8 entries found
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13 Sep 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background: HIV testing with counseling is an integral component of most national HIV and AIDS prevention strategies in southern Africa.

08 Jun 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Carolyn M Audet, Janeen Burlison, Troy D Moon, Mohsin Sidat, Alfredo E Vergara and Sten H Vermund

Abstract

Background: A legacy of colonial rule coupled with a devastating 16-year civil war through 1992 left Mozambique economically impoverished just as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic swept over southern Africa in the late 1980s. The crumbling Mozambican health care system was wholly inadequate to support the need for new chronic disease services for people with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

21 Mar 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Background

The objective was to study if an association exists between the incidence of malaria and some weather parameters in tropical Maputo province, Mozambique.

Methods

A Bayesian hierarchical model to malaria count data aggregated at district level over a two years period is formulated. This model made it possible to account for spatial area variations. The model was extended to include environmental covariates temperature and rainfall. Study period was then divided into two climate conditions: rainy and dry seasons.

30 Dec 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Little is known about the process of knowledge translation in low- and middle-income countries. We studied policymaking processes in Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe to understand the factors affecting the use of research evidence in national policy development, with a particular focus on the findings from randomized control trials (RCTs).

17 Jun 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Vitamin A deficiency and malaria are both highly prevalent health problems in Africa. Vitamin A deficiency affects over 30 million children, most of whom are in the age-group (under five years) most affected by malaria. Vitamin A deficiency increases all-cause mortality in this part of the population, and malaria is an important cause of death in children at this age.

17 Jun 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background

A key to making insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) a long-term, sustainable solution to the spread of malaria is understanding what drives their purchase and use. Few studies have analysed the determinants of demand for bed nets for malaria prevention at the household level, and in particular, how demand for nets compares with demand for other mosquito prevention methods.

Methods

This study uses a household survey to assess the determinants of demand for bed nets in an area of endemic malaria transmission in rural, southern Mozambique.

12 Mar 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Health facility assessments are being increasingly used to measure and monitor indicators of health workforce performance, but the global evidence base remains weak. Partly this is due to the wide variability in assessment methods and tools, hampering comparability across and within countries and over time. The World Health Organization coordinated a series of facility-based surveys using a common approach in six countries: Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Jamaica, Mozambique, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.

15 Dec 2008 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

The potential impact of HIV-1 on falciparum malaria has been difficult to determine because of diagnostic problems and insufficient epidemiological data.

Methods

In a prospective, cross-sectional study, clinical and laboratory data was registered consecutively for all adults admitted to a medical ward in the Central Hospital of Maputo, Mozambique, during two months from 28th October 2006. Risk factors for fatal outcome were analysed.