- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Mozambique/Malawi: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Hellen - Mar 2014
- Mozambique: Floods - Jan 2013
- Tropical Storm Irina - Mar 2012
- Mozambique: Storms and Floods - Jan 2012
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
State of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in the Southern African Development Community
Risk rises as women and girls turn to sex to survive and hungry patients miss treatment, UNICEF says
By Magdalena Mis
ROME, July 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Drought exacerbated by the El Nino weather pattern could lead to a spike in new HIV infections in southern Africa as women and girls turn to sex to survive and patients miss treatments, the United Nations childrens' agency UNICEF said on Tuesday.
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Niño event which is negatively affecting livelihoods and the quality of lives across the region.
Four Member States have already declared national drought emergencies (Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe). South Africa has declared a drought emergency in 7 of the country’s 9 provinces. Mozambique declared a 90-day institutional red alert for some southern and central areas.
The situation in Lesotho remains calm but tense. It is being reported that Lieutenant General Tlali Kamoli is refusing to negotiate an end to the political stalemate. South Africa and SADC are still very much committed to dialogue to resolve the current situation.
In Focus: Mozambique
The SADC Regional Climate Outlook for the rainfall season 2014/15 predicts normal to above-normal rainfall for most of the region this rainfall season (October 2014 to March 2015).
On 28 August a swarm of locusts invaded the capital Antananarivo. No significant crop damage has been reported, but the situation draws attention to the need for continued support for the three-year anti-locust campaign, which faces a funding gap of US$ 10 million.
Regional Update (updated 15th of July 2014)
The SADC Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA) Programme which comprises the multi-agency Regional Vulnerability Assessment Committee (RVAC) and the National Vulnerability Assessment Committees (NVACs), reported that the SADC generally experienced poor rainfall performance for crop production during the 2011/12 growing season. Many parts, especially in the southern half of the region experienced late onset of rains, followed by widespread localized prolonged gry spells especially in the second half of the season when most of the crops were at critical development stages.
Maize grain prices rise as regional supplies tighten
Lesotho has launched a Flash Appeal to respond to the dire food security situation.
The appeal is only 22% funded to date, with a current shortfall of around $30 million
Swaziland was hit by severe storms in September that affected hundreds of people
The SADC Preparedness Workshop enables Governments and partners to identify priority areas in the run-up to the rainfall season and address gaps.
Food Insecurity to Intensify in the Region
A total of 5.48 million people will be food insecure in the 2012/13 consumption year. This is a staggering increase of 39% from the 2011/12 consumption year.
Increasing staple food prices, high fuel prices and declining purchasing power
Food insecurity to rise as staple food harvests fail to meet region’s requirements
Although most parts of the region will remain food secure following the recent main season crop harvests, reduced harvests in areas affected by prolonged mid-season dry spells and /or floods have resulted in pockets of acute food insecurity in localized areas. In these parts of the region food access is already problematic for the affected households, and the lean season is expected to begin much earlier than the normal October/November start.
- Due to poor and erratic rains at the beginning of the season most farmers in the lowland areas have not planted. - Prices of maize meal (staple food) are gradually increasing.
- Rice production has decreased by 9% and local rice prices have increased by 11% compared to 2010 campaign.
- The National Meteorology Department has forecasted a very active cyclone season this year – Cyclone Giovanna about to make landfall
Note: map in 2 pages
This report was issued by the Regional Office for Southern & Eastern Africa (ROSEA). It covers the period January to May 2011.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· In total, an estimated 708,000 people were affected by floods and/or storms in southern Africa this rainfall season, with 314,361 either displaced or evacuated and 477 people killed.
· In comparison with the previous four seasons, the 2010/2011 flood season was average in terms of number of people affected, although the number of deaths was markedly high.
Consecutive years of good harvests make for favorable regional food security
• Favorable food security conditions exist across the region with most staple foods being readily available and accessible from both own production and local markets. These conditions are expected to prevail through the outlook period and beyond, especially in areas where crop production has been good due to a favorable agricultural production season.
Lesotho · The preliminary findings of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment show that the agricultural sector is the most affected by the heavy rains. It is anticipated that in the second half of the year food security will deteriorate significantly.
· In the South, harvest of maize and peanuts was good compared to last year. · Price of fuel has risen by 2%.
Following the joint rapid assessment led by DMA, the World Bank is assisting the country to undertake Post Disaster Needs Assessment to further understand the impact of heavy rains on different sectors. Poor crop production is anticipated this year.
The UN Emergency and Response Task Force chaired by WFP and co-chaired by UNDP met with NGOs to respond to the impact of heavy rains.
- Following the joint rapid assessment led by DMA, the World Bank is assisting the country to undertake Post Disaster Needs Assessment to further understand the impact of heavy rains on different sectors.
- Poor crop production is anticipated this year.
- Tropical Storm BINGIZA passed over the southern of Madagascar before exited through the South-East costs in mid-February.
This report was issued by the Regional Office for Southern & Eastern Africa (ROSEA). It covers the period 23 February to 01 March 2011. The next report will be issued on or around 09 March 2011.
HIGHLIGHTS / KEY PRIORITIES
=B7 In northern Namibia, flooding has started to occur in the Oshana region.