Appeals & Response Plans
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2018
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2017
- Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
- Myanmar: Floods - Jun 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Roanu - May 2016
- South-East Asia: Drought - 2015-2017
- Tropical Cyclone Komen - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods - Jul 2014
- Myanmar: Floods - Aug 2013
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar (A/HRC/39/64) (Advance Unedited Version) [EN/MY]
- Report of the detailed findings of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar (A/HRC/39/CRP.2)
- Report on the current work of the government: political, economic and social development, and the peace process
- One Year On: Meaningful progress needed to end impunity, discrimination and segregation in Rakhine State, say international agencies
- ASEAN MPs urge UN to act on devastating Rohingya atrocities report
As the UN Security Council meets in New York to mark one year since nearly 700,000 Rohingya refugees fled to neighboring Bangladesh, International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) working in Myanmar say 600,000 Rohingya still left in Myanmar face daily discrimination and human rights abuses, making conditions unsafe for refugees to return.
One year passed since the beginning of the exodus of an estimated 706,000 Rohingya refugees from Rakhine State, Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh following what the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called a “textbook example” of ethnic cleansing. The newly arrived Rohingya in Cox’s Bazar have joined hundreds of thousands who were part of previous waves of displacement from Myanmar.
Context and action
156.6 million inhabitants
31,5% poverty rate
142nd out of 188 on the Human Development Index
491,818 people helped
In Bangladesh‘s Cox’s Bazar area, close to a million Rohingya refugees have been living in camps for several months. Their living conditions are inhumane and have only worsened since the arrival of the rainy season.
Shelters washed away by the weather
As national and international NGOs operating in Kachin and northern Shan, Myanmar, we are deeply troubled by yet further escalation of armed conflict, including clashes directly impacting civilians throughout April and continuing into May, that has displaced and re-displaced thousands more civilians. Urgent action is required to save lives and meet widespread and growing humanitarian needs.
Merry Htang Mai is one of thousands of displaced people living in camps in Myanmar’s Kachin State. Now she is no longer just a displaced person. She became a hairdresser thanks to SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL’s training programs. Like her, Mg Zan Ha, King Seng and many others become professionals in various fields, allowing them to live a semblance of their old life.
Since 25 August 2017, an estimated 655,000 Rohingya have crossed into Bangladesh fleeing violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, increasing the total Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar to 867,000. New arrivals are living in spontaneous settlements with increasing need of humanitarian assistance, including improved shelter, food, clean water, and sanitation.
Bangladeshi host communities
Almost 6 months after the first arrivals, some 700,000 Rohingya have now sought refuge in Bangladesh. After the emergency, the time has come to consolidate this aid, which must not leave anyone behind.
They arrived in hundreds, thousands and then hundreds of thousands. Over the past 7 months, nearly 700,000 Rohingya have left their villages and homes in Burma to try to find some peace in Bangladesh. They have settled in official camps, informal settlements or villages willing to welcome them in return for rent, most of which they can’t afford.
Humanitarian Organizations call for immediate humanitarian access to those in need:
One month since the 25 August attacks and subsequent security response, INGOs in Myanmar are increasingly concerned about severe restrictions on humanitarian access and impediments to the delivery of critically needed humanitarian assistance throughout Rakhine State.
Displaced families in Ah Nauk Ye camp, located in Pauktaw Township, Rakhine State, are confronted with the specificities of a natural environment unsuitable to human settlement, more so than other internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the area. They notably face water scarcity impacting daily life, poor access to market or livelihood opportunities, regular intra-communal violence and conflict with the host community and, above all, the lack of any option for relocation, even temporarily.
After a 17-year-long cease fire, fighting erupted again in Kachin State, northern Myanmar, since 2011. The resumption of hostilities provoked large population displacements, in both government-controlled areas (GCA) and non-government controlled areas (NGCA). In 2011 alone, more than 90,000 were displaced across 142 camps. Due to the intensification of violence since April 2016, 30,000 men, women and children have been newly displaced.
The undersigned humanitarian and development NGOs operating in Kachin and Northern Shan States in Myanmar are gravely concerned about the continually escalating armed conflict and the severely deteriorating security situation for the civilian population in Kachin and Northern Shan States.
The undersigned international NGOs operating in Kachin and Northern Shan States in Myanmar are gravely concerned about the ongoing armed conflict and its recent intensification. We are also concerned about threats to the safety of civilians and increasing restrictions on access to those in need.
In Myanmar, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is offering returnees and displaced persons new sustainable professional opportunities with cash distributions and loans. For people having fled their villages and lost everything, they testify of the importance of this support.
Allowing the revival of a village
Following the outburst of violence that occurred in Rakhine State in 2012, around 140,000 were displaced. Among them, many women and children such as Amira who fled her home with her husband and their children. Today, she lives in the Koe Tan Kauk (KTK) Camp, Rathedaung township, where SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL tries to smoothen the hard living conditions.
Living in a camp as a woman
Following two outbursts of intercommunity violence in June and October 2012, over 140,000 Rakhine Buddhists and Muslims were displaced, with the vast majority of them continuing to remain in camps located in both urban and rural areas, more often in precarious sanitary conditions. Lack of water in Pauktaw Township has left resources depleted, paving the way for the spread of waterborne diseases.
Clashes in Kachin State between the national army and a local armed group in recent years have led to the displacement of more than 100,000 people. These people are now living in camps in difficult access areas. Willing to go where others don't, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL teams have since been working in partnership with local actors to reach affected populations in 13 camps.
"We cannot escape, these people are our people"
In 2015, in Myanmar, about 235,000 persons are estimated to be affected by conflict and displaced from their original living area for more than three years. These affected communities mostly reside in two different parts of the country, Kachin and Rakhine States, where SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL intervenes. Our teams met with affected people from these two States.
In the context of the elections in Myanmar, also known as Burma, that are changing the face of the country, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL teams are increasing their efforts to develop access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in crucial areas such as Rakhine State, where populations are often deprived of the most basic services.