Niue (New Zealand)
Introduction: Message from the Director General
I am pleased to introduce the Annual Report for 2016 and Director General’s Overview of Progress since the 27th SPREP Meeting held in Niue in September, 2016. It has been another successful year of implementation and results in support of Pacific island countries and territories.
SPREP Strategic Plan 2017–2026
The main purpose of the Working Group is to improve tsunami warning and mitigation services and information sharing for the PICT’s.
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)- Pacific Tsunami Warning Systems (PTWS) Working Group on Tsunami Warning and Mitigation for the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICT’s) has successfully completed its 5th regional meeting that was held in Honiara, Solomon Islands from the 7th to the 9th of August.
The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme has launched its new Strategic Plan, which will provide guidance and direction for the Secretariat over the next ten years.
The new Strategic Plan was approved at the annual SPREP meeting held last year in Niue, and has now replaced the previous five year strategic plan.
In a decisive move to combat the effects of climate change and disasters, Pacific Leaders endorsed the world's first ever integrated regional framework to build resilience to climate change and disasters at the annual Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) late last year.
Alexandra Wake, Senior lecturer, RMIT University
Disclosure Statement: Alexandra Wake is an academic who maintains a career as a freelance journalist. Her last assignment for ABC Radio Australia was more than two years ago.
SUVA, 26 October 2016 – Pacific countries have pledged to step up efforts to deal with the challenge posed by climate change and the threat of disasters, in order to ensure that their development is sustainable.
In a joint declaration wrapping up the three-day Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management, hosted by Fiji, the 17 countries reaffirmed their commitment to build a stronger and more resilient region in the face of rising climate impacts.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
27SM Niue News: 2015 SPREP Annual Report is now launched
The SPREP Annual Report for 2015 is now available online having been presented at the 27th SPREP Meeting in Niue on Day one. The Report, available in both English and French outlines the activities and project implemented with members and partners in 2015 as the region strives to achieve the SPREP vision - a Pacific environment that sustains our livelihoods and natural heritage in harmony with our cultures.
Climate change is now recognised as a factor driving the movement of people around the world.
Internationally, migration, displacement and human mobility are recognized in the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage, and further reinforced through the Paris Agreement in 2015. As Pacific Island countries increasingly experience the effects of climate change, more Pacific governments will need to consider options for dealing with human mobility.
5 November 2015, Alofi
BSPRA ground-breaking way to address how Pacific Island countries prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters was launched today by the European Union Ambassador for the Pacific, H.E. Andrew Jacobs, and the Premier of Niue, the Hon Toke Talagi, in the margins of the Pacific Community Conference in Alofi.
Niue is the first Pacific Island country to commit to the Strategic Roadmap for Emergency Management which will ensure its emergency services work together to build a solid foundation for a prosperous future for the people of Niue.
24 July 2015: The First Pacific Ministerial Meeting on Meteorology held here in Nuku’alofa today has adopted 25 points they believe will ensure that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) have the necessary capacity to support sustainable development in the region.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
OCHA in the Pacific
The Pacific is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. Small, vulnerable island states are isolated by vast expanses of ocean. They experience frequent and intense disasters with disproportionately high economic, social and environmental consequences.
In 1999, OCHA established a Regional Office for the Pacific to mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.