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20 Oct 2017 description

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

A plague outbreak in Madagascar has raised concern in neighbouring countries. As of 12 October, a total of 684 cases (suspected, probable and confirmed) including 57 deaths (CFR 8.3%) have been reported from 35 out of 114 districts. Of these 474 were clinically classified as pneumonic plague.

The Madagascar Ministry of Health (MoH) reported caseload on 16 October was 805 (confirmed and suspected) with 74 deaths.

17 Oct 2017 description
report European Union

On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.

2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.

12 Oct 2017 description
report Inter Press Service

By Miriam Gathigah

NAIROBI, Oct 12 2017 (IPS) - A growing number of African countries are increasingly becoming food insecure as delayed and insufficient rainfall, as well as crop damaging pests such as the ongoing outbreak of the fall armyworm, cause the most severe maize crisis in the last decade.

Experts have warned that as weather patterns become even more erratic and important crops such as maize are unable to resist the fall armyworm infestation, there will not be enough food on the table.

11 Oct 2017 description

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher (p), Similar (u), or Lower (q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.

09 Oct 2017 description

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

09 Oct 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 102,814 cholera / AWD cases and 1551 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 11 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 76.6% of the total cases reported in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.9%.

05 Oct 2017 description

The Refugee Sub-Sub Committee and Legal Experts meeting was convened on 27 – 29 September 2017 in Gaborone, Republic of Botswana to review the Draft SADC Regional Policy Framework on Management of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in line with the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) which forms part of the United Nations New York Declaration, adopted by the General Assembly on 19 September 2016.

The meeting was attended by the Republics of Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, United Republic of Tanzania and the Kingdom of Swaziland.

03 Oct 2017 description
report WaterAid

The War to end Cholera’, a new report published today by WaterAid, reveals that the countries with the highest cholera burden are the same nations with the greatest number of people living without clean water and decent sanitation. WaterAid is warning that global efforts to end cholera will fail unless the world’s poorest are given the tools they need to fight the disease – clean water, decent sanitation and good hygiene.

02 Oct 2017 description

Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).

01 Oct 2017 description

Abstract:

The Bulletin highlights outbreaks of transboundary pests and diseases that have the potential to impact food and nutrition security in Southern Africa. It also captures recently concluded and upcoming events that are being organized by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and stakeholders to improve the capacities of partners in preparedness and response to crop and livestock emergencies in the region.

30 Sep 2017 description

Ceci est un résumé des déclarations du porte-parole du HCR Andrej Mahecic – à qui toute citation peut être attribuée – lors de la conférence de presse du 29 septembre 2017 au Palais des Nations à Genève.

Le HCR, l’agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, lance un appel à davantage de soutien de la part de la communauté internationale en faveur des réfugiés burundais et des communautés qui les accueillent, alors que la pénurie chronique de fonds entrave sérieusement les efforts humanitaires dans les pays d’asile.

30 Sep 2017 description
report APOPO

On September 29th, the Government of Flanders pledged 1.1 million euros to APOPO in Mozambique for its TB-detection program using scent detection rats.

29 Sep 2017 description

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling for stronger international support for Burundian refugees and their host communities, as chronic underfunding severely hampers the humanitarian response in countries of asylum.

28 Sep 2017 description

CERF enables fast, flexible and needs-based support for people affected by humanitarian emergencies. The UN General Assembly established the fund in 2005 to provide timely assistance in crises. Since its operational launch in 2006, CERF has developed a reputation for its ability to kick-start humanitarian action, scale up the response to emergencies and serve as a lifeline for people struggling to survive in the world’s most underfunded crises.

21 Sep 2017 description
report UN Population Fund

This study reviews the laws, policies and related frameworks in 23 countries in East and Southern Africa that create either impediments to, or an enabling environment for, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights (SRHR). The assessment resulted in the development of a harmonized regional legal framework, which translates international and regional legal provisions into useful strategies. It gives recommendations based on applicable core legal values and principles, gleaned from a range of conventions, charters, political commitments, guidelines and declarations.

20 Sep 2017 description

his report takes its inspiration from the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child initiative, which calls for countries to do everything possible to protect the lives and futures of all women, children and adolescents. It follows the approach used for the

State of the World’s Midwifery 2014 report, but focuses on 21 of the 23 countries in the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) East and Southern Africa region.