Niue (New Zealand)
• On 14 February, the Government of Tonga requested UN support, through the humanitarian cluster system, to respond to the severe Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita that hit Tonga on the night of 12-13 February as a Category 4 system. In Tonga, to date, there are 108 evacuation centres for 4,500 evacuees, including 1,225 affected families in Tongatapu and 264 affected families in Eua.
Tropical Cyclone Gita passed Samoa on 10 February and Niue on 11 February, with damage and localized flooding reported in Samoa. TC Gita is forecast to strike Tonga on the evening of 12 February. As of 12 February, 12:00 UTC, TC Gita continues to move west as a Category 4 cyclone with winds of up to 213 km/h, it is expected to maintain this intensity as it passes over Tonga and into Fijian territorial waters. More than 80,000 people in Tonga are currently expected to be impacted by cyclone strength winds.
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
A gale warning remains in force for Niue, as tropical cyclone Tuni moves southeast around 160 kilometres northeast of the island.
Read the full article on the Radio New Zealand International
• El Niño alert issued, with meteorologists estimating a 70 per cent chance of event developing by late 2014.
• OCHA and the Pacific Humanitarian Team responded to five emergencies between November 2013 and May 2014.
• Recovery efforts in cyclone-affected Tonga include a cash-for-work programme focusing on food security and debris management.
• A study of the Pacific Humanitarian Team response in the Solomon Islands finds coordination support appreciated, but improved communication and assessments needed.
Philippines - Heavy rains hamper humanitarian activities in Bopha-affected areas. The revised Action Plan was launched in Manila on 25 January asking for US$76 million. As of 19 Jan, nearly 6,500 people are displaced in evacuation centers while nearly 845,000 are displaced outside of formal centers.
Indonesia - Mt. Rokatenda erupted on 3 Feb resulting in the evacuation of a number of villagers. The local authorities distributed 11,000 masks to villagers remaining on Palue island, where the volcano is located.
In this Climate Update, highlights include:
· Between 9 and 11 named Tropical Cyclones were forecast for the 2012 / 2013 South Pacific tropical cyclone season. 3 named Tropical Cyclones have occurred in the South Pacific so far.
· 11 Tropical Depressions have formed in the South Pacific since the beginning of the Tropical Cyclone Season.
· In the South Pacific, one Tropical Depression increased in intensity to Category 3 (Tropical Cyclone Garry) and two to Category 4 (Tropical Cyclone Evan and Freda).
U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)