- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Mozambique/Malawi: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Hellen - Mar 2014
- Mozambique: Floods - Jan 2013
- Tropical Storm Irina - Mar 2012
- Mozambique: Storms and Floods - Jan 2012
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of two million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to complement and support the country-level emergency operations related to food crises in Africa, mainly those Emergency Appeals and DREF funded operations focusing on drought and food insecurity. This regional appeal will ensure that the response to the food crises in Africa is effectively managed and coordinated beyond the country level, focusing on five key objectives:
The Global Humanitarian Overview
Is the world’s most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of humanitarian needs;
Is based on detailed analysis of wide-ranging data from many different sources, and face-to-face interviews with hundreds of thousands of people directly affected by humanitarian crises across the globe;
Mozambique achieved some hunger targets under Millennium Development Goal 1, but challenges remain in terms of Sustainable Development Goal 2, particularly with regard to chronic malnutrition rates and vulnerability to natural disasters, which are among the highest worldwide.
An overview of the crisis
Cyclone Dineo made landfall on the coast of Inhambane province, south of Mozambique the night of Wednesday February 15th 2017 accompanied by winds of 160 kilometers per hour. It finally dissipated over South Africa and Zimbabwe on Friday February 17th.
Total people in need:16.1 million
Total children (< 18) in need: 5.2 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 7.2 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 3.8 million
Hunger is not inevitable As 2016 comes to an end, almost 130-million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Throughout the year, natural hazards, conflict and protracted crises have placed a particularly heavy burden on the poor, who are often extremely vulnerable to shocks. Across 22-affected areas, 70-million people are currently in Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Phase 3 or above.
El Niño conditions persisting during the 2015/16 planting season have caused the worst drought in 35 years in Southern Africa, resulting in a second consecutive failed harvest. This has created severe food shortages and compounded existing vulnerabilities. Since July 2016, Namibia and Botswana have declared national drought emergencies, in addition to the declarations made earlier by Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. Madagascar issued a letter of solidarity with the SADC Appeal, and Mozambique has maintained a red alert in affected areas.
- While generous donor support has assisted humanitarian responders to reach millions of drought-affected people, significant funding shortages continue to impede the response. Only half of the funds for emergency food and agriculture assistance has been raised, while many other sectoral responses remain largely unfunded, including education (12 per cent funded); protection (18 per cent); water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) (18 per cent); and early recovery (26 per cent).
Framing the FAO El Niño Response Plan
Situation and impact
Southern Africa has been struggling with an intense drought that has expanded and strengthened since the earliest stages of the 2015/16 agricultural season, driven by one of the strongest El Niño events of the last 50 years. The effects on food security and livelihoods have been exacerbated by sluggish economic performance in some countries and the depreciation of national currencies set against a background of chronic vulnerabilities.
The 2015-16 El Niño event has resulted in the worst drought in much of southern Africa in 35 years. is has had a catastrophic e ect on the food security of millions of people across the region. Beyond a food security crisis, the region has wider humanitarian needs that result from water scarcity, including impacts on access to water and sanitation, education, health services and livelihoods.
In Southern Africa, the effects of the 2015/16 El Niño event continue to devastate the lives and livelihoods of millions of smallholder farmers, pastoralists and agropastoralists. Two, and in some cases three, consecutive seasons of drought and poor harvests have particularly hit vulnerable families, as prices of staple foods have risen and their own production fallen. Lack of water and pasture has also severely constrained livestock production. Almost 40 million people are expected to face food insecurity by the peak of the coming lean season (late 2016/early 2017).
Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the region.
Total affected population: 1,500,000
Total affected children (<18): 850,000
Total people to be reached in 2016: 243,960
Total children to be reached in 2016: 67,920
2016 Programme Targets
- 27,500 children under 5 with SAM admitted to nutrition rehabilitation treatment programmes
- 150,000 pregnant and lactating women reached with IYCF services
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. Due to the seriousness of the situation, the Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners.
This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,702,895 Swiss francs to support the Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM) to reach 14,767 people (2,954 households) in 6 districts: Magude and Manhiça in Maputo province, Massingir and Chibuto in Gaza province and Funhaloro and Panda in Inhambane province. It aims to provide assistance over the next nine months with a focus on interventions on the sectors of food security (carried out through cash distributions) and livelihoods.
Geneva 21st January, 2016
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of CHF 1,095,475 to enable the IFRC to support the Mozambique National Red Cross Society (CVM) to deliver assistance and support to 17,620 people (increased from 15,000 people) over a total timeframe of 9 months (increased from 6 months), with a focus on emergency and transitional shelter, health, water and sanitation, National Society capacity building and Disaster Risk Reduction.
FAO is urgently seeking USD 7 million to help flood-affected families in Mozambique who have lost all or part of their crops and livestock to quickly resume food production and enhance their resilience to future shocks. Resources are urgently needed to assist 44 000 farming families to restart their livelihoods.