Appeals & Response Plans
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2017
- Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
- Myanmar: Floods - Jun 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Roanu - May 2016
- South-East Asia: Drought - 2015-2017
- Tropical Cyclone Komen - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods - Jul 2014
- Myanmar: Floods - Aug 2013
- Tropical Cyclone Mahasen - May 2013
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From 22 to 24 November 2016, 31 leaders, commanders and advisers of 21 armed movements from 11 countries, including Syria, Iraq, Colombia, Yemen, and Burma/Myanmar, participated in workshops and discussions around the issue of child protection in armed conflict.
« We thank Geneva Call for this meeting on international norms to protect children, and for recognizing our role to promote human values in armed conflict, and this even though we are considered outlawed in our country » said a representative of an armed movement.
Against the complex backdrop of a fragmented ceasefire and momentous political developments, Geneva Call continues to push for compliance with international humanitarian norms in Burma/Myanmar.
2014 was marked by an increase in the number and intensity of non-international armed conflicts in different contexts and countries. These conflicts are taking a dramatic toll on civilian populations, forcing families to leave their homes or children to enrol as fighters. More than ever, dialogue with armed non-State actors (ANSAs) is necessary for the protection of civilian populations from the effects of armed conflict.
Last November, for the first time, Geneva Call conducted a three-day workshop with the Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) on child protection and gender issues. The KHRG is an internationally-recognized human rights organization established in Karen State specializing in seeking to highlight human right abuses in Burma/Myanmar.
On 17 November 2014 to kick off Geneva Call’s Third Meeting of Signatories to the Deeds of Commitment, two armed groups pledge themselves to abide by humanitarian norms in armed conflict.
From 17th to 20th November, Geneva Call held in Geneva its Third Meeting of Signatories to the Deeds of Commitment and gathered 70 high-level representatives – political leaders, commanders and officers and legal advisers – of 35 armed non-State actors (ANSAs) coming from 14 different countries including Syria, Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, Philippines and Somalia. Most are signatories to at least one of Geneva Call’s Deeds of Commitment, but some non-signatory ANSAs also attended.
The recent War Report describes 27 on-going non-international armed conflicts in 24 States or territories, all involving armed non-State actors (ANSAs), most of them unequivocally subject to International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Violations of international humanitarian norms are widespread in all of these conflicts, with civilians consistently suffering the most. Many IHL violations – though not all – are committed by ANSAs.
On 19 March 2014 in Geneva, representatives from the Burma/Myanmar armed non-State actor - the Chin National Front (CNF) and its armed wing the Chin National Army (CNA) - signed Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment protecting children in armed conflict and the Deed of Commitment prohibiting sexual violence in armed conflict and against gender discrimination.
The CNF/CNA, which signed a ceasefire with the Government in 2012, has been fighting for more autonomy for the Chin people - an ethnic group living in the north west of the country - for more than 3 decades.
This report was stimulated by a conference on armed non-State actors (ANSAs) and the protection of internally displaced people organized in 2011 jointly by Geneva Call and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. The conference itself followed on from a special edition of Forced Migration Review magazine on ‘Armed non-state actors and displacement’.
On 21 July 2013, the Karen National Union and its armed wing the Karen National Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA), formally signed Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment prohibiting sexual violence and gender discrimination, and its Deed of Commitment protecting children in armed conflict.
The signing ceremony, in Pa’an, the capital of Karen/Kayin State, gathered representatives of the senior leadership of the KNU/KNLA, government officials, as well as representatives of the diplomatic community, NGOs, civil society organizations and UN agencies.
The Karenni National Progressive Party/Karenni Army (KNPP/KA) and the New Mon State Party/Mon National Liberation Army (NMSP/MNLA) from Burma/Myanmar are the first to sign Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment for the Protection of Children from the Effects of Armed Conflict*. These signings are the culmination of dialogue with Geneva Call that began in 2010.
While the existing data available on landmine victims indicate that Burma/Myanmar1 faces one of the most severe landmine problems in the world today, little is known about the actual extent of the problem, the impact on affected populations, communities' mine action needs and how different actors can become more involved in mine action.
The Government of Burma/Myanmar has prohibited almost all forms of mine action with the exception of a limited amount of prosthetic assistance to people with amputated limbs through general health programmes.
Albert Camus, the French philosopher who was no stranger to insurgencies and resistance movements, warned that "good intentions may do as much harm as malevolence if they lack understanding". The motivation behind In Their Words: Perspectives of Armed non-State Actors on the Protection of Children from the Effects of Armed Conflict is to help ensure that international efforts to protect children from the effects of armed conflict, and particularly the impact of armed non-State actors (NSAs), do not fall victim to such a prophecy.
Much has been accomplished …
- Over 4'318 AP mines destroyed
- 6 new signatories to the Deed of Commitment banning antipersonnel mines
- New humanitarian mine action activities launched in 5 signatory areas; all but one undertaken with INGO assistance
In writing this report, Geneva Call is mindful of the value it can add to the body of knowledge on the landmine situation in the world, particularly concerning anti-personnel (AP) mines. Many other well-established organizations also contribute actively to the eradication of the scourge of AP mines.