Appeals & Response Plans
- Mauritania: Drought - May 2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Mauritania: Floods - Sep 2013
- Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
- Mauritania: Floods - Aug 2010
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2009
- Mauritania: Floods - Aug 2009
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2008
- Mauritania: Floods - Aug 2007
Maps & Infographics
Legalising migrants can boost economic growth, improve international relations and prevent radicalisation.
Algeria and Morocco have for the past decade been important transit and stopover countries for migrants moving to Europe. Many also stop to seek informal work in Algeria’s $548.3 billion hydrocarbon economy and Morocco’s $257.3 billion diversified economy.
The AU’s initiative to help affected countries looks promising, but needs global backing.
11 SEP 2017 / BY LIESL LOUW-VAUDRAN
The African Union (AU) has developed an insurance mechanism to help member countries in the case of extreme weather conditions and natural disasters caused by climate change. As with many AU initiatives, the African Risk Capacity (ARC) is still poorly supported by member states, but this could change with added backing from the African Development Bank (AfDB) and others.
Dans ce numéro
- A l’ordre du jour : le 29e sommet de l’UA
Lors du récent sommet de l’Union africaine, quelques pays se sont plaints du processus décisionnel des réformes de l’organisation.
Les dirigeants ont par ailleurs décidé que septembre serait un « mois d’amnistie » pour les individus détenant des armes illégales.
In this issue
On the Agenda: 29th AU summit At the recent African Union (AU) summit in Addis Ababa some countries complained about the way decisions on AU reforms had been made.
Leaders decided, among other measures, that September would be amnesty month for those possessing illegal weapons.
Agir à l’échelle régionale dans le Sahel jusqu’en avril 2016 demeurait encore une exception, la majorité des projets continuant jusque-là à être mise en œuvre sur le plan national. En outre, le Mali demeure le point focal des initiatives de coopération en matière de gouvernance et de sécurité. Les projets ciblant les institutions étatiques sont deux fois plus nombreux que ceux destinés à la société civile. Enfin, les projets relatifs à la gouvernance tendent à avoir des budgets plus élevés que ceux qui concernent les domaines de la sécurité.
On 2 July 2017 leaders of the G5 Sahel, which consists of Chad, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Mali and Niger, officially launched the new G5 Sahel force, in the presence of French President Emmanuel Macron. This followed a meeting in February 2017 in which the G5 Sahel heads of state announced that a new force would be set up to fight terrorism in the sub-region. This announcement followed the creation of the Liptako Gourma securitisation force by Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger in late January to combat instability in this border region.
The African Union and its partners are a vital part in combating the continent’s crises.
Now more than ever, Africa needs the help of the African Union (AU) and its partners in tackling security threats and other ongoing crises – particularly in the Sahel region and the Horn of Africa.
It’s these and other issues that are going to keep Africa’s leaders busy at the 29th AU summit in Addis Ababa from 27 June to 4 July, and more specifically the AU Assembly meeting of heads of state on 3 and 4 July.
In July 2016 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) and the United Nations (UN) sent a technical team to assess the situation in Mali and the Sahel. This was in response to the continued instability in the country, despite efforts by Malian and international forces. Plans for more offensive action against armed jihadist groups have been afoot for quite some time, but can they work?
Sandra Adong Oder, Senior Researcher, Conflict Management and Peace Building Division, ISS Pretoria
West Africa, like all other regions of the African continent, has been faced with a multitude of security challenges since the end of European colonisation in the region in the early 1960s. And as most West African countries celebrate 50 years of independence in the year 2010, which the African Union (AU) has proclaimed as the "Year of Peace", many of these challenges remain acute.
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
Early Warning Issues for October
Country Analysis: Liberia
PSC Retrospective - PSC's cooperation with the ICRC
Regional Analysis: Maghreb
PSC Retrospective: AU Solemn Declaration on A Common African Defence and Security Policy
PSC and Protection of Civilians by AU Missions: Towards Guidelines
PSC Spot Light: The African Union Commission Special Envoys
Important Forthcoming Dates
This Report is an independent publication of the Institute for Security Studies.
Gugu Dube, Dominique Dye (Junior Researchers) & Noël Stott, Senior Research Fellow, Arms Management Programme, ISS Pretoria
From the 9th - 11 September 2009, representatives from African states participated in the 3rd Continental Conference of African Experts on Landmines. The conference was hosted by the Government of the Republic of South Africa, in collaboration with the African Union (AU) and with the financial support of the European Union.
Since Mauritania attained its independence from France in 1960, it has experienced a series of military coups. The first of these was in 1978 when former president Moktar Ould Dadda was ousted in a bloodless coup and the latest one was carried out in August 2008 when President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdullahi, the first freely elected president, was ousted by a coup led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
The gut-reaction by the international community after the 2008 coup was condemnation and then sanctions.
Early Warning Issues for August
The scheduled Rotating Chair of the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) for the month of August is Gabon. In the absence of a country's representation at ambassadorial level, an alternate member will chair the Council for the month.
The PSC issued communiqué PSC/PR/Comm.(CLXXXI) on 20 March 2009 on the situation in Madagascar calling for a restoration of constitutional order in the country. The current Foreign Minister has suggested that elections might be convened at the end of 2009.
"We want to prevent Mauritania from falling into a vicious cycle, where the crisis deepens and the international community is compelled to take steps that would be unfortunate for the lives and for the future of the Mauritanian people."- Ramtane Lamamra, African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security.
The military coup that took place in Mauritania on the 6th of August, just a few months after the first democratic elections since independence in 1960, highlighted once again the danger that the army still poses for political stability in Africa.