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16 Dec 2017 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 10-16 December 2017 and includes updates on diphtheria, influenza, Salmonella and cholera.

01 Dec 2017 description
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Abridged version - Chinese - Other version
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Abridged version - French - French version
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Abridged version - Spanish - Spanish version

The Global Humanitarian Overview

  • Is the world’s most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of humanitarian needs;

  • Is based on detailed analysis of wide-ranging data from many different sources, and face-to-face interviews with hundreds of thousands of people directly affected by humanitarian crises across the globe;

27 Nov 2017 description

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Southern Africa continues to recover from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, which by January 2017 had affected about 41 million people across the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)1. The substantial government- and SADC-led response, supported by $900 million from the international humanitarian community2, empowered farmers to take advantage of a good 2016/2017 rainfall season, delivering an April 2017 cereal harvest 3 per cent above the 5-year average.

18 Nov 2017 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 November 2017 and includes updates on Legionnaires' disease, influenza, West Nile fever, chikungunya, yellow fever, plague, monkeypox, marburg virus disease, malaria and cholera.

16 Nov 2017 description
report APOPO

MOROGORO, Tanzania — The charity famed for its use of specially trained rats in landmine and tuberculosis detection celebrates its 20th anniversary this week.

Harnessing the highly attuned sense of smell in the African giant pouched rat, the international organization APOPO has spent the last two decades training these affectionate rodents in detecting two of the deadliest threats on the planet: landmines and tuberculosis. Each gives off its own unique smell, undetectable to humans, something which the rats are able to quickly sniff out.

16 Nov 2017 description

Abidjan, 16 November, 2017 - A newly released nutrition report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa has revealed that undernutrition is still persistent in the region and the number of stunted children has increased. The Africa Nutrition Report, launched today in Abidjan, Ivory Coast also indicates that a growing number of children under five years old are overweight.

15 Nov 2017 description

ZOONOTIC THREATS

ANIMAL DISEASES THAT ALSO AFFECT HUMANS

Zoonoses are diseases that are naturally transmissible between animals and humans. It is estimated that about 60 percent of known human infectious diseases originate from animals, and that 75 percent of newly emerging diseases affecting humans are zoonotic, with most coming from wildlife. Zoonoses can cause severe and potentially fatal illness in animals and humans, as well as serious epidemics and pandemics.

14 Nov 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 106,005 cholera / AWD cases and 1639 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 12 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda,
Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Of the countries reporting,
Somalia accounts for 74% of the total cases reported in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 16%.

02 Nov 2017 description

This year plague came early to Madagascar and spread quickly. When it began to move out from the areas where it traditionally occurs, people became increasingly alarmed – both within the island nation and in neighbouring territories and countries.

From August to late October 2017, more than 1800 suspected, probable or confirmed plague cases were reported, resulting in 127 deaths. This outbreak is unusually severe, and there are still five more months to go before the end of the plague season.

02 Nov 2017 description
report Save the Children

Executive summary

THE WORLD’S BIGGEST INFECTIOUS KILLER

Writing in 1901, William Osler, one of the founders of modern medicine, described pneumonia as “the captain of the men of death”. He was writing about the USA, where the disease was a major killer of children – and a source of fear for their parents. Pneumonia remains a “captain of the men of death”. No infectious disease claims the lives of more children. Today, almost all of the victims are in low- and middle-income countries. The vast majority are poor.

25 Oct 2017 description

Overview

Estimate the change in the situation of acute malnutrition in children from 6-59 months and of pregnant and lactating women and nutritional status of women from (15-49 years) at the end of the food shortage period in the districts Identified with great vulnerability to malnutrition and food insecurity.

Challenges

  • Increase the number of analysis by districts;

  • Have one training for nutrition and food security experts in the same room

25 Oct 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 104,095 cholera / AWD cases and 1562 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 12 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia,
South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 75% of the total cases reported in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.9%.

24 Oct 2017 description

Abuja, 23 October 2017-Together, Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo account for over 40 per cent of the global malaria illnesses and deaths. Children under the age of five are particularly vulnerable. Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea, which are preventable and curable, are responsible for about one third of child deaths.

20 Oct 2017 description

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

A plague outbreak in Madagascar has raised concern in neighbouring countries. As of 12 October, a total of 684 cases (suspected, probable and confirmed) including 57 deaths (CFR 8.3%) have been reported from 35 out of 114 districts. Of these 474 were clinically classified as pneumonic plague.

The Madagascar Ministry of Health (MoH) reported caseload on 16 October was 805 (confirmed and suspected) with 74 deaths.

16 Oct 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018

  • FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries

  • USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

16 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

The 2015–2016 El Niño phenomenon resulted in the worst drought in 35 years for much of southern Africa.
In the eight most-affected countries (Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia,
Swaziland and Zimbabwe), an estimated 16.1 million people required assistance between December 2016 and March 2017, including some 5 million children who required urgent humanitarian assistance.