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20 Oct 2017 description

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

A plague outbreak in Madagascar has raised concern in neighbouring countries. As of 12 October, a total of 684 cases (suspected, probable and confirmed) including 57 deaths (CFR 8.3%) have been reported from 35 out of 114 districts. Of these 474 were clinically classified as pneumonic plague.

The Madagascar Ministry of Health (MoH) reported caseload on 16 October was 805 (confirmed and suspected) with 74 deaths.

17 Oct 2017 description
report European Union

On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.

2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.

16 Oct 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018

  • FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries

  • USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

16 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

The 2015–2016 El Niño phenomenon resulted in the worst drought in 35 years for much of southern Africa.
In the eight most-affected countries (Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia,
Swaziland and Zimbabwe), an estimated 16.1 million people required assistance between December 2016 and March 2017, including some 5 million children who required urgent humanitarian assistance.

12 Oct 2017 description
report Inter Press Service

By Miriam Gathigah

NAIROBI, Oct 12 2017 (IPS) - A growing number of African countries are increasingly becoming food insecure as delayed and insufficient rainfall, as well as crop damaging pests such as the ongoing outbreak of the fall armyworm, cause the most severe maize crisis in the last decade.

Experts have warned that as weather patterns become even more erratic and important crops such as maize are unable to resist the fall armyworm infestation, there will not be enough food on the table.

09 Oct 2017 description

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

05 Oct 2017 description

The Refugee Sub-Sub Committee and Legal Experts meeting was convened on 27 – 29 September 2017 in Gaborone, Republic of Botswana to review the Draft SADC Regional Policy Framework on Management of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in line with the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) which forms part of the United Nations New York Declaration, adopted by the General Assembly on 19 September 2016.

The meeting was attended by the Republics of Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, United Republic of Tanzania and the Kingdom of Swaziland.

02 Oct 2017 description

Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).

01 Oct 2017 description

Abstract:

The Bulletin highlights outbreaks of transboundary pests and diseases that have the potential to impact food and nutrition security in Southern Africa. It also captures recently concluded and upcoming events that are being organized by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and stakeholders to improve the capacities of partners in preparedness and response to crop and livestock emergencies in the region.

21 Sep 2017 description
report UN Population Fund

This study reviews the laws, policies and related frameworks in 23 countries in East and Southern Africa that create either impediments to, or an enabling environment for, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights (SRHR). The assessment resulted in the development of a harmonized regional legal framework, which translates international and regional legal provisions into useful strategies. It gives recommendations based on applicable core legal values and principles, gleaned from a range of conventions, charters, political commitments, guidelines and declarations.

20 Sep 2017 description

his report takes its inspiration from the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child initiative, which calls for countries to do everything possible to protect the lives and futures of all women, children and adolescents. It follows the approach used for the

State of the World’s Midwifery 2014 report, but focuses on 21 of the 23 countries in the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) East and Southern Africa region.

18 Sep 2017 description

Highlights:

Improved maize supplies drove national maize and maize meal prices further down in July in all the monitored countries except South Africa (SA) where prices increased by roughly 6 percent. Moreover, national prices were considerably below their respective 5 year aver-age (5YA) except Tanzania, Lesotho and Swaziland.

13 Sep 2017 description

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat dipped in August, after increasing in the past few months, following an upturn in production prospects in the Black Sea region which improved the 2017 global supply outlook.
    Maize quotations also fell on improved weather conditions and abundant global supplies. International prices of rice were relatively stable, although price movements were mixed across the different rice market segments.