly injuring the driver and damaging the vehicle. Another mine was later found 25 metres away from the spot. Source: Manbijmc

The Americas


17 Aug 2018 description


In July, 51,945 eligible refugees and asylum-seekers (24,778 households) received cash assistance in Greece, in 97 locations.

17 Aug 2018 description

Weekly repatriation of registered Afghan refugees was 53% less compared to 621 refugees repatriated between 29 July and 4 August 2018. Return of undocumented Afghans also decreased, by 34%, compared to the preceding week.
All 292 Afghan refugee returnees were provided with cash assistance, while 93% (585 individuals) of the undocumented Afghan returnees were provided post-arrival assistance.

16 Aug 2018 description

Flooding recorded in the Sahel, while dryness strengthens in Ethiopia

  1. The forecast for abovenormal rains during the outlook period is likely to cause flooding in Mali, Burkina Faso, and western Niger.

  2. Several weeks of above-average rainfall has damaged infrastructure and caused fatalities in Sudan. Continuing rainfall may trigger additional floods through mid-August.

16 Aug 2018 description

Key findings

Nine Advice and Legal Aid Centres (ALAC) are operational in the main refugee-hosting areas of four provinces and provide free legal support to persons of concern: four in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), one in Sindh and three in Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory through partnership agreements with SHARP and one in Balochistan run by SEHER.

16 Aug 2018 description


Proof of Registration (PoR) card is an important protection tool that provides temporary legal stay and freedom of movement for the 1.39 million registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan. PoR cards which have expired at the end of 2015 have been extended through official notification until 30 September 2018.

16 Aug 2018 description

Overview of Voluntary Repatriation from Pakistan to Afghanistan

UNHCR facilitates the Voluntary Repatriation of Afghan refugees as part of its mandate to provide durable solutions.

16 Aug 2018 description


1,394,367 (Individuals)

Populaion in Refugee Villages

445,756 (Individuals) ‐ 32%

Populaion Outside Refugee Villages

948,611 (Individuals) ‐ 68%

16 Aug 2018 description


The Community-Based Protection and Urban Outreach Strategy (2017-2019) for Afghan Refugees in Pakistan was endorsed in July 2017. The overall goal of the strategy is for Afghan refugees living in Pakistan to be empowered and their resilient capacity strengthened, enabling them to minimize their exposure to protection risks and improve their overall protection environment, with a special focus on the most vulnerable.

The four key priorities of the strategy covers:

16 Aug 2018 description

*9,821 Afghan registered refugees (PoR cardholders) repatriated to Afghanistan from 1 March – 31 July 2018.

*14,682 Afghan refugee births registered from 1 January – 31 July 2018.

*1,368 IDP individuals (228 families) returned to their areas of origin in Pakistan since 1 January 2018.

Working with Partners

15 Aug 2018 description
report Rotary

“The fact that no new cases of wild poliovirus have been detected in Nigeria points to the improved surveillance and rapid response protocols Rotary and its Global Polio Eradication Initiative partners have established, particularly in insecure and inaccessible areas,” said Michael K. McGovern, chair of Rotary’s International PolioPlus Committee. “While this progress is promising, it’s time to redouble our efforts so we can continue to maintain the political and financial support necessary to end polio for good.”

14 Aug 2018 description

Key issues in the past week:

  • In Ghazni City, an estimated 270,000 residents are caught in a city that has turned into a battlefield.
  • The drought has led to further displacement in Badghis, Farah and Ghor provinces.
  • Humanitarian agencies provided assistance to 17,000 people in need in the past week.

3,660 New IDPs reported in the past week
175,850 Total verified IDPs in 2018
17,000 People assisted in the past week

Countrywide conflict displacement