- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Mozambique/Malawi: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Hellen - Mar 2014
- Mozambique: Floods - Jan 2013
- Tropical Storm Irina - Mar 2012
- Mozambique: Storms and Floods - Jan 2012
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
Heavy rains are expected in eastern Southern Africa, increasing risks for localized flooding during the next outlook period.
1) Both delayed start and poor distribution of rainfall since the beginning of the October-December rainy season have led to moisture deficits and below-average ground conditions across northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, the potential for recovery is unlikely.
In 2009, an estimated 400 000 children were newly infected with HIV, with 90% of infections occurring in children in sub-Saharan Africa through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Without any intervention, the risk of MTCT ranges from 20% to 45%; without any treatment, half of the babies will die before their second birthday. About 42 000 to 60 000 of pregnant women die from HIV. In contrast, in high-income countries, the number of new infections among children as well as the number of maternal and child deaths due to HIV are virtually zero.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2014
Enhanced rains were observed across Southern Africa during the past observation period.
1) Both delayed start and poor distribution of rainfall since the beginning of the October- December rainy season have led to moisture deficits and below-average ground conditions across northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, the potential for recovery is unlikely.
Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).
Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania experiences poor rainfall performance
Good rains in early December slightly help to ease 1-to-2-year dryness in southern Angola, Botswana, northern Namibia, and South Africa
Onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe delayed by more than 1 month
Increased rains during the past week have helped to replenish soil moisture in eastern Southern Africa, while limited rains have worsened dryness in northern Kenya and southern Somalia.
1) Though an increase in rainfall was observed in southern Kenya over the past few weeks, the delayed onset and uneven distribution of the October-December rainy season have already negatively impacted ground conditions over northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.
Below-average rainfall was observed in eastern Southern Africa during the past week, exacerbating dryness over parts of Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique.
1) Although local areas of equatorial eastern Africa have received increased rainfall over the past few weeks, poor rainfall performance since the beginning of the October has led to large moisture deficits over central Kenya and southern Somalia. This dryness is likely to negatively impact the development of crops and pastoral conditions, with little opportunity for recovery before the end of the rainy season.
Abnormal dryness has settled in across eastern Southern Africa due to a poor rainfall distribution during November.
1) While some local areas observed some moisture recovery along the Jubba River basin in southern Somalia during mid-November, the absence of precipitation in October has led to significant moisture deficits across many parts of southern Somalia and eastern Kenya. This dryness is likely to negatively impact the development of crops, and pastoral conditions with little opportunity for recovery before the end of the rains season.
A cholera outbreak has been recorded in Cunene Province which has claimed the lives of dozens of people.
On 28 November 2013, heavy rains were recorded in Mauritius, however no major damage was reported. Some schools were forced to close and unconfirmed reports indicate that approximately 45 houses were affected by water damage, with a total of 279 people accommodated in emergency shelters.
There are more than half a million people of concern to UNHCR in Southern Africa. At the end of 2012 they included some 134,000 refugees, 272,000 asylum-seekers and almost 19,740 returnees.
Rainfall is erratic and below normal in areas with September/October onset
• The season began in several parts of the region, with below normal rainfall being received in the south-western and north-eastern parts of the region.
• While awaiting the onset of rains expected in November and December, dry conditions from the last two seasons have persisted in parts of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
•Below average rains received in the first two months of the rainfall season
•Delayed start of rains in some parts of the region
•High food insecurity levels persist in the region
•Cholera outbreak concerns in parts of the region
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and October 2013, as well as the ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States is provided.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
Jean-Louis Robinson and Hery Rajaonarimampianina are to run against each other in the second round of the Presidential elections scheduled for 20 December.
A tense political climate surrounds the holding of municipal elections, scheduled for 20 November, with Renamo boycotting the elections and scuffles having reportedly broken out between supporters of Movimento Democrático de Moçambique (MDM) and riot police in Beira over the weekend.
The election results have been officially announced. No candidate received more than 50% of the vote, meaning that Jean-Louis Robinson (with 21.1% of the vote) and Hery Rajaonarimampianina (with 15.9% of the votes) will run against each other in the second round of the presidential elections scheduled for 20 December 2013.
Lower levels of assistance projected due to inadequate funding in affected areas in the region
(Pretoria, 08 November 2013): A groundbreaking study into the threats likely to confront southern African communities over the next decade has been released. Titled Humanitarian Trends in Southern Africa: Challenges and Opportunities, the study identifies regional and global factors that may impact the lives and livelihoods of southern Africans and, as importantly, the available capacities to address these challenges.
Dry conditions from past two seasons affecting water and pasture conditions
• The dry conditions of the last two seasons have resulted in a poor water situation and poor pasture conditions in parts of the region including Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Normal to above- normal rainfall will be required this season to offset these water deficits.