Appeals & Response Plans
- Nigeria: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Sep 2017
- Nigeria: Floods - Aug 2017
- Nigeria: Hepatitis E Outbreak - Jun 2017
- Nigeria: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2017
- Nigeria: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017
- West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Nigeria: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Dec 2016
- Nigeria: Measles Outbreak - Oct 2016
- Nigeria: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2016
- Benin/Nigeria/Togo: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
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• NCDC and partners are currently implementing the 2017/2018 preparedness and response plan through the multi-agency CSM Emergency Operations Centre (EOC). This is the fifth situation report.
• Isolated cases were detected from September 2017, and each followed up.
• Given the known epidemic season and increasing number of reported cases, a multi-agency CSM Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) was activated to alert mode on the 4th of December, 2017 (Week 49) to proactively coordinate response.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
• In December WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to 1.23 people (98 percent of the plan of the month) through in-kind distributions (77 percent) and cash-based transfers (23 percent) in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.
• Nutrition activities in Niger are suffering from critical funding gaps that risk to have effects not only on the implementation of activities but also on the already worrying levels of global acute malnutrition (GAM above the 10 percent serious threshold).
• Additional support for the Diffa emergency response is needed, due to instable security conditions that may lead to additional displacements and insufficient funding for emergency operations (impact on operations as early as March).
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Between 1 and 31 January 2018, over 8,000 people arrived via the Mediterranean to Europe, an 11% increase compared to the same month in 2017 during which over 7,200 arrived. Arrivals duing January comprised of 19% children, 13% women and 68% men.
Mali continues to face a volatile security situation amid growing threats of terrorism, criminality and intercommunity tensions in the northern and central regions.
Local populations face important protection risks amid limited access to public services, documentation, shelter, water, education and food security.
Despite significant challenges, the implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Accord advances slowly in order to re-establish peace and security in the region.
International prices of wheat and maize were generally firmer in January, supported by weather-related concerns and a weaker US dollar. Export price quotations of rice also strengthened mainly buoyed by renewed Asian demand.
In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, rose sharply for the third consecutive month in January and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
HIGHLIGHTS (JANUARY 2018) OF ADAMAWA STATE HEALTH SECTOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
Voluntary and dignified repatriation of over 4,500 refugees of Adamawa State extraction from Cameroon
Farmers/ Herders clash in Numan, Demsa and Song LGAs
HRP for 2018
Epidemiological updates of diseases
Conducted training on Accountability to Affected Population (AAP) capacity building for partners in conjunction with OCHA
Cluster Coordination Program Monitoring (CCPM)
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2018
- A total of 20 cases were reported in week 5, while 11 new cases were reported in weeks 6 of 2018. All cases were reported from Rann, Kala/Balge LGA.
- No cases reported from the other LGAs involved in the outbreak. No reports from any new area.
- Response activities have been intensified in the past three weeks in Rann particularly in WASH and risk communications.
The Lake Chad Basin Crisis remains one of the largest humanitarian emergencies in the world and continues to affect the North-East of Nigeria, the Far North Region of Cameroon, the Lac Region of Chad and the Diffa Region in Niger. Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four countries.
The Emergency Telecommunications Sector (ETS) deployed Internet connectivity and security telecommunications services at the humanitarian hub in Monguno.
The ETS extended Internet services to the Mobile Storage Unit (MSU) in Ngala, managed by Logistics Sector’s partners, to support humanitarian operations.
The ETS supported UN Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) in providing training to the newly-recruited radio operators in Maiduguri to ensure they can carry their jobs efficiently.
1,702,680* IDPs in Nigeria
*1.63 million displaced by the insurgency
(NEMA/IOM DTM Report, Round XX, December 2017)
201,537 Nigerian refugees displaced by the insurgency in Cameroon, Chad and Niger as of 31 January 2018
USD 161.1 M requested for the Nigeria situation Funded 8% 12.7 M
Funding gap 82% 148.4 M
HIGHLIGHTS AND OPERATIONAL CONTEXT
STOPPING SPREAD OF LASSA FEVER: INSTITUTING INFECTION PREVENTION CONTROL MEASURES IN HEALTH FACILITIES
As the Lassa fever outbreak continues in Epi-week 4, more states were affected with more confirmed cases reported in these states. A total of 297 suspected cases were reported from 13 states. 77 of these cases were laboratory confirmed. 21 deaths were recorded in confirmed and suspected giving a case fatality rate (CFR) of 27.6%.
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylumseekers and more than 50,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In January alone, 1,187 new arrivals were registered in Mbera. As the situation in northern Mali continues to be unstable, Mauritania struggles to cope with the growing needs of new refugees and the vulnerable host communities.
Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is an insect native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Its larval stage (photo) feeds on more than 80 plant species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops, and cotton. FAW can cause significant yield losses if not well managed. It can have a number of generations per year and the moth can fly up to 100 km per night. Its modality of introduction along with its biological and ecological adaptation across Africa are still speculative.