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31 Dec 2016 description

Working and discussion papers

December 2016

Sarah Bailey

There are two areas where cash transfers could play a role in humanitarian assistance in Mozambique: in response to natural disasters and in support of the long-term refugee population. This working paper focuses on refugees.

24 Apr 2013 description

This synthesis report presents qualitative and participatory research findings on beneficiary and community perceptions of five unconditional cash transfer programmes: two in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region (the Palestinian National Cash Transfer Programme (PNCTP) in Gaza and the West Bank, and the Social Welfare Fund (SWF) in Yemen); and three in sub-Saharan Africa (Kenya’s Cash Transfers for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) programme, Mozambique’s Basic Social Subsidy Programme (PSSB), and Uganda’s Senior Citizen Grant (SCG), part of the Social Assistance Grants …

17 Sep 2012 description

*Little change to estimates of cereals harvests

Maize and wheat prices remain high, but may have peaked*

KEY POINTS

  • Estimates of cereal harvests have changed little from August to September. Further cuts to estimates of the already bad US maize harvest have been quite small.

  • Hence the sharp price rises seen in the maize and wheat markets in July have probably reached their limit — even if at more than US$320 a tonne for maize, US$365 a tonne for wheat, prices are high.

22 Feb 2012 description

If global warming is to be held to no more than 2°C this century, then greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have to be reduced. Agriculture is responsible for between 11% and 35% of total emissions of GHG, the higher figure applying when the effects of converting forest, peat and wet lands to farming are included. Technically, there are ways to reduce emissions from agriculture and forestry at relatively low cost. Indeed, through carbon capture in soils and plants, agriculture could — for at least some time — drastically reduce its net emissions, perhaps getting close to zero.

05 Jan 2012 description

ODI Briefing Papers 71, January 2012

Authors: Eva Ludi, Lindsey Jones and Simon Levine

Change is a constant in the lives of rural people in Africa. They have had to cope with both sudden shocks such as war, rain failures and food price spikes and with long-term stresses such as increasing population pressure on land, declines in their terms of trade, and the degradation of land and water. They will have to cope with these pressures in the future, coupled with the growing impact of climate change.

22 Dec 2011 description

Change is a constant in the lives of rural people in Africa. For most developing countries, climate change adds another layer of complexity to existing development challenges, such as high levels of poverty and inequality, rapid population growth, underdeveloped markets, poor infrastructure and service provision, and weak governance systems.

03 Oct 2011 description

Drawing on the RAPID Outcome Assessment methodology, this report examines the influence of Regional Hunger and Vulnerability Programme (RHVP) on policy in southern Africa and shares lessons learned from these experiences.

27 Oct 2010 description

Emerging aid donors, such as China, India and, increasingly, Brazil, are changing the international aid architecture and challenging some of its tenets, such as the current consensus on 'aid effectiveness'.

13 Oct 2010 description

Authors: Steve Wiggins, Julia Compton and Sharada Keats

The issue of rising food prices came to international attention in early 2008. This document answers the following questions about the crisis and responses to it:

  • What has happened to food prices and why?
  • Why are food prices important & where can we find them?
  • How have countries and the international community responded?
  • The future

30 Apr 2009 description

ODI Background Note

By Liesbet Steer and Cecilie Wathne

Through the Paris and Accra declarations, over one hundred countries have committed to a new model of partnership, in which donors and partner countries hold one another mutually accountable for development results and aid effectiveness. Mutual accountability (MA) is a practical response to recent experiences in building greater transparency and accountability at country level, and to lessons learned about the role of country ownership in delivering development results.

29 Apr 2009 description

ODI opinion 130

History shows that political instability and recession do not operate far apart. Since the end of the Cold War, levels of instability in Africa have subsided, when compared to the preceding decades and, by and large, the level of political violence is at its lowest since the 1960s. As Figure 1 shows, worldwide economic and social stability - and instability - tend to go hand in hand.

25 Mar 2009 description

ODI Briefing Paper 50

Context is critical for tailored responses

The global HIV epidemic may have stabilised, and the number of new infections has fallen slightly since 2001. But there is no room for complacency. In 2007, 33 million people were living with HIV, and two million people died as a result of AIDs-related illnesses. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to bear the brunt of the global epidemic, accounting for more than two-thirds (68%) of all adults and 90% of all children with HIV (UNAIDS, 2008). In many regions, high levels of HIV infection coincide with humanitarian emergencies.

18 Mar 2009 description

ODI background note

By Alan Nicol and Nanki Kaur

Water is the key medium that links atmospheric temperature rises to changes in human and physical systems.

Climate change will alter the hydrological cycle in many ways. The trigger is the warming of the atmosphere and oceans, which will change major weather systems.

03 May 2007 description

Review of Lessons Learnt on Recent Responses to Chronic and Transitory Hunger and Vulnerability

Executive Summary

This study was commissioned and supported by a group of agencies involved in the humanitarian response in southern Africa; OXFAM, WVI, CARE, the Regional Hunger and Vulnerability Programme and OCHA.

30 Sep 2003 description


Extract from Forum Summary Paper "Achieving food security in Southern Africa: policy issues and options", Draft, September 2003
John Young and Julius Court

Introduction

31 Aug 2003 description

Colin Poulton and Andrew Dorward
Centre for Development and Poverty Reduction,
Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College London