Appeals & Response Plans
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2017
- Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
- Myanmar: Floods - Jun 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Roanu - May 2016
- South-East Asia: Drought - 2015-2017
- Tropical Cyclone Komen - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
- Myanmar: Floods - Jul 2014
- Myanmar: Floods - Aug 2013
- Tropical Cyclone Mahasen - May 2013
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I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
THE PRESIDENT’S MALARIA INITIATIVE STRATEGY FOR 2015–2020
The PMI Strategy for 2015–2020 takes into account the progress over the past decade and the new challenges that have arisen, setting forth a vision, goal, objectives, and strategic approach for PMI through 2020, while reaffirming the longer-term goal of a world without malaria. Malaria prevention and control remains a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and this strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty.
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis worldwide (1). One of the main tools used in polio eradication efforts has been the live, attenuated, oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) (2), an inexpensive vaccine easily administered by trained volunteers. OPV might require several doses to induce immunity, but provides long-term protection against paralytic disease. Through effective use of OPV, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) has brought wild polioviruses to the threshold of eradication (1).
Launched in 2005 by President George W. Bush and expanded under President Barack Obama, the U.S. President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) is a historic U.S. Government effort to lead the fight against malaria. Since the beginning of the Obama Administration, with the support of Congress, annual funding levels for PMI doubled.
This MOP presents a detailed implementation plan to be implemented with FY 2016 funds in the Greater Mekong Subregion. This document reviews the current status of malaria control policies and interventions, describes progress to date, identifies challenges and unmet needs, and describes planned activities under PMI.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)
Malaria prevention and control is a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and PMI’s strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty. Under the PMI Strategy for 2015–2020, the U.S. Government’s goal is to work with PMI-supported countries and partners to further reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria morbidity toward the long-term goal of elimination.
On December 26, 2004 at 0058 hours GMT, a strong earthquake, which had a magnitude of 8.9 on the Richter Scale, occurred off the west coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. A subsequent tsunami hit South, Southeast Asia, and East Africa causing a large number of deaths and serious, widespread damage to buildings, roads, and power lines. The following areas are those affected by the earthquake and the tsunami:
- Sri Lanka - coastal areas of south, north and east
- Indonesia - Sumatra (province Aceh)
On December 26, 2004 at 0058 hours GMT, a strong earthquake (http://www.fema.gov/areyouready/earthquakes.shtm), which had a magnitude of 8.9 on the Richter Scale, occurred off the west coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
On December 26, 2004 at 0058 hours GMT, a strong earthquake, with a magnitude of 8.9 on the Richter Scale, occurred off the west coast of Northern Sumatra (Aceh). A subsequent tsunami hit South and Southeast Asia and East Africa causing serious damage and loss of life. Several countries bordering the Indian Ocean were affected including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Tanzania, Seychelles, Kenya, and Somalia.
There is no direct risk of contagion or
infectious disease from being near human remains for people who are not
directly involved in recovery or other efforts that require handling dead
Immediate health concerns
- After the rescue of survivors, the primary public health concerns are clean drinking water, food, shelter, and medical care for injuries.
- Flood waters can pose health risks such as contaminated water and food supplies.
- Loss of shelter leaves people vulnerable to insect exposure, heat, and other environmental hazards.
- The majority of deaths associated with tsunamis are related to drownings, but traumatic injuries are also a primary concern.