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19 Jun 2017 description

Instability from Burundi’s political crisis continues to worsen with the numbers of refugees and displaced persons showing no signs of abating.

An upward surge in Burundian refugees in 2017 corresponds with a rise in conflict incidents, many of which have been initiated by the Imbonerakure—the ruling party’s youth militia. In June 2017, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Burundi documented mass atrocities on a widespread scale “reinforced by hate speech, sometimes with an ethnic dimension, delivered by certain state officials and members of the ruling party.”

19 Mar 2013 description

Par Prosper Nzekani Zena

Points Saillants

  • Malgré des succès louables, quelques initiatives de désarmement, de démobilisation et de réintégration (DDR) incomplètes ou mal conçues ont été les facteurs clés du phénomène fréquent de la reprise des conflits en Afrique.

  • La réintégration est la composante la plus complexe et la plus critique du DDR, mais celle à laquelle est accordée néanmoins la priorité la plus basse.

15 Jan 2013 description

By Prosper Nzekani Zena

  • Notwithstanding laudable successes, incomplete or poorly conceived disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) initiatives have been key factors to high rates of conflict relapse in Africa.

  • Reintegration is the most complex and critical yet least prioritized facet of DDR.

  • The decision to integrate former militias into the national army is typically a political expediency that impedes military professionalism and increases the likelihood of human rights abuses and instability.