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31 Dec 2006 description

Risk Assessment:
The second half of 2006 was an eventful time with regards to Conflictive Government and Non-Government Events. The major Conflictive Events had a political nature. Differences between Frelimo, the ruling party, and Renamo, the largest opposition party, account for a significant number of events. These ranged from direct confrontation all the way to criticisms and accusations. Mutarara district in the Province of Tete, for instance, caught media attention in June when Renamo and Frelimo supporters clashed.

31 Dec 2006 description

REGIONAL OVERVIEW

Overall, the 2006/07 agricultural season has started relatively well thanks to favourable rainfall in most of the southern African region. However, late or insufficient rainfall and poor distribution may affect yields and area planted, potentially affecting final harvest prospects in southern and central Mozambique, southern Zambia, parts of southern Zimbabwe, among others. The persistence of moderate El Nino conditions in the Pacific Ocean is a source of concern for the second half of the rainy season, from January through March.

27 Dec 2006 description

Summary and Implications

A month into the lean season, households are generally food secure. Staple food prices are still well below average and stable, and seasonal fruits and vegetables are available. However, the preliminary results of the Vulnerability Assessment Group of the Technical Secretariat for Food Security baseline study indicate that there are persistent pockets of chronic food insecurity. Households suffered low number of shocks this year and did not resort to extreme response strategies.

27 Dec 2006 description

Weekly Introduction:

Tropical Cyclone Bondo

Tropical Cyclone Bondo developed into a very powerful storm in the southwestern Indian Ocean. The storm intensity peaked at 110 knots before starting to weaken. By the time Bondo made landfall, it had been down graded to a tropical storm with winds at about 60 knots. Bondo developed on December 18th near Diego Garcia and dissipated on December 26th in the Mozambique Channel.

22 Dec 2006 description

From the Editor

There are two major themes running through this issue of Field Exchange. The first is a focus on Southern Africa and the programmatic challenges presented by HIV/AIDS and the second concerns infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IFE). An extended visit to South Africa over the summer by ENN co-director, Marie McGrath, offered the opportunity to visit several collaborative WFP programmes in Swaziland and Namibia and also to identify significant HIV-related research in the region.

22 Dec 2006 description

WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), announced the awarding of a $150 million Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) contract to a consortium headed by Research Triangle Institute (RTI). Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) is the application of safe insecticides to the indoor walls and ceilings of a home or structure in order to interrupt the spread of malaria by killing mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite.

20 Dec 2006 description

Greater Horn of Africa Outlook

The four month lead in the Greater Horn shows a slight tilt in the odds towards above normal precipitation in northern Somalia and nearby portions of Djibouti and Ethiopia.

18 Dec 2006 description

APPEAL AND BUDGET REVISION

The Federation's vision is to strive, through voluntary action, for a world of empowered communities, better able to address human suffering and crises with hope, respect for dignity and a concern for equity. Its mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.

15 Dec 2006 description

Maputo, 15 December 2006 - James T Morris, the U.N. Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa on Friday urged the humanitarian sector in Mozambique to redouble its efforts to ensure the basic needs of orphans and vulnerable children are met.

Even though Mozambique has made great economic strides since its 16-year civil war ended in 1992, nearly 54 percent of the population live below the poverty line.

14 Dec 2006 description

The White House Summit on Malaria

On December 14, 2006, The President And Mrs. Bush Will Host The First-Ever White House Summit On Malaria In Washington, D.C. The White House Summit on Malaria will bring together international experts; corporations and foundations; African civic leaders; and voluntary, faith-based and non-profit organizations. The Summit's goals are to raise awareness of malaria and to mobilize a grassroots effort to save millions of lives in Africa. One American with just $10 can help save a life in Africa. A school, a church, or a team can help save a village.

13 Dec 2006 description

JOHANNESBURG - The future of southern Africa is dependent upon governments in the region halting the effects of HIV/AIDS and ensuring orphans receive good nutrition, education and care, said James T. Morris, the U.N. Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa.

Southern Africa has nine of the ten highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world and more than 3.3 million orphans due to the virus; this combination is straining government budgets for health care and social services, food security, education, communities and extended families.

13 Dec 2006 description


Weekly Introduction:

Positive ENSO conditions and the Indian Ocean Dipole remain in place

Although there has been a slight amount of cooling in the eastern tropical Pacific, sea surface temperatures remain well above normal across most of the basin. Positive ENSO conditions (or El Nino conditions) are expected to remain in place through the end of the southern Africa growing season.

11 Dec 2006 description

Summary and implications

The food security status of many households across the region remains stable, although there are signs that household food supplies are now tightening as the hunger season sets in. Food prices have generally remained stable and below last year and the past five years' average, but prices noticeably increased in November in select markets, indicating decreasing market supplies and raising concerns about growing food access problems among vulnerable populations.

07 Dec 2006 description

Introduction

Johannesburg - After nearly five years as the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa, James Morris, who is also the Executive Director of WFP will undertake his final mission to the region from December 7-15.

06 Dec 2006 description

REGIONAL OVERVIEW

The 2006/07 agricultural season in southern Africa is well underway. Over the past two months, significant rains were reported in several parts of the region, including southwestern Angola, northern Namibia, western Botswana, most parts of Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, and parts of South Africa.

In contrast, inadequate rainfall has delayed Repatriation of Angolan refugees in planting operations in other areas of the Zambia, 2006, UNHCR.

06 Dec 2006 description


Weekly Introduction:

Anita makes its way through the Mozambique Channel

The first Tropical Storm of the South Indian Ocean season developed on November 30th and dissipated on December 2nd. With winds peaking at 45 knots, Anita was mostly a rain producer. Heavy rainfall fell over much of Tanzania, northern Mozambique and northern Madagascar. Anita never made landfall and was sheared apart in the middle of the Mozambique Channel.

05 Dec 2006 description
report IRIN

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG , 5 December (IRIN) - Outgoing United Nations special envoy for humanitarian needs in southern Africa, James T Morris, will embark on his eighth and final trip to the region on Thursday to urge governments and donors to take decisive action to tackle long-term development issues.

Morris, who will also retire from his position as the executive director of the World Food Programme (WFP) early next year, will visit Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe during his nine-day tour, and is …

30 Nov 2006 description

The food security and nutrition in much of Mozambique remains stable, although the problems of chronic food insecurity persist in some areas, warranting long term and integrated interventions. The Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN), Vulnerability Assessment working group, found recently that the food availability and access, both at the household and market levels, is satisfactory, thanks to the adequate food supplies in the majority of the country's markets. In general, maize prices have been consistently below last year's prices at this time, and …

30 Nov 2006 description

SADC REGIONAL SUMMARY

Good rainfall prospects in northern and eastern parts of the region: Revised seasonal climate forecasts indicate normal to above normal rains during the period between December 2006 and February 2007 in the DRC, northern Angola, much of Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Mozambique, much of Zimbabwe, north -eastern parts of South Africa and Swaziland and Mauritius.

Reduced rains likely in the southern and western parts of the region: There has been a development of a mild El Nino, which is often associated with depressed rainfall in Southern Africa.