- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 2 2017 | June – 22 September
- Statement of INGO’s in Myanmar, 31 August 2017 [EN/MY]
- Advisory Commission on Rakhine State: Final Report, August 2017
- RW Topics: Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia
Appeals & Funding
- 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2017: Myanmar
- Country-based Pooled Fund
- UNHCR Global Focus
- OCHA Myanmar
- UNHCR Operational Portal: Thailand-Myanmar Cross Border Portal
- UNFPA: Myanmar 2014 Population and Housing Census
- Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC)
- Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
- Department of Meteorology and Hydrology
- Food Security Cluster: Myanmar
- Human Rights Watch: Myanmar - Events of 2016
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2017
- Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
- Myanmar: Floods - Jun 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Roanu - May 2016
- South-East Asia: Drought - 2015-2017
- Tropical Cyclone Komen - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods - Jul 2014
- Myanmar: Floods - Aug 2013
- Tropical Cyclone Mahasen - May 2013
- According to the latest figures, 429 000 refugees have crossed into Bangladesh since 25 August. UNICEF announced that an “unprecedented” 60% of new refugees in Bangladesh are children. In total, some 900 000 Rohingya refugees are now in Bangladesh. Ethnic Rakhine, Hindu and other minority groups are beginning to return home, according to state media.
- Indonesia has provided two cargo planes with relief items worth approximately USD 280 000 for people in North Rakhine.
Several incidents in central Rakhine over the past 24 hours indicate a serious deterioration of the security situation. In the late evening of 18 September, an ICRC vessel, which was being loaded with supplies for distribution, was attacked by a large group of protesters. Threats against United Nations and INGO offices are reportedly circulating on social media. All agencies have been advised to remain vigilant.
- In Bangladesh, the number of new refugee arrivals since 25 August has reached 420 000. The humanitarian assistance plan has been revised, now targeting 1.2 million Rohingyas and host families. Human Rights Watch has released new satellite imagery which identifies 214 sites across northern Rakhine which have been almost totally destroyed by fires.
There are now 421 000 new arrivals in Bangladesh since 25 August 2017. As the influx or Rohingya refugees continues, the Bangladesh government has taken control of movements and is preparing a large camp that will accommodate 400 000 new arrivals between the settlements of Kutupalong and Balukhali. Scarcity of safe drinking water and sanitation is visible with is a serious risk for the spread of diseases.
MOFA organised visit of Diplomatic Corps to Kutupalong & Balukhali camps, spontaneous settlement and to border areas.
Reports continue that thousands of people are still on the move, either between camps or from Myanmar. This is confirmed by the ECHO team on the ground as well as the colleagues of the diplomatic corps.
The proposed land allocated by the authorities will lead to the creation of a one giant camp, contradicting earlier predictions.
State media reports that 4 220 ethnic Rakhine from 15 villages in Northern Rakhine, have been escorted back to their homes. Approximately 30,000 non-Rohingyas were displaced following the violence that erupted on 25 August.
Concerns continue to grow for approximately 100 000 Rohingyas who have fled and/ or are attempting to cross the border into Bangladesh from southern Maungdaw.
Commissioner Stylianides announced a EUR 3 million allocation for the victims of this crisis.
More than 379,000 refugees have crossed into Bangladesh since 25 August. This corresponds to approximately one third of the estimated Rohingya population in Myanmar.
The number of Rohingyas fleeing from Myanmar into Bangladesh has reached 313 000. A preliminary response plan has been developed by the inter-sector coordination group in Bangladesh, with a budget of USD 77 million.
The latest arrivals are settling next to main roads, as camps are overflowing. The Government of Bangladesh is in the process of allocating 2000 acres of land near the Kutupalong camps.
As more and more refugees arrive in Bangladesh from Myanmar, the European Commission announces additional humanitarian aid of €3 million to address the most pressing needs of Rohingya civilians. The funding comes on top of the €12 million announced in May 2017 when Commissioner Stylianides visited Rakhine State in Myanmar.
The number of Rohingya refugees who arrived in Bangladesh since 25 August has reached 164 000, two times more than the exodus that followed the October 2016 violence. The rapid influx of refugees is posing tremendous challenges to humanitarian agencies, as the new refugees’ vulnerability is extreme. Land mine explosions are reported to have continued at the border areas. Bangladesh has reportedly lodged a complaint to Myanmar regarding the laying of landmines.
Rakhine State, located in western Myanmar, is home to roughly 3.2 million people. Compared to the rest of the country, Rakhine State is relatively underdeveloped. The majority of the population are Buddhists from the Rakhine ethnic group; in addition, nearly three in ten people are Muslim.
As fighting continues in northern Rakhine state, evidenced by smoke seen from the Bangladesh border in several places, the number of newly arrived refugees has now reached 123 600.
Most of them walked 50/60 kilometres for up to 6 days and are in dire need of food and water. Shelter is also a major constraint. Stocks are running low, as the beneficiary numbers are sharply increasing.
Brussels, 5 September 2017
Unrestricted humanitarian access, including for aid workers, is critical to reaching 350,000 vulnerable people in Rakhine State. They must be allowed to do their job to try to prevent the further deterioration of an already serious humanitarian situation.
I call on all sides to de-escalate tensions and fully observe international human rights law, and in particular to refrain from any violence against civilians.
Up to 87 000 new arrivals have been recorded in Bangladesh since 25 August. At least 82 000 are hosted in makeshift settlements and refugee camps, while approximately 4 000 are in host communities. 12 000 ethnic Rakhine Buddhists are internally displaced in Myanmar, sheltering in public buildings and receiving assistance from the Government.
Fighting still continues in Northern Rakhine. Mutual accusations of the Myanmar Government and the ARSA rebel group for the burning of several thousand houses. International aid delivery remains stalled.
Arrivals of refugees from Rakhine in Bangladesh have now reached the number of 73 000 people since 25 August, with another up to 20 000 people still in the border zone.
- Sounds of combat can still be heard. Myanmar media report several villages burnt down, where thousands of people previously lived. Rohingya refugees keep crossing into Bangladesh. Arrivals since 25 August now stand at 27 400. Shelter is a main concern and many refugees remain in the open. The pre-existing makeshift camps, which were already densely populated, are becoming even more congested. Humanitarian organisations are providing multi-sector emergency assistance, but stocks and services are coming under stress.
- Arrivals in Bangladesh are increasing sharply. At least 18 445 new refugees have now arrived. Some are being sheltered in makeshift camps, others with host families and communal buildings, but many remain in the open. Humanitarian organisations are providing assistance, but stocks are coming under stress with the increased numbers of beneficiaries.
Fighting continues in North Rakhine where access is totally cut off. In Central Rakhine, access is also constrained due to security concerns after weeks of increasing intimidation of the aid community. The biggest risk is that violence becomes inter-communal and spreads. Rumours abound, while hardliners are increasingly vocal on social media.
◾8735 new refugees have been registered since 25 August, while the media reports that another 20 000 are still at the border in the "no-man’s land". Although the border is officially closed, some refugees (elderly, women, children) are being allowed in on humanitarian grounds.
◾Humanitarian and government agencies are providing emergency support, mainly tarpaulins, food, water, clothes. Shelter is the main concern, but space is restricted and there are no WASH facilities in the area. Health, including psychological support, medivacs/ambulance are also priority needs.