- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Mozambique/Malawi: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Hellen - Mar 2014
- Mozambique: Floods - Jan 2013
- Tropical Storm Irina - Mar 2012
- Mozambique: Storms and Floods - Jan 2012
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
As of 17 March, over 433,000 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar between 7-10 March.
Over 81 people have been killed, 253 wounded, and 247,000 displaced. Floods have damaged health facilities, leaving over 250,000 people without access to health services. An estimated 175,000 people do not have access to safe potable water, and water-borne diseases are on the rise.
100,000 people in Unity face Catastrophe (IPC 5) food outcomes between February and April 2017, up from 80,000 in January. Leer, Mayendit and Koch counties are most affected. Although pockets of famine were previously reported in August and September 2016, the food security situation has since significantly deteriorated, and this is expected to continue until the peak of the lean season in July 2017. Lack of humanitarian access to the affected areas is a further concern.
Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rains have been affecting central and southern provinces in Mozambique. 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecaste for the first quarter of 2017.
OUTLOOK FOR AUGUST - MARCH 2017
As of 11 August, there was an approximate 55–60% chance of La Niña conditions developing during the last quarter of 2016 and first quarter of 2017. It is forecasted to be weak and short-lived.
Syria: In recent weeks, clashes between Islamic State and other non-government forces over the border area between Turkey and Syria have intensified. IDPs in camps located along the border are at risk: over 35,000 have fled the area since 14 April and are in need of protection. Additional displacement is likely.
Iraq: The humanitarian situation in besieged Fallujah continues to deteriorate. Supply lines have been cut off since December, when government forces surrounded the city. Islamic State is reportedly preventing people from leaving. Prices of basic food stuffs are 500% above December prices for the third consecutive month. Acute shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as cases of starvation and suicide, have been reported.
Snapshot 31 March–5 April 2016
Syria: The most serious violation of the cessation of hostilities occurred on 2 April around Aleppo, when fighting broke out between government forces and non-government forces. In addition, eight of 18 besieged areas were not reached by humanitarian assistance in February and March, including around 250,000 people in Darayya and Eastern Ghouta in Rural Damascus.
Snapshot 23–30 March 2016
South Sudan: Between 20,000 and 50,000 people are now reported to have been displaced in Wau county, Western Bahr el Ghazal, since fighting escalated in February. Houses have been looted and burned and there are reports of killings and rape in the area around Wau town. At least 8,000 people are sheltering in public buildings or with host communities in Mboro town: food, water and shelter are priority needs.
Snapshot 16 – 22 March
Somalia: On 15 March Al Shabaab moved into Puntland and seized control of Garad, a port town. In the following days Al Shabaab captured another coastal town in Nugaal region and attacked a security checkpoint near Bosaso. Most of the residents are reported to have fled the area. Al Shabaab has previously been active in Puntland, but generally around its base of the Galgala Mountains, west of Bosaso, and it has not attempted to take territory.
Snapshot 9 – 15 March
Yemen: Insecurity in Aden is increasing, with attacks carried out on civilian targets. At least 150 people have been reported killed in the past three months, including at least 50 in March. Humanitarian actors have increasing difficulty to carry out operations. In Taizz, the west of the city has been taken by pro-Hadi forces after heavy fighting: fighting for the east continues.
Armed clashes between the Mozambican army and opposition party Renamo have prompted over 11,000 people to flee to Kapise, Mwanza district, Malawi, since mid December. Conditions in the camp are harsh: it is overcrowded, there is very limited sanitation infrastructure, and no educational facilities. Major needs include access to water and sanitation, and shelter construction. The camp is located in a hard-to-reach area, and rains have severely damaged the only accessible road.
Snapshot 2–8 March 2016
Malawi and Mozambique: Flooding and drought have led to the most severe food crisis Malawi has faced in a decade: 2.8 million people face acute food insecurity, including 900,000 facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes. In Mozambique, an estimated 600,000 people are in Crisis due to drought. In addition, 9,300 Mozambicans in Malawi who fled armed conflict need WASH, health and shelter assistance.
As of 18 March, almost 6,000 cases of cholera, including 47 deaths, have been registered in five provinces, mainly in the north of the country, since first reported in December. Over 13–15 March, 353 new cases and three deaths were recorded countrywide.
The number of new cases is decreasing in all provinces but Zambezia, where the number of new cases in provincial capital Quelimane continues to rise. Existing capacities for treatment are limited and overstretched.
Heavy rainfall since the beginning of January has caused significant flooding in northern and central parts of Mozambique, particularly in Zambezia, Niassa, Nampula, and Cabo Delgado provinces.
As of 16 January, 20,000 people have been displaced and 100,000 people are estimated to be affected.
Power cuts in northern and central provinces are affecting 300,000.
Very little further information on the impact of the rains is available.
In Syria, heavy fighting continues between the Government and opposition groups as well as infighting within the opposition. Against this background, the UN Security Council endorsed the Russia-US agreement on the elimination of Syria’s chemical stockpile. There are now over 2.1 million Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries. As of 27 September, heavy shelling is preventing an estimated 70,000 Syrian refugees from crossing into Jordan, leading them to face severe food insecurity as they remain stranded on the border.
Snapshot 16-23 September
Snapshot 17 June - 24 June 2013